Transient Response Tests, Ripple Measurements and EMC Pre-Compliance Testing
Advanced Transient Response Tests
For details about our transient response testing, please click here.
In the real world, power supplies are always working with loads that change. It's of immense importance, then, for the PSU to keep its rails within the ATX specification's defined ranges. The smaller the deviations, the more stable your PC will be with less stress applied to its components.
We should note that the ATX spec requires capacitive loading during the transient rests, but in our methodology we also choose to apply a worst case scenario with no extra capacitance on the rails.
Advanced Transient Response at 20% – 200ms
Advanced Transient Response at 20% – 20ms
Advanced Transient Response at 20% – 1ms
Advanced Transient Response at 50% – 200ms
Advanced Transient Response at 50% – 20ms
Advanced Transient Response at 50% – 1ms
The transient response is mediocre on all rails, but 5VSB.
Turn-On Transient Tests
In the next set of tests, we measure the PSU's response in simpler transient load scenarios—during its power-on phase. Ideally, we don't want to see any voltage overshoots or spikes since those put a lot of stress on the DC-DC converters of installed components.
There is a high spike at 5VSB, at 5.575V, which exceeds the 5.5V upper limit that the ATX spec sets. The +12V rail performs better in these tests, but still it registers a voltage overshoot during the last test.
Ripple represents the AC fluctuations (periodic) and noise (random) found in the PSU's DC rails. This phenomenon significantly decreases the capacitors' lifespan because it causes them to run hotter. A 10°C increase can cut into a cap's useful life by 50 percent. Ripple also plays an important role in overall system stability, especially when overclocking is involved.
The ripple limits, according to the ATX specification, are 120mV (+12V) and 50mV (5V, 3.3V, and 5VSB).
|10% Load||7.4 mV||9.7 mV||20.3 mV||10.4 mV||Pass|
|20% Load||13.6 mV||10.0 mV||20.8 mV||10.9 mV||Pass|
|30% Load||13.5 mV||9.7 mV||22.6 mV||11.6 mV||Pass|
|40% Load||18.3 mV||10.3 mV||24.6 mV||12.4 mV||Pass|
|50% Load||22.2 mV||12.6 mV||23.6 mV||13.1 mV||Pass|
|60% Load||26.5 mV||13.5 mV||26.4 mV||13.9 mV||Pass|
|70% Load||31.3 mV||16.1 mV||31.6 mV||15.1 mV||Pass|
|80% Load||34.8 mV||16.6 mV||30.3 mV||16.7 mV||Pass|
|90% Load||39.8 mV||14.8 mV||29.3 mV||18.3 mV||Pass|
|100% Load||45.8 mV||16.4 mV||29.9 mV||23.1 mV||Pass|
|110% Load||52.3 mV||17.1 mV||32.0 mV||25.1 mV||Pass|
|Crossload 1||32.5 mV||12.7 mV||25.1 mV||35.0 mV||Pass|
|Crossload 2||47.3 mV||13.8 mV||26.7 mV||20.3 mV||Pass|
The +12V rail has satisfactory ripple suppression, although we are used to see below 30mV in high-end units, under worst case scenario. The 5V rail is the best performer here, while the 3.3V rail's ripple ideally should remain below 30mV.
Ripple At Full Load
Ripple At 110% Load
Ripple At Cross-Load 1
Ripple At Cross-Load 2
EMC Pre-Compliance Testing – Average & Peak EMI Detector Results
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) is the ability of a device to operate properly in its environment without disrupting the proper operation of other close-by devices.
Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) stands for the electromagnetic energy a device emits, and it can cause problems in other close-by devices if too high. For example, it can be the cause of increased static noise in your headphones or/and speakers.
There are some spurs at low frequencies (<1MHz), but none of them goes over the limits.
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