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How We Test Network Switches

Introduction

Despite all of the mobile hardware that wireless connections service, the fastest wireless technologies can't compete with the fastest wired networks. A good Ethernet switch serves up exceptional performance, while enabling the features and capabilities needed to build robust home, small business and enterprise networks. If you would like to know more about how switches work, be sure to read our Network Switch 101.

Networking switches take many forms, ranging from managed and unmanaged switches to those armed with Power over Ethernet and other advanced features. There are many ways to compare and contrast networking hardware, but the Tom's Hardware team created a suite to reflect what we felt were the most important metrics: throughput and response time. Our methodology involves multiple benchmarks, some of which illustrate peak performance, and some designed to generate real-world results under plausible work conditions.

  • allenpan
    quick question what testing software is it?
    Reply
  • zodiacfml
    Nice but can we get something interesting or controversial when reviewing network switches? Increase the difficulty. Challenge yourselves; review various Wi-Fi routers especially the MU-MIMO capable.
    Reply
  • Rancifer7
    I like it, can't wait to see this put to good use on some network switches with mixed wireless too.
    Reply
  • blackmagnum
    While you're busy with this, please consider testing the different brands of lan cables as well. I've heard that the monster cables are the market benchmark.
    Reply
  • jacklongley
    17199397 said:
    quick question what testing software is it?

    It's IxChariot by Ixia (formerly by NetIQ). Frankly, not the best of testing solutions, but beggars can't be choosers.
    Reply
  • jacklongley
    17200787 said:
    While you're busy with this, please consider testing the different brands of lan cables as well. I've heard that the monster cables are the market benchmark.

    None of the tests presented will demostrate a difference with network cabling, insomuch as any cabling certified at Cat5E or above will allow the devices to operate at 1Gbps (or lower, for those devices using FastE instead).

    Cabling benchmarks are more around the available transmission headroom, i.e. which Ethernet standard will it support. You can already ascertain these from the category of cabling, e.g. Cat7 vs. Cat5.
    Reply
  • jacklongley
    Personally, I'm not impressed with the lackluster approach to testing that Tom's Hardware demonstrates for network devices. These types of tests should follow the testing methodologies laid out years ago in RFC2544.?rel=ugc]https://www.ietf.org/rfc/rfc2544.txt]RFC2544. In fact, IxChariot should already have RFC2544 options available by default.

    Perhaps Tom's should leave network testing and articles to the big boys.
    Reply
  • VTOLfreak
    I'm more upset about the hardware they are using than the software. You'd expect someone running network tests to at least bring server class network cards to the table. What are you testing here guys? The switch in question or your crappy network cards?
    Reply
  • irongnome
    I have a few metrics that I would be very interested in seeing measured.
    A. Does the switch have adequate buffers/properly implemented flow control. This comes in to play when you mix FastEthernet and Gigabit on the same network.
    B. Full Line Rate and Latency Test using a snake topology. Eg. Ports 1 and 2 on VLAN 1, Ports 3 and 4 on VLAN 2, Ports 5 and 6 on VLAN 3, etc. With a patch cable bridge 2 and 3, 4 and 5, etc. Connect the test machines to the first and last port. This will load the switch to its absolute capacity while only requiring two endpoints.
    C. Power consumption.
    Reply
  • DrakeFS
    While you're busy with this, please consider testing the different brands of lan cables as well. I've heard that the monster cables are the market benchmark.

    I truly hope you are being sarcastic, as networking is a digital signal. As a previous poster stated, if the cable is rated at 5e or above, it will serve up to 1Gbs of bandwidth. 6 and 6a will serve up to 10Gbs of bandwidth. The only thing that a Monster cable may have better than your average 5e ethernet cable, is that they may be terminated within tighter specifications. Still, this will not affect most consumers as the bottle neck will be your ISP speeds(unless you are one of the lucky ones with >= 1Gbs service). If you need to do a lot of cabling (or some really long cables), I suggest purchasing a 1000ft roll of 5e or 6a, some RJ45 terminators and a crimping tool. You will save $$$ in the end.
    Reply