SSD Benchmarks Hierarchy 2024: We've tested over 100 different SSDs over the past few years, and here's how they stack up.

SSD Benchmarks Hierarchy Picker Image
(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Our SSD benchmarks hierarchy provides a look at how all of the different SSDs we've tested over the years stack up. These are all M.2 NVMe drives, but our test group has PCIe 3.0, 4.0, and 5.0 models. This is not our pick of the best SSDs, as we've covered that elsewhere. Here, we're sorting purely based on performance, regardless of price.

We've grouped the SSDs by capacity to help keep things simple. We've got 1TB, 2TB, and 4TB+ tables and charts below, and as this is a new hierarchy, we're open to suggestions on how to better break things down. Given current prices, not to mention the voracious appetite for the capacity of modern games, we're going to start with the 2TB drives. These are generally the sweet spot in price-to-performance and capacity ratios, though there's still a wide range in price — we're looking at you, PCIe 5.0 drives.

We've sorted by the random QD1 IOPS results for the tables — the geometric mean of both the read and write IOPS, to be precise. This is one of the more realistic representations of overall SSD performance, even if it's a synthetic test, as it's difficult to game the system. Lots of manufacturers will test random IO performance at queue depths of 32 or even 256 because that makes everything look much faster, but in the real world, random queue depths are mostly at QD1 and very rarely go beyond QD4.

We also have charts below the tables showcasing other performance aspects, including sequential read/write speeds and file copy speeds. The copy test is more real-world than some of the other benchmarks and represents something users might actually do on a regular basis.

Also, if you're an SSD manufacturer and you don't see your drive in our tables, send me an email, and we can see about testing it. We can't test every capacity of every drive out there, but we like to show a wide sampling of options.

2TB SSD Hierarchy

Swipe to scroll horizontally
SSDRandom IOPSSeq MB/sCopy MB/sAvg. PowerSpecifications
Teamgroup Z540 2TB48,37712,1122,7227.43PCIe 5.0 x4, Phison E26, 232-Layer Micron TLC
Nextorage NN5Pro 2TB48,29212,0912,7297.02PCIe 5.0 x4, Phison E26, 232-Layer Micron TLC
Crucial T500 2TB47,5736,9042,2834.42PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E25, 232-Layer Micron TLC
Solidigm P44 Pro 2TB46,4206,9211,9743.97PCIe 4.0 x4, SK hynix Aries, 176-Layer SK hynix TLC
Kingston KC3000 2TB46,0826,9241,8314.94PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E18, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Sabrent Rocket 4 Plus-G 2TB45,7976,9331,9014.87PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E18, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Kingston Fury Renegade 2TB45,7786,9221,8114.92PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E18, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Corsair MP600 Pro XT 2TB45,6846,9171,7204.40PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E18, 176-Layer Micron TLC
WD Black SN850X 2TB45,6536,8271,8274.07PCIe 4.0 x4, WD_Black G2, 112-Layer Kioxia TLC
Silicon Power XPower XS70 2TB45,6426,9181,7184.48PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E18, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Inland Gaming Performance Plus 2TB45,6156,8801,7274.34PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E18, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Seagate FireCuda 530 2TB45,5796,9071,7234.42PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E18, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Crucial T700 2TB45,46512,1132,6016.74PCIe 5.0 x4, Phison E26, 232-Layer Micron TLC
Gigabyte Aorus Gen5 10000 2TB45,29710,1512,1526.74PCIe 5.0 x4, Phison E26, 232-Layer Micron TLC
Seagate FireCuda Star Wars 2TB45,2826,9231,9104.65PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E18, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Corsair MP700 2TB45,24810,1392,3936.51PCIe 5.0 x4, Phison E26, 232-Layer Micron TLC
Sabrent Rocket 4 Plus 2TB45,2356,9081,6994.60PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E18, 96-Layer Micron TLC
Inland TD510 2TB45,16510,1522,1266.85PCIe 5.0 x4, Phison E26, 232-Layer Micron TLC
Adata Legend 970 2TB45,11410,0892,4026.89PCIe 5.0 x4, Phison E26, 232-Layer Micron TLC
Seagate FireCuda 540 2TB45,11010,1382,4447.60PCIe 5.0 x4, Phison E26, 232-Layer Micron TLC
Acer Predator GM7000 2TB44,9216,8931,7113.62PCIe 4.0 x4, InnoGrit IG5236, 176-Layer Micron TLC
HP FX900 Pro 2TB44,8736,9181,6983.63PCIe 4.0 x4, InnoGrit IG5236, 176-Layer Micron TLC
SK hynix Platinum P41 2TB44,1826,9191,9533.98PCIe 4.0 x4, SK hynix Aries, 176-Layer SK hynix TLC
Silicon Power US75 2TB43,7206,8021,9643.04PCIe 4.0 x4, Maxio MAP1602A, 232-Layer YMTC TLC
PNY CS3140 2TB43,3846,5591,8726.47PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E18, 176-Layer Micron TLC
WD Black SN850 2TB43,3696,0281,6693.93PCIe 4.0 x4, WD_Black G2, 96-Layer Kioxia TLC
Solidigm P41 Plus 2TB43,3303,7141,0842.84PCIe 4.0 x4, Silicon Motion SM2269XT, 144-Layer Solidigm QLC
Samsung 990 Pro 2TB43,3136,9851,8424.03PCIe 4.0 x4, Samsung Pascal, 176-Layer Samsung V-NAND TLC
Lexar Professional NM800 Pro 2TB43,2956,8641,7023.53PCIe 4.0 x4, InnoGrit IG5236, 176-Layer Micron TLC
HP FX700 2TB43,2436,7711,9843.18PCIe 4.0 x4, Maxio MAP1602A, 232-Layer YMTC QLC
Teamgroup A440 Pro 2TB42,3116,8851,6734.80PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E18, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Mushkin Gamma 2TB42,0506,9041,5734.68PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E18, 96-Layer Micron TLC
MSI Spatium M480 2TB42,0146,9041,5915.35PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E18, 96-Layer Micron TLC
Corsair MP600 Pro LPX 2TB42,0086,9041,7034.65PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E18, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Gigabyte Aorus Gen4 7000s 2TB41,8336,8661,5864.55PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E18, 96-Layer Micron TLC
WD Black SN770 2TB41,1344,8921,5173.33PCIe 4.0 x4, WD NVMe, 112-Layer Kioxia TLC
Corsair MP600 Core XT 2TB40,8124,7381,4542.86PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E21T, 176-Layer Micron QLC
Adata Legend 960 Max 2TB40,7854,7421,4914.62PCIe 4.0 x4, Silicon Motion SM2264, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Corsair MP600 GS 2TB40,7644,8831,2952.83PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E21T, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Samsung 980 Pro 2TB40,5805,8441,5893.74PCIe 4.0 x4, Samsung Elpis, 1xx-Layer Samsung V-NAND TLC
Addlink S90 Lite 2TB40,2134,8701,2932.81PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E21T, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Adata Legend 960 2TB39,4936,8531,8214.36PCIe 4.0 x4, Silicon Motion SM2264, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Patriot Viper VP4300 2TB39,4856,9551,3373.52PCIe 4.0 x4, InnoGrit IG5236, 96-Layer Micron TLC
Teamgroup MP44 2TB39,3356,9301,8903.01PCIe 4.0 x4, Maxio MAP1602A, 232-Layer YMTC TLC
Kioxia XG8 2TB37,2256,5481,3993.99PCIe 4.0 x4, TC58NC0L1XGSD, 112-Layer Kioxia TLC
Intel SSD 670p 2TB36,6333,2181,0613.50PCIe 3.0 x4, Silicon Motion SM2265, 144-Layer Intel QLC
Adata XPG Gammix S50 Lite 2TB36,4263,5611,0953.46PCIe 4.0 x4, Silicon Motion SM2267EN, 96-Layer Micron TLC
Crucial P3 Plus 2TB35,8904,7021,1692.67PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E21T, 176-Layer Micron QLC
Sabrent Rocket Q4 2TB35,7044,1409634.25PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E16, 96-Layer Micron QLC
SK hynix Gold P31 2TB35,6693,5181,0902.28PCIe 3.0 x4, SK hynix Cepheus, 128-Layer SK hynix TLC
Crucial P5 Plus 2TB35,2325,8531,4574.38PCIe 4.0 x4, Crucial NVMe, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Crucial P3 2TB34,4893,3421,1532.25PCIe 3.0 x4, Phison E21T, 176-Layer Micron QLC
Seagate IronWolf 525 2TB34,3814,6241,0994.37PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E16, 96-Layer Kioxia TLC
Inland Performance 2TB34,3494,6181,1734.65PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E16, 96-Layer Kioxia TLC
Sabrent Rocket NVMe 4.0 2TB34,1624,6061,1154.23PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E16, 96-Layer Kioxia TLC
Kingston NV2 2TB34,1563,2899923.78PCIe 4.0 x4, Variable, Variable
Teamgroup T-Create Expert 2TB34,1133,2867304.22PCIe 3.0 x4, Silicon Motion SM2262EN, 64-Layer Micron TLC
Sabrent Rocket Q 2TB33,3643,2278433.05PCIe 3.0 x4, Phison E12S, 96-Layer Micron QLC
PNY LX3030 2TB33,3363,2269744.14PCIe 3.0 x4, Phison E12S, 96-Layer Micron QLC
Silicon Power XD80 2TB31,6153,2368673.88PCIe 3.0 x4, Phison E12S, 96-Layer Kioxia TLC
Samsung 970 EVO Plus 2TB29,8713,4341,1264.30PCIe 3.0 x4, Samsung Phoenix, 9x-Layer Samsung V-NAND TLC
WD Black SN750 2TB29,1073,2409193.33PCIe 3.0 x4, WD NVMe, 64-Layer SanDisk TLC
Crucial P5 2TB28,5983,4099104.03PCIe 3.0 x4, Crucial NVMe, 96-Layer Micron TLC
WD Black AN1500 2TB26,0535,3981,24010.58PCIe 3.0 x4, WD, 96-Layer WD TLC

We use the QD1 4K random results to quantify the snappiness and responsiveness of the SSD during a normal desktop PC experience. It should be immediately obvious that there's not much difference between the various PCIe 3.0, 4.0, and 5.0 drives when it comes to QD1 random I/O. Yes, the Teamgroup Z540 does take the top spot, barely, and second place goes to the similar Nextorage NN5Pro — both of these drives use Phison's E26 controller with 12 GT/s Micron NAND and use PCIe 5.0 — but the Crucial T500, Solidigm P44 Pro, and Kingston KC3000 are all PCIe 4.0 drives.

Since we're only using data from the past couple of years, after we switched to our current Core i9-12900K test PC, we're decidedly heavy on PCIe 4.0 and 5.0 drives. But there are a decent number of PCIe 3.0 drives... near the bottom end of the table and charts, sure. But even the fastest drives are less than twice the random I/O performance of the slowest drives.

That's why we also include the other columns for performance. The pure sequential scores show maximum throughput, generally within most drives' "burst" pSLC cache period. If you're doing drive-to-drive copies or backups using PCIe 5.0 hardware, it can make a huge difference — the Phison E26 SSDs all sit at the top, significantly ahead of the fastest PCIe 4.0 drives, and you can also see the three E26 drives that have 12 GT/s NAND. You can also see the PCIe 5.0 limits as well as the slower PCIe 5.0 drives.

Copy performance is more of a real-world look at a common task: Copying 50GB of data from the drive to itself. This requires simultaneous reads and writes, and even the fastest drives drop to under 3.0 GB/s, which is still about quadruple the performance of the slowest SSDs we've tested.

Now is a great time to upgrade your SSD if you haven't done so recently. Even high-performance 2TB drives can be had for close to $100, or about five cents per GB. Spending a bit more for a brand you trust is fine, but some models, and all of the Gen5 drives, cost significantly more.

1TB SSD Hierarchy

Swipe to scroll horizontally
SSDRandom IOPSSeq MB/sCopy MB/sAvg. PowerSpecifications
Intel Optane DC P5800X 800GB95,8526,3132,108PCIe 4.0 x4, Intel S LNBF, 2nd Gen Optane
Intel Optane SSD 905P 1.5TB73,7242,4751,05712.38PCIe 3.0 x4, Intel Custom, 1st Gen Optane
Gigabyte Aorus Gen5 12000 1TB48,18510,6062,5597.20PCIe 5.0 x4, Phison E26, 232-Layer Micron TLC
Seagate Game Drive PS5 1TB47,9676,4471,9034.31PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E18, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Micron 3500 1TB47,4726,8232,2014.17PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E25, 232-Layer Micron TLC
Solidigm P44 Pro 1TB46,5196,9701,9403.91PCIe 4.0 x4, SK hynix Aries, 176-Layer SK hynix TLC
Kingston KC3000 1TB46,4026,5651,7564.25PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E18, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Sabrent Rocket 4 Plus-G 1TB46,1416,5561,7484.33PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E18, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Kingston Fury Renegade 1TB46,0686,5631,7514.25PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E18, 176-Layer Micron TLC
WD Black SN850 1TB45,7096,0591,6973.79PCIe 4.0 x4, WD_Black G2, 96-Layer Kioxia TLC
PNY XLR8 CS3140 1TB45,6566,4281,6784.16PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E18, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Sabrent Rocket 4 Plus 1TB45,4226,4351,6554.15PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E18, 96-Layer Micron TLC
WD Black SN850X 1TB45,3256,6711,7263.79PCIe 4.0 x4, WD_Black G2, 112-Layer Kioxia TLC
Nextorage NE5N 1TB45,2519,2202,2786.80PCIe 5.0 x4, Phison E26, 232-Layer Micron TLC
WD Black SN770 1TB44,7125,1051,5803.29PCIe 4.0 x4, WD NVMe, 112-Layer Kioxia TLC
HP FX900 1TB44,4724,9511,4012.59PCIe 4.0 x4, InnoGrit IG5220, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Patriot P400 1TB44,3114,9221,2763.25PCIe 4.0 x4, InnoGrit IG5220, 176-Layer Micron TLC
SK hynix Platinum P41 1TB44,2826,8491,8843.80PCIe 4.0 x4, SK hynix Aries, 176-Layer SK hynix TLC
Solidigm P41 Plus 1TB42,9113,5071,0302.72PCIe 4.0 x4, Silicon Motion SM2269XT, 144-Layer Solidigm QLC
Corsair MP600 Pro 1TB42,3866,2171,4754.20PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E18, 96-Layer Micron TLC
Gigabyte Aorus Gen4 7000s 1TB42,1876,1681,4634.20PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E18, 96-Layer Micron TLC
WD Blue SN580 1TB42,0974,1741,5013.54PCIe 3.0 x4, WD, 112-Layer Kioxia TLC
Patriot Viper VPR400 1TB41,9294,9751,4174.02PCIe 4.0 x4, InnoGrit IG5220, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Samsung 980 Pro 1TB41,6365,8341,6383.70PCIe 4.0 x4, Samsung Elpis, 1xx-Layer Samsung V-NAND TLC
Silicon Power UD90 1TB40,8484,8511,2142.50PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E21T, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Teamgroup MP44L 1TB40,5304,8351,3032.58PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E21T, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Adata Legend 960 1TB39,7806,7451,6133.89PCIe 4.0 x4, Silicon Motion SM2264, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Acer Predator GM7 1TB39,4146,6951,6892.63PCIe 4.0 x4, Maxio MAP1602A, 128-Layer YMTC TLC
SK hynix Gold P31 1TB38,5213,5111,0562.38PCIe 3.0 x4, SK hynix Cepheus, 128-Layer SK hynix TLC
Sabrent Rocket Q4 1TB35,7873,0797413.80PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E16, 96-Layer Micron QLC
Crucial P5 Plus 1TB35,3465,8271,4264.20PCIe 4.0 x4, Crucial NVMe, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Inland Prime 1TB35,2483,0237332.54PCIe 3.0 x4, Phison E15T, 176-Layer Micron TLC
Acer Predator GM3500 1TB34,5973,3108773.36PCIe 3.0 x4, Silicon Motion SM2262EN, 96-Layer Micron TLC
MSI Spatium M470 1TB34,5054,6141,1024.48PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E16, 96-Layer Kioxia TLC
Sabrent Rocket NVMe 4.0 1TB34,4564,6151,1024.56PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E16, 96-Layer Kioxia TLC
Transcend 250H 1TB34,3786,6401,6975.47PCIe 4.0 x4, Silicon Motion SM2264, 112-Layer Kioxia TLC
Kingston NV2 1TB34,2773,1971,0393.83PCIe 4.0 x4, Variable, Variable
WD Black SN750 SE 1TB34,0313,1931,0123.34PCIe 4.0 x4, Phison E19T, 96-Layer Kioxia TLC
Seagate FireCuda 510 1TB33,7992,6375773.34PCIe 3.0 x4, Phison E12S, 64-Layer Kioxia TLC
Sabrent Rocket Q 1TB33,5852,5926812.99PCIe 3.0 x4, Phison E12S, 96-Layer Micron QLC
WD Black SN750 1TB32,7953,2519143.69PCIe 3.0 x4, WD NVMe, 64-Layer SanDisk TLC
Samsung 980 1TB32,6723,1689823.45PCIe 3.0 x4, Samsung Pablo, 128-Layer Samsung V-NAND TLC
WD Blue SN570 1TB32,0073,3905893.11PCIe 3.0 x4, WD, 112-Layer Kioxia TLC
Samsung 970 EVO Plus 1TB31,1813,4241,0884.51PCIe 3.0 x4, Samsung Phoenix, 9x-Layer Samsung V-NAND TLC
Crucial P5 1TB28,6663,4308933.99PCIe 3.0 x4, Crucial NVMe, 96-Layer Micron TLC

The 1TB SSDs mostly mirror what we've already seen with the 2TB drives. However, in more extensive testing (like our write saturation tests), the lower capacity means you'll run out of pSLC cache more quickly. There are of course exceptions as well, like Intel's Optane SSDs that provide incredible QD1 random IO. RIP, 3D XPoint... RIP.

The Gigabyte Gen5 12000 sits at the top of all four charts, with a sizeable lead on the sequential performance metric. The Nextorage NE5N is the only other 1TB Gen5 drive that we've tested, but it comes with slower NAND and thus falls behind in some of the other tests.

The random performance again gives a great illustration of why so many people might think that faster SSDs don't really seem to make that much of a difference. QD1 is the most likely scenario for random workloads, and even the fastest SSD is only about 70% faster than the slowest SSD in our group. But sequential performance does matter, even for things as simple as verifying a game installation in Steam. The top performers are up to four times as fast as the slowest drives in that case.

The copy results level the playing field. Many of the SSDs will use the same controller and same NAND, which is why there are a lot of SSDs that deliver roughly the same performance. They won't be the same in every instance, but for moderate use, just about any of these SSDs will still perform competently, in which case, looking for a good deal is often the determining factor.

You can now find even quality 1TB drives for well under $100. The WD Black SN850X 1TB remains one of the best overall picks, starting at just $65 right now. A few drives might cost $5–$10 less, but they're often slower, use QLC NAND, or have some other potential cause for concern.

4TB and Larger SSD Hierarchy

Last up for standard SSDs, we have the 4TB and higher capacity drives. So far, we've only tested 15 such SSDs, though we expect more will arrive in our labs for testing over the coming year.

So far, we haven't seen any PCIe 5.0 4TB models in our labs. Given the prices on the 2TB PCIe 5.0 drives, perhaps that's just as well. Don't get me wrong: I love the idea of large and fast performance. But when you can find drives like the Samsung 990 Pro 4TB for $249 — less than the cost of most current 2TB drives — that will be hard to pass up.

Stepping up to 8TB drives usually means QLC NAND, and while that's not the end of the world, there are often performance compromises. Not to mention, the 8TB SSDs still cost a pretty penny. The Sabrent Rocket 4 Plus 8TB costs $999, while the Sabrent Rocket Q 8TB is "currently unavailable" on Amazon. It would be far cheaper to just pick up multiple 4TB drives rather than plunking down that much money for a single 8TB drive.

Sequential performance for most PCIe 4.0 SSDs lands right around 7 GB/s, with a couple of slower/older models at around 4.4 GB/s. Meanwhile, the PCIe 3.0 drives all peak at just over 3.2 GB/s. File copy speeds are about one-third to one-fourth as fast, however. 

M.2 2230 SSD Hierarchy

Wrapping things up, nearly all of the drives in the previous lists have been 2280 models — 22mm wide and 80mm long. 2230 SSDs are becoming popular, thanks in part to the rise of the Steam Deck and other handheld gaming portables. We've tested ten such SSDs, and nearly all of the drives use the same hardware, resulting in very similar performance. There are only two exceptions: the WD Black SN770M uses a custom WD controller, while the Inland TN436 uses an older Phison E18T controller — everything else uses the Phison E21T controller.

It's not clear why the Silicon Power UD90 (2230) scored better in our random IO tests, but it was consistently faster than other 2230 drives. It may simply have used newer firmware that optimized a few things. However, it didn't do as well in the other tests, coming in slightly behind some of the other drives in our sequential and file copy tests.

Meanwhile, the WD Black SN770M took the top spot in the sequential performance tests. At the same time, the controller got hotter than other drives, which might be a potential concern for using it in the Steam Deck.

The biggest issue with M.2 2230 drives is their pricing. The 1TB models are at least reasonably competitive, with the Corsair MP600 Mini going for $79, but the 2TB drives cost at least twice as much. It's the price for going ultra-compact, and if you're just looking for the least expensive 2TB drive you can find — a reasonable choice for the Steam Deck — the Addlink S91 2TB costs $169.

The 2230 drives are very much not about maximum performance. Most 2TB models use QLC NAND, and under sustained write saturation testing, they'll drop below 100 MB/s. But that's the thing: A Steam Deck can't even write at 100 MB/s if you're downloading games over its wireless connection. We typically saw peak data rates of ~30 MB/s is all. So, picking up the most cost-effective 2230 drive for such use cases makes sense. 

Jarred Walton

Jarred Walton is a senior editor at Tom's Hardware focusing on everything GPU. He has been working as a tech journalist since 2004, writing for AnandTech, Maximum PC, and PC Gamer. From the first S3 Virge '3D decelerators' to today's GPUs, Jarred keeps up with all the latest graphics trends and is the one to ask about game performance.

  • Soaptrail
    Hard to tell Toms is a tech site when they restrict the table width to something so narrow you cannot see all the columns. I guess no one has embraced 16x9 monitors who work there, or do they only work on their phones in portrait mode?
    Reply
  • dimar
    idle, average daily work, fully loaded temperatures and power consumption (with and without a heatsink) would be really good to know
    Reply
  • JarredWaltonGPU
    Soaptrail said:
    Hard to tell Toms is a tech site when they restrict the table width to something so narrow you cannot see all the columns. I guess no one has embraced 16x9 monitors who work there, or do they only work on their phones in portrait mode?
    Unfortunately, it's not a Tom's Hardware decision but a Future decision. But we did set the "wide" layout after the initial publishing, so give it a look now and it should be much better.
    dimar said:
    idle, average daily work, fully loaded temperatures and power consumption (with and without a heatsink) would be really good to know
    I've just added a "Specifications" column that links to the appropriate review — there are a few drives that haven't been reviewed yet (pending), but everything else should have most of the details you want.

    Temperatures aren't something we've really delved into, though I've collected the data on all of the more recent tests. The TLDR is that any motherboard with a decent heatsink, or a case setup where there's a fan blowing air over the SSD, should be fine. If you have a Gen5 drive without a HS, or covered by a hot graphics card and in a case with restricted airflow, yeah, they can get hot and throttle. But then is that an SSD problem or a system problem? I generally point to the latter, and it's why I don't much care for mini-ITX builds personally.
    Reply
  • salgado18
    What I'd like to see is a list of SSDs ranked by performance/watt efficiency, while still delivering good performance. It would be very useful to squeeze more battery out of gaming notebooks and portables, like the Steam Deck.
    Reply
  • dimar
    JarredWaltonGPU said:


    Temperatures aren't something we've really delved into, though I've collected the data on all of the more recent tests. The TLDR is that any motherboard with a decent heatsink, or a case setup where there's a fan blowing air over the SSD, should be fine. If you have a Gen5 drive without a HS, or covered by a hot graphics card and in a case with restricted airflow, yeah, they can get hot and throttle. But then is that an SSD problem or a system problem? I generally point to the latter, and it's why I don't much care for mini-ITX builds personally.
    I was asking because I'm having trouble finding the perfect SSD for a laptop that doesn't destroy the battery or that doesn't create lots of heat.
    Reply
  • JarredWaltonGPU
    dimar said:
    I was asking because I'm having trouble finding the perfect SSD for a laptop that doesn't destroy the battery or that doesn't create lots of heat.
    If you want large capacity, the best bet is the Samsung 990 Pro 4TB. Alternatively, the Addlink A93 and Lexar NM790 seem like decent options, though obviously those are less reputable brands than Samsung — not sure I'd want to go that route just to save $40 or whatever. I'd generally go with the 990 Pro 2TB as a very good laptop pick. It can get a bit warm under sustained loads, but those aren't normally a real problem with SOHO use.
    Reply
  • newtechldtech
    Please make the table active , so we can sort them according to different specs. (I/O , seq read , seq write , etc) and add arrows for ascending / descending ....
    Reply
  • JarredWaltonGPU
    newtechldtech said:
    Please make the table active , so we can sort them according to different specs. (I/O , seq read , seq write , etc) and add arrows for ascending / descending ....
    Sadly, like so may things, that's not supported with our CMS. Sigh.
    Reply
  • Order 66
    JarredWaltonGPU said:
    Sadly, like so may things, that's not supported with our CMS. Sigh.
    CMS? I am surprised that it is not supported since that seems like a fairly basic feature.
    Reply
  • Soaptrail
    JarredWaltonGPU said:
    Unfortunately, it's not a Tom's Hardware decision but a Future decision. But we did set the "wide" layout after the initial publishing, so give it a look now and it should be much better.

    I've just added a "Specifications" column that links to the appropriate review — there are a few drives that haven't been reviewed yet (pending), but everything else should have most of the details you want.

    Temperatures aren't something we've really delved into, though I've collected the data on all of the more recent tests. The TLDR is that any motherboard with a decent heatsink, or a case setup where there's a fan blowing air over the SSD, should be fine. If you have a Gen5 drive without a HS, or covered by a hot graphics card and in a case with restricted airflow, yeah, they can get hot and throttle. But then is that an SSD problem or a system problem? I generally point to the latter, and it's why I don't much care for mini-ITX builds personally.
    Thank you. I figured it was not your fault and instead a decision the higher ups with no skin in the game that frustrates you and your colleagues as much as us readers.
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