GPU Performance Hierarchy: Video Cards Ranked

When you want to run games or do high-end creative work like 4K video editing, your graphics card plays the biggest role in determining performance. Get a good GPU, and you can play recent games at smooth frame rates; get one of the best GPUs for gaming and you can enjoy those games at high resolution, with the special effects turned up. 

To help you decide which graphics card you need, we've developed the GPU hierarchy below, which ranks all the current chips from fastest to slowest. For comparison purposes, we've assigned each a score where the fastest card gets 100 and all others are graded relative to it. These numbers are based on the geometric mean frames per second (fps) from our Far Cry 5, Forza Motorsport 7 and Ashes of the Singularity: Escalation benchmarks, giving us a good mix of game genres and APIs.

News and Product Updates

This week, Nvidia announced the Titan RTX, a new top-end Turing-based card that straddles the line between consumer and professional audiences. With a beefed-up CUDA core count over the GeForce RTX 2080 Ti, extra Tensor and RT cores, and 24GB of GDDR6, it’s certainly a powerhouse, both for gaming and professional compute tasks. But with a price tag of $2499USD, £2400 or $4000 AUD, the Titan RTX will be a hard sell for most gamers. The RTX 2080 Ti sells for $1000, £1300 or $1200 AUD less and mostly sticks close in terms of hardware specs.

We are of course interested in testing this latest Nvidia Titan card to see how it performs against its lesser RTX siblings, as well as the Titan V. The latter card actually has more CUDA cores than the Titan RTX and more Tensor cores, but it’s based on the Volta architecture and a different type of memory (12GB of HBM2).

Nvidia GeForce RTX 2080 Ti100
TU1021350/1635 MHz11GB GDDR6260W $1,199.99Best Buy
Nvidia GeForce RTX 208096.3
TU1041515/1800 MHz8GB GDDR6225W $799Nvidia
Nvidia Titan Xp
1405/1480 MHz12GB GDDR5X
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1080 Ti
1480/1582 MHz11GB GDDR5X
Nvidia GeForce RTX 207088.9
TU1061410/1710 MHz8GB GDDR6185W $599.99Best Buy
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1080
1607/1733 MHz8GB GDDR5X180W $701Newegg
AMD Radeon RX Vega 64
Vega 10
1274/1546 MHz8GB HBM2295W $679Newegg
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1070 Ti
1607/1683 MHz8GB GDDR5
AMD Radeon RX Vega 56
Vega 10
1156/1471 MHz8GB HBM2
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1070
1506/1683 MHz8GB GDDR5
AMD Radeon RX 590 8GB
Polaris 30
1469/1545 MHz8GB GDDR5225W
AMD Radeon RX 580 8GB
Polaris 10
1257/1340 MHz8GB GDDR5
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1060 6GB
1506/1708 MHz6GB GDDR5
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1060 3GB
1506/1708 MHz3GB GDDR5
AMD Radeon RX 570
Polaris 10
1168/1244 MHz4GB GDDR5
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1050 Ti
1290/1392 MHz4GB GDDR5
AMD Radeon RX 560
28.9Polaris 11
1175/1275 MHz4GB GDDR5
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1050
1354/1455 MHz2GB GDDR5
AMD Radeon RX 550
Polaris 12
1100/1183 MHz4GB GDDR5
Nvidia GeForce GT 1030
1228/1468 MHz2GB GDDR5

Nvidia’s GeForce RTX 2080 Ti is the logical choice for uncompromising 4K gaming, though if you're willing to dial-back detail settings in some games for fluid gameplay, the GeForce RTX 2080 and GeForce GTX 1080 Ti are 4K-capable as well.

The  AMD Radeon RX Vega 64 and the Nvidia GeForce GTX 1080 occupy a lower performance tier. They’re ideal for running at 2560x1440 using the highest quality presets. And as you can see, they score similarly in our index.

The GeForce GTX 1070 TiRadeon RX Vega 56 and GeForce GTX 1070 don’t land far from each other, either. All three cards are capable of great frame rates at 2560x1440, and they’re all good options for driving a VR head-mounted display.

There’s a larger group of Radeon RX 580GeForce GTX 1060 (6GB)GeForce GTX 1060 (3GB) and Radeon RX 570 boards that excel at 1920x1080. They can even be made serviceable at 2560x1440 if you dial down your detail settings far enough. But beware: insufficient GDDR5 memory on cards like the 3GB GeForce GTX 1060 may cause severe performance issues at higher resolutions. That model is usually faster than Radeon RX 570. However, because we benchmark Forza at 2560x1440 using High settings, its 3GB just aren’t enough, skewing the score lower.

The same thing happens in the next category, where GeForce GTX 1050 appears much slower than Radeon RX 560 due to the former’s 2GB of memory, hurting it in our Forza Motorsports 7 benchmark. Gaming at 1920x1080 or 1280x720 is far more realistic with these cards.

Finally, Radeon RX 550 and GeForce GT 1030 close out this generation’s hierarchy with performance well-suited to popular eSports titles.

Test System & Configuration

Test System
Intel Core i7-7700K
MSI Z270 Gaming Pro Carbon
32GB G.Skill TridentZ DDR4-3200 (4x 8GB)
500GB Crucial MX200 SSD
Operating System
Windows 10 Pro v.1803
Far Cry 5v.1.06, Fullscreen, 1920x1080, High Graphics Quality, High Texture Filtering, High Shadows, High Geometry & Vegetation, High Environment, High Water, High Terrain, High Volumetric Fog, TAA Anti-Aliasing, Motion Blur On
Ashes of the Singularity: Escalationv.2.7532453, High Quality Profile, 2560x1440, Fullscreen, DirectX 12
Forza Motorsport 7v.1.126.9433.2, Ultra Dynamic Render Quality, 2560x1440, Custom Dynamic Optimization, Fullscreen, Unlocked Performance Target, 100% Resolution Scale, 16x Anisotropic Filtering, 2x MSAA Quality, Car Headlights In Rain Off, and all other options set to High

Legacy GPU Hierarchy

Tom's Hardware readers accustomed to referencing our legacy desktop GPU hierarchy with historical comparisons dating back to the 1990s will find them below Here we group cards into performance tiers, pairing disparate generations where overlap occurs.

Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
Nvidia GeForce RTX 2080 Ti ($1,199.99 On Best Buy)
Nvidia GeForce RTX 2080 ($799 On Nvidia)

Titan Xp ($1,200 On Nvidia)
Titan X (Pascal) ($1,649.99 On Amazon)
GTX 1080 Ti ($699 On Amazon)
GTX 1080 ($559.89 On Amazon)

RX Vega 64 ($649.99 On Best Buy)

GTX Titan X (Maxwell)
GTX 1070 Ti ($469.99 On -)
GTX 1070 ($459.89 On Amazon)
980 Ti ($537.83 On Amazon)
R9 295X2
RX Vega 56 ($469.99 On Newegg)
R9 Fury X
GTX Titan Black
GTX 980 ($539.99 On Amazon)
GTX 690
R9 Fury
R9 Fury Nano
GTX Titan
GTX 1060 ($249.99 On Newegg)
GTX 970
GTX 780 Ti
GTX 780
RX 580 ($296.89 On Amazon)
RX 570 ($229.89 On Amazon)
RX 480 ($194.97 On Amazon)
RX 470 ($204.00 On Amazon)
R9 390X ($429.99 On Amazon)
R9 390 ($319.99 On Newegg)
R9 290X
R9 290
HD 7990
GTX 770
GTX 680
GTX 590
R9 380X
R9 380 ($229.99 On Amazon)
R9 280X
HD 7970 GHz Edition
HD 6990
GTX 1050 Ti ($157.99 On Amazon)
GTX 960 ($199.99 On Amazon)
GTX 670
GTX 580
R9 285
R9 280
HD 7950
HD 7870 LE (XT)
HD 5970
GTX 1050 ($119.99 On Amazon)
GTX 950
GTX 760
GTX 660 Ti
RX 560 ($129.99 On Amazon)
RX 460
R7 370
R9 270X
R9 270
HD 7870
GTX 660
GTX 570
GTX 480
GTX 295
R7 265
HD 7850
HD 6970
HD 4870 X2
GTX 750 Ti
GTX 650 Ti Boost
GTX 560 Ti (448 Core)
GTX 560 Ti
GTX 470
R7 260X
HD 6950
HD 5870
HD 4850 X2
GTX 750
GTX 650 Ti
GTX 560
HD 7790
HD 6870
HD 5850
GT 1030 ( On -)
GTX 465
GTX 460 (256-bit)
GTX 285
9800 GX2
RX 550 ($79.99 On Amazon)
R7 360
R7 260
HD 7770
HD 6850
GT 740 GDDR5
GT 650
GTX 560 SE
GTX 550 Ti
GTX 460 SE
GTX 460 (192-bit)
GTX 280
GTX 275
GTX 260
R7 250E
R7 250 (GDDR5)
HD 7750 (GDDR5)
HD 6790
HD 6770
HD 5830
HD 5770
HD 4890
HD 4870
GTS 450
GTS 250
9800 GTX+
9800 GTX
8800 Ultra
R7 250 (DDR3)
HD 7750 (DDR3)
HD 6750
HD 5750
HD 4850
HD 3870 X2
GT 730 (64-bit, GDDR5)
GT 545 (GDDR5)
8800 GTS (512MB)
8800 GTX
HD 4770
GT 740 DDR3
GT 640 (DDR3)
GT 545 (DDR3)
9800 GT
8800 GT (512MB)
HD 7730 (GDDR5)
HD 6670 (GDDR5)
HD 5670
HD 4830
GT 240 (GDDR5)
9600 GT
8800 GTS (640MB)
HD 6570 (GDDR5)
HD 5570 (GDDR5)
HD 3870
HD 2900 XT
GT 240 (DDR3)
9600 GSO
8800 GS
R7 240
HD 7730 (DDR3)
HD 6670 (DDR3)
HD 6570 (DDR3)
HD 5570 (DDR3)
HD 4670
HD 3850 (512MB)
GT 730 (128-bit, GDDR5)
GT 630 (GDDR5)
GT 440 (GDDR5)
8800 GTS (320MB)
8800 GT (256MB)
HD 5550 (GDDR5)
HD 3850 (256MB)
HD 2900 Pro
GT 730 (128-bit, DDR3)
GT 630 (DDR3)
GT 440 (DDR3)
7950 GX2
HD 7660D (integrated)
HD 5550 (DDR3)
HD 4650 (DDR3)
X1950 XTX
GT 530
GT 430
7900 GTX
7900 GTO
7800 GTX 512
X1900 XTX
X1950 XT
X1900 XT
GT 220 (DDR3)
7950 G
7900 GT
7800 GTX
HD 7560D (integrated)
HD 5550 (DDR2)
HD 2900 GT
X1950 Pro
X1900 GT
X1900 AIW
X1800 XT
GT 220 (DDR2)
9500 GT (GDDR3)
8600 GTS
7900 GS
7800 GT
HD 7540D (integrated)
HD 6550D (integrated)
HD 6620G (integrated)
R5 230
HD 6450
HD 4650 (DDR2)
X1950 GT
X1800 XL
9500 GT (DDR2)
8600 GT (GDDR3)
8600 GS
7800 GS
7600 GT
6800 Ultra
7480D (integrated)
6530D (integrated)
6520G (integrated)
HD 3670
HD 3650 (DDR3)
HD 2600 XT
X1800 GTO
X1650 XT
X850 XT PE
X800 XT PE
X850 XT
X800 XT
GT 520
8600 GT (DDR2)
6800 GS (PCIe)
6800 GT
6480G (integrated)
6410D (integrated)
HD 3650 (DDR2)
HD 2600 Pro
X800 GTO2/GTO16
X800 XL
6800 GS (AGP)
6380G (integrated)
6370D (integrated)
X1650 GT
X850 Pro
X800 Pro
X800 GTO (256MB)
8600M GS
7600 GS
7300 GT (GDDR3)
X1650 Pro
X1600 XT
X800 GTO (128MB)
9400 GT
8500 GT
7300 GT (DDR2)
6800 XT
6600 GT
HD 6320 (integrated)
HD 6310 (integrated)
HD 5450
HD 4550
HD 4350
HD 2400 XT
X1600 Pro
X1300 XT
X800 SE
X800 GT
X700 Pro
9800 XT
9400 (integrated)
9300 (integrated)
6600 (128-bit)
FX 5950 Ultra
FX 5900 Ultra
FX 5900
HD 6290 (integrated)
HD 6250 (integrated)
HD 4290 (integrated)
HD 4250 (integrated)
HD 4200 (integrated)
HD 3300 (integrated)
HD 3200 (integrated)
HD 2400 Pro
X1300 Pro
9800 Pro
9700 Pro
FX 5900 XT
FX 5800 Ultra
X1050 (128-bit)
X600 XT
9800 Pro (128-bit)
9600 XT
9500 Pro
G 310
G 210
8400 G
FX 5700 Ultra
4 Ti 4800
4 Ti 4600
Xpress 1250 (integrated)
HD 2300
X600 Pro
9800 LE
9600 Pro
9300M GS
9300M G
8400M GS
7300 GS
FX 5700, 6600 (64-bit)
FX 5600 Ultra
4 Ti4800 SE
4 Ti4400
4 Ti4200
X1050 (64-bit)
8300 (integrated)
8200 (integrated)
7300 LE
7200 GS
6600 LE
6200 TC
FX 5700 LE
FX 5600
FX 5200 Ultra
3 Ti500
X300 SE
9600 LE
FX 5500
FX 5200 (128-bit)
3 Ti200
FX 7050 (integrated)
FX 7025 (integrated)
FX 6150 (integrated)
FX 6100 (integrated)
FX 5200 (64-bit)
Xpress 1150 (integrated)
Xpress 1000 (integrated)
Xpress 200M (integrated)
9200 SE
2 Ti 200
2 Ti
2 Ultra
4 MX 440
2 MX 400
4 MX 420
2 MX 200
Nvidia TNTRage 128

For even more information, check out our Graphics Card Buyer's Guide.

MORE: Best Graphics

MORE: AMD Radeon RX 480 Roundup

MORE: Nvidia GeForce GTX 1060 Roundup

MORE: Nvidia GeForce GTX 1070 Roundup

MORE: Nvidia GeForce GTX 1080 Roundup

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    Your comment
  • Nintendork
    As I always say, RX570 4GB is the best gpu bang for buck or fps/dollar. Really close is the RX580 4GB.

    As the chart proves, an RX570 is more or less half a 1080ti or Xp.
  • mellis
    So if I buy a $1200 video card, I still need to need to dial back some settings? Lol, no thanks. IMHO, stick with the 1080P/1440P capable cards in your budget and wait until 4K is figured out. Not getting rid of my AMD 390X card soon it looks like.
  • mcconkeymike
    From what I've seen on performance, shouldn't the 2080, the 1080ti, Titan Xp, and Titan XP be in the same grouping and the 1080 and 1070ti be in a group, with the 1070, Titan X Maxwell and the 980ti be in a group? It appears that more thought needs put into this list and I hope you have time since I do use this as a baseline.
  • shahmetal
    Where's the benchmark per brand and per variant? Was it removed?
  • bobba84
    Nvidia = top 5 :)
  • DerekA_C
    thank god I got my 1080ti at 750ish and it is still ranked practically to 2nd place I am sure my liquid cooled 1080ti boosts itself to 2nd place with 1962mhz evga ftw3 hybrid I have yet to manual clock it but I think I can get at least 2050mhz easy and stable if I wanted to void my warranty lol
  • nufelevas
    Based on the price/performance table, here is the XY price/performance chart, showing which GPUs are the best buys, and which ones are worse:

  • shahmetal
    Anonymous said:
    Based on the price/performance table, here is the XY price/performance chart, showing which GPUs are the best buys, and which ones are worse:

    So anything along the line has equal value for price/performance ratio? Looks like 80% of the card is the same value.
  • kolohodros
    I would never go for a GPU priced over 300$, more likely a card around 200$, as I believe it's the sweet spot. Above that price point, you mainly pay extra premium for very small gains.
  • kOnG lOnG
    1080 is better and cheaper than Vega 64 .. plus you save huge on the electric bill
  • zthomas
    I got the titan xp still up there this comparison is jinxed. I was a comparison in Youtube showing 2018 ti and titan xp showing the clarity of the picture at the same time, clearly the titan was better..
  • Broadbanned
    The 1080 Ti is just a Titan GPU with a crippled memory controller. the GTX 1080 is the highest non-enthusiast GPU that Nvidia makes. Silly marketing schemes!
  • chalabam
    Anonymous said:

    So anything along the line has equal value for price/performance ratio? Looks like 80% of the card is the same value.

    it means "anything along the line has best price for a given performance / or best performance for a given price"

    Anything to the left is worst performance for a given price, or worst price for a given performance.
  • blackbearofportland
    Forgot about the Titan V.
  • blackbearofportland
    Forgot about the Titan V.
  • tmas.css
    Radeon vega 64 400-500$, please fix your post
  • 80-watt Hamster
    Possible chart error: Cards are listed in descending score order, except the 1060 3GB at 43.6 is above the 570's 49.5; are the scores or positions swapped?
  • turgaism
    Competely agree with the post below! Please keep the GPU Performance Hierarchy Table going! It is brilliant and I refer to this table very often.

    MARKBANANG 1 month ago
    Please don't give up on the GPU Performance Hierarchy Table. I see it's now been renamed "Legacy GPU Hierarchy", so I hope that doesn't mean you intend to stop updating it.

    For many years this table has been the single best resource for quickly comparing graphics cards. Detailed reviews are great for comparing cards within a category, but for quickly dismissing a card or prompting further research, there is nothing else on the web which compares to it. It would be a real shame for it to fall into neglect.
  • Big_g1976
    The MSI 580 card listed on sale at New Egg doesn't have 8gb of memory. When you click the link it takes you to a 4gb card.