Page 2:Packaging, Contents, Exterior And Cabling
Page 3:A Look Inside And Component Analysis
Page 4:Load Regulation, Hold-Up Time And Inrush Current
Page 5:Efficiency, Temperature And Noise
Page 6:Cross-Load Tests And Infrared Images
Page 7:Transient Response Tests
Page 8:Ripple Measurements
Page 9:Performance, Performance Per Dollar, Noise And Efficiency Ratings
Page 10:Pros, Cons And Final Verdict
A Look Inside And Component Analysis
Before proceeding with this page, we strongly encourage you to a look at our PSUs 101 article, which provides valuable information about PSUs and their operation, allowing you to better understand the components we're about to discuss. Our main tools for disassembling PSUs are a Thermaltronics soldering and rework station, and a Hakko 808 desoldering gun.
|Transient Filter||4x Y caps, 2x X caps, 3x CM chokes, 1x GTD|
|APFC MOSFETs||2x JCS18N50FH (500V, 11A @ 100 °C, 0.27 ohm)|
|APFC Boost Diode||1x STMicroelectronics STTH8R06FP (600V, 8A @ 85 °C)|
|Hold-up Cap(s)||1x Teapo (420V, 330uF, 2000h @ 85 °C, LH)|
|Primary Switchers||Main FET: 1x Infineon SPA11N80C3 (800V, 7.1A @ 100 °C, 0.45 ohm)|
Reset FET: CEP03N8 (800V, 2A @ 100 °C, 4.8 ohm)
|Combo APFC/PWM Controller||FSP6600|
|Topology||Primary side: Active Clamp Reset Forward (ACRF)|
Secondary side: Synchronous Rectification
|+12V MOSFETs||2x FETs|
|5V & 3.3V||4x Infineon IPD060N03L G (30V, 50A @ 100 °C, 6 mOhm)|
|Filtering Capacitors||Electrolytics: Teapo (2000h~3000h @ 105 °C, SC) |
Polymer: CapXon (modular board)
|Supervisor IC||WT7527 (PG, OVP, UVP, OCP, SCP)|
|Fan Model||BQ QF1-12025-MS (120mm, 12V, 0.30A, 52 CFM, 1800 RPM, Sleeve Bearing)|
|Rectifier||1x CEF02N7G (700V, 1.3A @ 100 °C, 6.75 Ohm)|
The Pure Power 9 line is actually based on the FSP Raider platform, a budget version of the FSP Aurum design. The topology used in this unit is referred to as Active Clamp Reset Forward (ACRF), which offers high efficiency and lower production cost since it doesn't need extra components like an LLC resonant converter. In low-capacity ACRF designs, two FETs are used. One of them is the main switcher (Q1) while the other one is the reset switch (Q2). It's responsible for disconnecting the clamp capacitor while Q1 is active. Power is transferred from the primary side to the secondary one only when Q2 is open. ACRF's strongest advantage is the almost lossless switching of Q1; while it's off, the drain voltage is very low.
When Q1 is active, voltage is applied to T1, meaning that power is transferred from the primary side to the secondary side. When Q2 (also called the auxiliary FET) is active, clamp voltage is applied to T1. The larger the clamp capacitor (C1), the lower the ripple voltage. However, a higher-capacity C1 also slows transient response. So striking the right balance is of crucial importance in an ACRF design.
On the secondary side, a synchronous design is used for rectifying the +12V rail, while there seems to be a kind of group regulation scheme for the minor rails (even though be quiet! claims they're independently regulated). To be more specific, during our tests we noticed a link between the +12V and 5V rails; only the 3.3V rail is regulated on its own. This means that under highly unbalanced loads between the +12V and 5V rails, performance is really bad.
The first part of the transient filter starts at the AC receptacle and includes two Y caps. As expected, it continues on the main PCB with two more Y caps, a pair of X caps and three CM chokes. As mentioned previously, a gas discharge tube is used instead of a metal oxide varistor. We'd actually prefer if be quiet! used an MOV instead, since it has a faster response and doesn't short circuit the input in case of a surge.
The single bridge rectifier is installed on a dedicated heat sink with its markings hidden from view.
The APFC converter uses two JCS18N50FH FETs and an STMicroelectronics STTH8R06FP boost diode. The bulk cap is provided by Teapo, and it is only only rated at 85 °C. Most manufacturers use 105 °C caps in this section, even in budget PSUs. The combo PFC/PWM controller is an FSP IC with model number FSP6600. We first encountered this IC several years ago and FSP still hasn't released any information about it.
There are two primary switching FETs. The main one is a Infineon SPA11N80C3, while the auxiliary (reset) FET is a CEP03N8. Though it has certain benefits, an ACRF platform generally cannot match the performance of other topologies, especially when it comes to transient response scenarios. On the primary heat sink, we also found a CEF02N7G FET that's most likely used by the 5VSB circuit.
According to be quiet!, the main and 5VSB transformers are glued in place to mitigate any possible vibrations that could lead to annoying coil whine. Indeed, we tried to mess with them and they wouldn't budge.
The two FETs that regulate the +12V rail are installed on a small heat sink, which is blocked by the main transformer. be quiet! boasts about its independent regulation, but we only spotted two filtering coils on the secondary side, so we doubt that's entirely true. The large coil is used by the +12V and 5V rails, meaning that they're bonded together, while the small one is used by 3.3V. If all rails were independently regulated then we'd see three coils. Our test results will prove our theory.
The minor rails are handled by four Infineon IPD060N03L G FETs installed on the solder side of the main PCB. Their PWM controller is most likely an FSP6601.
The electrolytic filtering caps are provided by Teapo; their rated life is either 2000 or 3000 hours, depending on size. Larger electrolytic caps last longer than smaller ones in the same series because they're able to dissipate heat faster thanks to larger dimensions.
On the front side of the modular board we find several polymer CapXon caps, along with some ceramic ones that provide extra ripple filtering to the DC outputs.
The supervisor IC is a Weltrend WT7527, which is installed on a vertical PCB on the secondary side. This specific IC includes all necessary protections except over-temperature protection. That's probably implemented through an external circuit.
We're not impressed with this PSU's soldering quality. And to make matters worse, we noticed several long component leads that are dangerously close to other parts of the circuit.
Here are some close shots of the mainboard's rear side showing the long leads of some components.
The fan is provided by be quiet! and its model number is QF1-12025-MS (120mm, 12V, 0.3A, 52 CFM, 1800 RPM). According to our sources, it uses a sleeve bearing and, thanks to a super relaxed fan profile, it should be inaudible under normal operating conditions.
- Packaging, Contents, Exterior And Cabling
- A Look Inside And Component Analysis
- Load Regulation, Hold-Up Time And Inrush Current
- Efficiency, Temperature And Noise
- Cross-Load Tests And Infrared Images
- Transient Response Tests
- Ripple Measurements
- Performance, Performance Per Dollar, Noise And Efficiency Ratings
- Pros, Cons And Final Verdict