Page 2:Packaging, Contents, Exterior And Cabling
Page 3:A Look Inside And Component Analysis
Page 4:Load Regulation, Hold-Up Time And Inrush Current
Page 5:Efficiency, Temperatures And Noise
Page 6:Cross-Load Tests And Infrared Images
Page 7:Transient Response Tests
Page 8:Ripple Measurements
Page 9:Performance, Performance Per Dollar And Noise Ratings
Page 10:High Performance And Dead Silence
A Look Inside And Component Analysis
Our main tools for disassembling PSUs are a Thermaltronics soldering and rework station and a Hakko 808 desoldering gun.
|OEM||FSP Technology, Inc.|
|Transient Filter||4x Y caps, 2x X caps, 1x CM chokes, 1x MOV|
|Inrush Protection||NTC Thermistor & Relay|
|Bridge Rectifier(s)||2x Shindengen LL15XB60 (600V, 15A @ 124 °C)|
|APFC MOSFETs||2x Infineon IPA60R165CP (650V, 13A @ 100 °C, 0.165 Ohm)|
|APFC Boost Diode||1x CREE C3D06060G (600V, 6A @ 155 °C)|
|Hold-up Cap(s)||2x United Chemi-Con |
(420V, 470uF each or 940uF each, 2000h @ 105 °C, KMQ)
|Main Switchers||4x STMicroelectronics STP22NM60N (650V, 10A @ 100 °C, 0.22 Ohm)|
|2x Silicon Labs Si8233BD-C-IS|
|APFC Controller||Infineon ICE2PCS02|
|Switching Controller||Champion CM6901|
|Topology||Primary side: Full-Bridge & LLC Resonant Converter|
Secondary side: Synchronous Rectification & DC-DC converters
|+12V MOSFETs||4x MOSFETs|
|5V & 3.3V||DC-DC Converters: 2x MOSFETs|
1x APW7159 PWM Controller
|Filtering Capacitors||Electrolytics: Nippon Chemi-Con (105°C, KZH), Rubycon (105 °C)|
Polymers: Nippon Chemi-Con
|Supervisor IC||SITI PS232S (OVP, UVP, OCP, SCP, OTP)|
|Fan Model||be quiet! SilentWings 3, SIW3-13525-HF|
(135mm, 12V, 0.56A, 70.12 CFM, 1500 RPM)
|Rectifying MOSFET||1x International Rectifier RFR1018E|
(60V, 56A @ 100 °C, 0.0071 Ohm)
|Standby PWM Controller||Power Integrations TNY279PN|
Taking apart this PSU wasn't easy since be quiet! (or FSP, really) used too many screws to hold it together. On top of that, we had to carefully remove the rubber edges so that we wouldn't damage them or the PSU finish. The design is modern, although no digital circuits were used. On the primary side is a full-bridge topology and an LLC resonant converter, while on the secondary side, DC-DC converters generate the minor rails and a synchronous design handles the +12V rail. Based on a quick look, the quality of the internals appears to be high, especially since only Japanese caps were used.
The first part of the transient filter stage hosts only two Y caps, while the second part, located on the main PCB, includes two more Y caps, two X caps, a CM choke and an MOV. We would like to see another CM choke here. There is also an NTC thermistor for protection against large inrush currents, and it's supported by a relay in order to cool down fast.
The two bridge rectifiers are provided by Shindengen, model number LL15XB60. Combined, they can handle up to 30A of current, so they are overkill for this PSU.
The APFC converter uses two Infineon IPA60R165CP MOSFETs along with a single CREE C3D06060G boost diode. There are two Nippon Chemi-Con bulk caps (420V, 470uF each or 940uF each; 2000h at 105 degrees C; KMQ). The APFC controller is an Infineon ICE2PCS02 IC, which is installed on the solder side of the main PCB.
The main switchers, four STMicroelectronics STP22NM60N are arranged into a full-bridge topology. Their controller, which also controls the FETs that regulate the +12V rail on the secondary side, is a Champion CM6901. On the same board with the aforementioned controller, we also found a TS358CD operational amplifier (op-amp). In addition, the driver ICs of the aforementioned FETs are two Silicon Labs Si8233BD-C-IS which support switching frequencies of up to 8MHz. Finally, an LLC resonant converter further increases efficiency by restricting switching energy losses.
On the secondary side, four FETs regulate the +12V rail, which are fed to two DC-DC converters to generate the minor rails. All +12V FETs are located on the solder side of the main PCB, while the DC-DC converters are installed on a small daughter board, located right next to the modular PCB. The common PWM controller of both VRMs is an Anpec APW7159. All filtering capacitors on the secondary side are of high quality, and Nippon Chemi-Con provides the electrolytics. We also found some electrolytic Rubycons on the main PCB. Finally, all polymers come from Chemi-Con, while all electrolytics are rated at 105 °C, something we expect on a high-end PSU like this one.
The 5VSB regulation circuit is located on a separate daughter board, upon which we identified an International Rectifier RFR1018E MOSFET and a Power Integrations TNY279PN standby PWM controller. There is also a dedicated circuit, housed on a daughter board as well, for generating the -12V rail.
Many polymer caps from Chemi-Con filter the rails on the front of the modular PCB. We were a bit disappointed by the soldering quality on the modular board. We expected FSP to do a much better job, especially in a flagship unit.
Soldering quality on the main PCB is good overall, but there are some spots with sloppy solder joints. Unfortunately, the business side of the board had several wires loose, and generally the whole design isn't very clean. Some components aren't properly aligned into place, showing that the production line isn't mature enough yet.
The PSU can control up to four external fans. This is accomplished with a separate sensor so that they are electrically independent from the unit's internal fan. The control circuit, shown above, applies a short start-up impulse, allowing even fans with high start-up voltages to work without any problems.
The cooling fan is by be quiet! and belongs to the SilentWings 3 family. Its model number is SIW3-13525-HF (135mm, 12V, 0.56A, 70.12 CFM, 1500 RPM), and it's a high-quality fan that will last a long time thanks to its fluid dynamic bearing. It's quiet, too, the result of the relaxed fan profile.
- Packaging, Contents, Exterior And Cabling
- A Look Inside And Component Analysis
- Load Regulation, Hold-Up Time And Inrush Current
- Efficiency, Temperatures And Noise
- Cross-Load Tests And Infrared Images
- Transient Response Tests
- Ripple Measurements
- Performance, Performance Per Dollar And Noise Ratings
- High Performance And Dead Silence