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Main And I/O Cooling Modules

Intel’s 24-Core, 14-Drive Modular Server Reviewed
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The rear mounted Main Cooling Modules have two fans inside each casing that pulls air in from the front of the chassis and out the back.  The rear mounted Main Cooling Modules have two fans inside each casing that pulls air in from the front of the chassis and out the back.

Cooling is a key factor when running the MFSYS25. About 80% of the MFSYS25 front panel is perforated, so if you put your hand in front of the running chassis, you can feel the amount of air drawn in from different parts of the panel. There are three main sources for this induction.

In the rear of the main chassis are two hot-swappable main cooling modules that are used to pull air through the heavily perforated front panels in front of the compute modules. These large modules sit in a vertical arrangement so that each main cooling module is positioned to cover either the top three compute modules or the bottom three.

As the fans spin, air rushes over each of the compute modules’ voltage regulator, CPU, and memory banks before exiting through the main cooling module. Each of these two larger cooling devices consists of two 4.5" fans in a 1+1 redundancy configuration and sits in a tandem position. Each fan then plugs into a small circuit board inside the module housing, which in turn plugs into the MFSYS25 midplane.

As mentioned before, each of the main cooling modules cools down three of the six compute modules, so if there is a problem with a faulty fan, it should be replaced immediately. The user manual states that hot-swappable cooling devices should be replaced within a minute, especially if the MFSYS25 is fully populated with six compute modules.

The smaller I/O cooling module sits on the front of the main chassis, just below the storage enclosure.  Inside this smaller module are six 1.5" fans that run in a 3+3 redundancy configuration. The I/O module pulls in air from the front of the chassis and directs the flow to the back, which cools the I/O devices in the rear of the system. Like the other two cooling modules, the I/O cooling module is hot-swappable as well.

Placed in front of the MFSYS25 chassis, the I/O Cooling Modules keep the Modular Server’s Management Modules from over-heating.Placed in front of the MFSYS25 chassis, the I/O Cooling Modules keep the Modular Server’s Management Modules from over-heating.

One interesting observation I made during this evaluation was the behavior of the entire cooling system when one of the three modules was pulled out. When the chassis loses a cooling component, the remaining two devices go into high gear. From the increase of air flow, it would seem that the chassis is compensating for the missing device. However, neither the MFSYS25/MFSYS35’s user guide nor the technical product specification manual mentions this behavior, while an email from an Intel representative said that this is normal behavior.

I found out that in case of a cooling device failure that the remaining main cooling module will continue to run at 100% activity and can run in this state for a while.  On the other hand, if there was a problem with the sole I/O cooling module, then an immediate replacement would be necessary.

I couldn’t wait to test the overall heat coming out of the MFSYS25 at different compute module configurations.  After bringing up all three compute modules (one at a time), I sequentially shut them down until I was just running the chassis by itself. The startup and shutdown of the compute modules were completed in 15-minute intervals.

I started with just the chassis and the disk drives powered on. Note that the compute modules were in their bays the whole time, but no command to start them up was issued until later.

I then powered on the compute modules in 15 minute intervals. By interval 4, you can see that the amount of heat coming out of the main cooling modules increases dramatically.

As might be expected, when power consumption increased and after I added more compute modules to the chassis, there was a significant increase in heat, not only from the newly powered-up components, but from the power supply modules as well.  There’s at least a 19 degrees Fahrenheit heat increase coming from the cooling modules as they pull the hot air away from the three compute modules. If I had loaded the chassis with three more compute modules, then I’m sure the line representing the main cooling modules would be close to the power module’s temperatures. At interval 5, I started shutting down the compute modules at 15 minute intervals. This “shutdown” test produced an almost mirror-image of the system as everything was booting up during the first half. Note that temperature coming from the compute modules’ front panel only went up and down by three degrees. This just means that the CPUs near the front of the compute modules were probably being well ventilated by the flow of fresh air coming from the front of the chassis.

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