GPU Performance Hierarchy 2019: Video Cards Ranked

Credit: Song_about_summer/ShutterstockCredit: Song_about_summer/Shutterstock

When you want to run games or do high-end creative work like 4K video editing, your graphics card plays the biggest role in determining performance. Get a good GPU, and you can play recent games at smooth frame rates; get one of the best GPUs for gaming and you can enjoy those games at high resolution, with the special effects turned all the way up. 

To help you decide which graphics card you need, we've developed the GPU hierarchy below, which ranks all the current chips from fastest to slowest. For comparison purposes, we've assigned each a score where the fastest card gets 100 and all others are graded relative to it. These numbers are based on the geometric mean frames per second (fps) from our Far Cry 5, Forza Horizon 4 and Ashes of the Singularity: Escalation benchmarks, giving us a good mix of game genres and APIs.

If you're curious about how your last-generation Nvidia Pascal (10-series) card will handle cutting-edge ray tracing effects, check out our Ray Tracing On Nvidia’s Pascal Architecture, Benchmarked. Just keep in mind there were only a handful games (and a few demos) available with ray tracing support when we wrote this, although several new titles were announced at E3. Future ray tracing-enabled games may be more (or less) demanding.
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For those who don't need a new card right this minute, at Computex 2019, AMD's CEO Lisa Su revealed more details about its upcoming Navi cards, including branding, which will be Radeon RX 5000 series. AMD revealed many more details about the RX 5700 XT flagship and the lesser RX 5700 during E3. While we expect these cards to compete primarily with Nvidia's RTX 2070 and RTX 2060, we'll have to wait for full performance details (and official pricing) until we get closer to July 7, when the cards are slated to officially launch. And of course, we expect Nvidia to respond to Navi with either new hardware or price cuts (or both). While it's unclear at this point exactly what that will be, according to Nvidia, it will be "Super." The summer and fall of 2019 could be a very interesting time for gamers and graphics card enthusiasts. 


Score
GPU
Base/Boost
Memory
Power
Buy
Nvidia Titan RTX100TU1021350/1770 MHz24GB GDDR6280W $2499.00Amazon
Nvidia GeForce RTX 2080 Ti98.4
TU1021350/1635 MHz11GB GDDR6260W $2499.00Amazon
Nvidia GeForce RTX 208096.1
TU1041515/1800 MHz8GB GDDR6225W $745.99Walmart
Nvidia Titan X
96.0
GP102
1405/1480 MHz12GB GDDR5X
250W
$799.99Amazon
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1080 Ti
96.0GP102
1480/1582 MHz11GB GDDR5X
250W
$999.77Amazon
AMD Radeon VII
92.4Vega 20
1400/1750 MHz
16GB HBM2
300W
$885.00Amazon
Nvidia GeForce RTX 207087.2
TU1061410/1710 MHz8GB GDDR6185W $449.99Amazon
AMD Radeon RX Vega 64
84.4
Vega 10
1274/1546 MHz8GB HBM2295W $399.99Newegg
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1080
84.3
GP104
1607/1733 MHz
8GB GDDR5X
295W
$699.99Amazon
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1070 Ti
78.5
GP104
1607/1683 MHz8GB GDDR5
180W
$604.99Amazon
Nvidia GeForce RTX 206077.6TU1061365/1680 MHz6GB GDDR6160W $359.99Newegg
AMD Radeon RX Vega 56
76.7
Vega 10
1156/1471 MHz8GB HBM2
210W
$1069.61Amazon
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1660 Ti
71.4TU116
1365/1680 MHz
6GB GDDR6
120W
$269.99Walmart
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1070
69.9
GP104
1506/1683 MHz8GB GDDR5
150W
$484.95Amazon
Nvidia GeForce GTX 166063.6
TU1161530/1785 MHz6GB GDDR5120W $234.99Walmart
AMD Radeon RX 590 8GB
60.7
Polaris 30
1469/1545 MHz8GB GDDR5225W
$215.99Walmart
AMD Radeon RX 580 8GB
57.9
Polaris 10
1257/1340 MHz8GB GDDR5
185W
$212.00Amazon
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1060 6GB
53.2GP106
1506/1708 MHz6GB GDDR5
120W
$249.99Monoprice.com
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1060 3GB
49.4
GP106
1506/1708 MHz3GB GDDR5
120W
$199.99eBay
AMD Radeon RX 570 4GB
48.3
Polaris 10
1168/1244 MHz4GB GDDR5
150W
$183.61Walmart
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1650 4GB42.2TU117
1485/1665 MHz
4GB GDDR5
75W $149.99Walmart
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1050 Ti
33.1
GP107
1290/1392 MHz4GB GDDR5
75W
$349.22Walmart
AMD Radeon RX 560
28.6Polaris 11
1175/1275 MHz4GB GDDR5
80W
$109.99Newegg
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1050
28.1
GP107
1354/1455 MHz2GB GDDR5
75W
$139Newegg
AMD Radeon RX 550
17.9
Polaris 12
1100/1183 MHz4GB GDDR5
50W
$153.69Newegg
Nvidia GeForce GT 1030
13.0
GP108
1228/1468 MHz2GB GDDR5
30W
$91.89Walmart

Nvidia’s GeForce RTX 2080 Ti is the logical choice for uncompromising 4K gaming, though if you're willing to dial-back detail settings in some games for fluid gameplay, the Vega 7  GeForce RTX 2080 and GeForce GTX 1080 Ti are 4K-capable as well.

The AMD Radeon RX Vega 64 and the Nvidia GeForce GTX 1080 occupy a lower performance tier. They’re ideal for running at 2560x1440 using the highest quality presets. And as you can see, they score similarly in our index.

The GeForce RTX 2060GeForce GTX 1070 TiRadeon RX Vega 56 and GeForce GTX 1070 don’t land far from each other, either. All four cards are capable of great frame rates at 2560x1440, and they’re all good options for driving a VR head-mounted display.

There’s a larger group of Radeon RX 590Radeon RX 580, GeForce GTX 1060 (6GB)GeForce GTX 1060 (3GB), GeForce GTX 1650 and Radeon RX 570 boards that excel at 1920x1080. They can even be made serviceable at 2560x1440 if you dial down your detail settings far enough. But beware: insufficient GDDR5 memory on cards like the 3GB GeForce GTX 1060 may cause severe performance issues at higher resolutions.

This also affects the next category, where GeForce GTX 1050 appears slower than Radeon RX 560 due to the former’s 2GB of memory, hurting it in some games, like Forza. Gaming at 1920x1080 or 1280x720 is far more realistic with these cards.

Finally, Radeon RX 550 and GeForce GT 1030 close out this generation’s hierarchy with performance well-suited to popular eSports titles.

Test System & Configuration

Test System
Processor
Intel Core i7-7700K
Motherboard
MSI Z270 Gaming Pro Carbon
Memory
32GB G.Skill TridentZ DDR4-3200 (4x 8GB)
Storage
500GB Crucial MX200 SSD
Operating System
Windows 10 Pro v.1803
Games
Far Cry 5v.1.06, Fullscreen, 1920x1080, High Graphics Quality, High Texture Filtering, High Shadows, High Geometry & Vegetation, High Environment, High Water, High Terrain, High Volumetric Fog, TAA Anti-Aliasing, Motion Blur On
Ashes of the Singularity: Escalationv.2.7532453, High Quality Profile, 2560x1440, Fullscreen, DirectX 12
Forza Horizon 4v.1.264.748.2, Ultra Dynamic Render Quality, 1920x1080, Ultra Quality Preset, Fullscreen, Unlocked Performance Target, 100% Resolution Scale, 16x Anisotropic Filtering, 2x MSAA Quality

Legacy GPU Hierarchy

Tom's Hardware readers accustomed to referencing our legacy desktop GPU hierarchy with historical comparisons dating back to the 1990s will find them below Here we group cards into performance tiers, pairing disparate generations where overlap occurs.

Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
Nvidia Titan RTX ($2499.00 On Amazon)
Nvidia GeForce RTX 2080 ($745.99 On Walmart)

Nvidia Titan XP ($1690.00 On Walmart Marketplace)
Titan X (Pascal) ($1,649.99 On Amazon)
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1080 Ti ($899.99 On Amazon)
Asus GTX 1080 ($899.00 On Walmart)


AMD RX Vega 64 ($499.99 On Amazon)

GTX Titan X (Maxwell)
GTX 1070 Ti ($469.99 On -)
Nvidia EVGA GTX 1070 ($528.00 On Amazon)
Nvidia GeForce GTX 980 Ti ($431.60 On Amazon)
R9 295X2
RX Vega 56 ($469.99 On Newegg)
R9 Fury X
GTX Titan Black
GTX 980 ($539.99 On Amazon)
GTX 690
R9 Fury
R9 Fury Nano
GTX Titan
GTX 1060 ($249.99 On Newegg)
GTX 970
GTX 780 Ti
GTX 780
AMD Radeon RX 580 ($219.99 On Walmart)
MSI RX 570 Gaming X 4G ($219.99 On Walmart)
RX 480 ($194.97 On Amazon)
Radeon RX 470 4GB ($299.99 On Amazon)
R9 390X ($429.99 On Amazon)
Radeon R9 390 ($499.00 On Amazon)
R9 290X
R9 290
HD 7990
GTX 770
GTX 680
GTX 590
R9 380X
AMD Radeon R9 380 ($338.99 On Walmart Marketplace)
R9 280X
HD 7970 GHz Edition
HD 6990
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1050 ($137.54 On Amazon)
GTX 960 ($199.99 On Amazon)
GTX 670
GTX 580
R9 285
R9 280
HD 7950
HD 7870 LE (XT)
HD 5970
Geforce GTX 1050 ($89.80 On Amazon)
GTX 950
GTX 760
GTX 660 Ti
MSI RX 560 4G Aero ($164.21 On Walmart)
RX 460
R7 370
R9 270X
R9 270
HD 7870
GTX 660
GTX 570
GTX 480
GTX 295
R7 265
HD 7850
HD 6970
HD 4870 X2
GTX 750 Ti
GTX 650 Ti Boost
GTX 560 Ti (448 Core)
GTX 560 Ti
GTX 470
R7 260X
HD 6950
HD 5870
HD 4850 X2
GTX 750
GTX 650 Ti
GTX 560
HD 7790
HD 6870
HD 5850
GT 1030 ( On -)
GTX 465
GTX 460 (256-bit)
GTX 285
9800 GX2
RX 550 ($79.99 On Amazon)
R7 360
R7 260
HD 7770
HD 6850
GT 740 GDDR5
GT 650
GTX 560 SE
GTX 550 Ti
GTX 460 SE
GTX 460 (192-bit)
GTX 280
GTX 275
GTX 260
R7 250E
R7 250 (GDDR5)
HD 7750 (GDDR5)
HD 6790
HD 6770
HD 5830
HD 5770
HD 4890
HD 4870
GTS 450
GTS 250
9800 GTX+
9800 GTX
8800 Ultra
R7 250 (DDR3)
HD 7750 (DDR3)
HD 6750
HD 5750
HD 4850
HD 3870 X2
GT 730 (64-bit, GDDR5)
GT 545 (GDDR5)
8800 GTS (512MB)
8800 GTX
HD 4770
GT 740 DDR3
GT 640 (DDR3)
GT 545 (DDR3)
9800 GT
8800 GT (512MB)
HD 7730 (GDDR5)
HD 6670 (GDDR5)
HD 5670
HD 4830
GT 240 (GDDR5)
9600 GT
8800 GTS (640MB)
HD 6570 (GDDR5)
HD 5570 (GDDR5)
HD 3870
HD 2900 XT
GT 240 (DDR3)
9600 GSO
8800 GS
R7 240
HD 7730 (DDR3)
HD 6670 (DDR3)
HD 6570 (DDR3)
HD 5570 (DDR3)
HD 4670
HD 3850 (512MB)
GT 730 (128-bit, GDDR5)
GT 630 (GDDR5)
GT 440 (GDDR5)
8800 GTS (320MB)
8800 GT (256MB)
HD 5550 (GDDR5)
HD 3850 (256MB)
HD 2900 Pro
GT 730 (128-bit, DDR3)
GT 630 (DDR3)
GT 440 (DDR3)
7950 GX2
HD 7660D (integrated)
HD 5550 (DDR3)
HD 4650 (DDR3)
X1950 XTX
GT 530
GT 430
7900 GTX
7900 GTO
7800 GTX 512
X1900 XTX
X1950 XT
X1900 XT
GT 220 (DDR3)
7950 G
7900 GT
7800 GTX
HD 7560D (integrated)
HD 5550 (DDR2)
HD 2900 GT
X1950 Pro
X1900 GT
X1900 AIW
X1800 XT
GT 220 (DDR2)
9500 GT (GDDR3)
8600 GTS
7900 GS
7800 GT
HD 7540D (integrated)
HD 6550D (integrated)
HD 6620G (integrated)
R5 230
HD 6450
HD 4650 (DDR2)
X1950 GT
X1800 XL
9500 GT (DDR2)
8600 GT (GDDR3)
8600 GS
7800 GS
7600 GT
6800 Ultra
7480D (integrated)
6530D (integrated)
6520G (integrated)
HD 3670
HD 3650 (DDR3)
HD 2600 XT
X1800 GTO
X1650 XT
X850 XT PE
X800 XT PE
X850 XT
X800 XT
GT 520
8600 GT (DDR2)
6800 GS (PCIe)
6800 GT
6480G (integrated)
6410D (integrated)
HD 3650 (DDR2)
HD 2600 Pro
X800 GTO2/GTO16
X800 XL
6800 GS (AGP)
6380G (integrated)
6370D (integrated)
X1650 GT
X850 Pro
X800 Pro
X800 GTO (256MB)
8600M GS
7600 GS
7300 GT (GDDR3)
6800
X1650 Pro
X1600 XT
X800 GTO (128MB)
X800
9400 GT
8500 GT
7300 GT (DDR2)
6800 XT
6800LE
6600 GT
HD 6320 (integrated)
HD 6310 (integrated)
HD 5450
HD 4550
HD 4350
HD 2400 XT
X1600 Pro
X1300 XT
X800 SE
X800 GT
X700 Pro
9800 XT
9400 (integrated)
9300 (integrated)
6600 (128-bit)
FX 5950 Ultra
FX 5900 Ultra
FX 5900
HD 6290 (integrated)
HD 6250 (integrated)
HD 4290 (integrated)
HD 4250 (integrated)
HD 4200 (integrated)
HD 3300 (integrated)
HD 3200 (integrated)
HD 2400 Pro
X1550
X1300 Pro
X700
9800 Pro
9800
9700 Pro
9700
FX 5900 XT
FX 5800 Ultra
X1050 (128-bit)
X600 XT
9800 Pro (128-bit)
9600 XT
9500 Pro
G 310
G 210
8400 G
8300
6200
FX 5700 Ultra
4 Ti 4800
4 Ti 4600
Xpress 1250 (integrated)
HD 2300
X600 Pro
9800 LE
9600 Pro
9300M GS
9300M G
8400M GS
7300 GS
FX 5700, 6600 (64-bit)
FX 5600 Ultra
4 Ti4800 SE
4 Ti4400
4 Ti4200
X1050 (64-bit)
X300
9600
9550
9500
8300 (integrated)
8200 (integrated)
7300 LE
7200 GS
6600 LE
6200 TC
FX 5700 LE
FX 5600
FX 5200 Ultra
3 Ti500
X1150
X300 SE
9600 LE
9100
8500
FX 5500
FX 5200 (128-bit)
3 Ti200
3
9250
9200
9000
FX 7050 (integrated)
FX 7025 (integrated)
FX 6150 (integrated)
FX 6100 (integrated)
FX 5200 (64-bit)
Xpress 1150 (integrated)
Xpress 1000 (integrated)
Xpress 200M (integrated)
9200 SE
2 Ti 200
2 Ti
2 Ultra
4 MX 440
2 GTS
7500
2 MX 400
4 MX 420
2 MX 200
256
7200
7000
DDR
LE
SDR
Nvidia TNTRage 128


For even more information, check out our Graphics Card Buyer's Guide.

MORE: Best Graphics

MORE: How to Stress-Test Graphics Cards (Like We Do)

MORE: AMD Radeon RX 480 Roundup

MORE: Nvidia GeForce GTX 1060 Roundup

MORE: Nvidia GeForce GTX 1070 Roundup

MORE: Nvidia GeForce GTX 1080 Roundup

Want to comment on this story? Let us know what you think in the Tom's Hardware Forums.

15 comments
    Your comment
  • jared.s.heath
    This needs to be updated to have new tiers for the 20xx cards.
  • notea
    2080Ti and Titan RTX should be above the 2080, and the 2080 should be in the Titan Xp, 1080Ti section
  • tyler.rorvig
    Can we get the RX 2060 put on the list?
  • chalabam
    Quote:
    Can we get the RX 2060 put on the list?

    THAT!

    And also the radeon VII
  • chalabam
    Quote:
    Here is a resource to help you judge if a graphics card is a reasonable value: The gaming GPU hierarchy chart groups GPUs by performance. Desktop GPU Performance Hierarchy Table : Read more

    Comments had been disabled on the articles. At least on PC. I didn't checked in mobile. I used many different browsers.
  • cryoburner
    Was someone drinking while updating the chart again? : P

    Considering a 2080 is only slightly faster than a 1080 Ti, it seems a bit weird placing them in different tiers in the legacy chart. And why is the 2080 grouped in with the 2080 Ti, which can be upward of 30% faster at high resolutions? Likewise, it the 1080 shouldn't be with the 1080 Ti, as there's a similar performance difference between those two as well. And seeing as the RTX 2070, 2060, RX 590 and Radeon VII are not included in that chart, I take it these weird groupings may have been this way for a while. I think there needs to be a couple more tiers tucked in there.

    Also, since when does Vega 64 have a 180 watt TDP? That would be lower than Vega 56, or even the RX 580.
  • COLGeek
    Please see here: https://forums.tomshardware.com/threads/gpu-hierarchy-chart-power-column-is-broken.3455978/#post-20903004

    There appears to be a few discrepancies regarding the wattage requirements of some GPUs. Thank you.
  • willz06jw
    On the legacy GPU Hierarchy list the 1080 has a price next to it that is too high (999) -- it is different than the price up top.

    Thanks for these lists
    Will
  • cryoburner
    Quote:
    On the legacy GPU Hierarchy list the 1080 has a price next to it that is too high (999) -- it is different than the price up top.

    I believe those prices are automated through their referral link system, based on the current price of a particular model of card on Amazon. Being a previous-gen card that is no longer manufactured and now in short supply, the price of buying one new will have a lot of variance. Even the link up top currently showing $855 is grossly overpriced. There is little point in buying a GTX 1080 that has its price marked up higher than an RX 2080, especially since even an RX 2070 would be a bit faster. At this point, they should just remove the referral links for anything but the current generation of cards.

    In any case, the legacy list itself has been a bit of a mess lately. As I mentioned back in February, the 2080 and 2080 Ti are still listed together in the same performance tier, while the 1080 and 1080 Ti are in another, despite those cards having a notable difference in performance between them. The 2080 should be dropped into the 1080 Ti's tier, the 1080 (and Vega 64) should be dropped into the 1070 Ti's tier, and the 1070 and 980 Ti should be dropped into another tier. And of course, none of the new cards have been added to the legacy list since the 2080 launched half a year ago.

    This list was nice to have as a rough comparison of how graphics cards compared across generations, but at this point, especially seeing as it's been neglected lately, there are better options. One can go to UserBenchmark, enter their GPU section, and sort the list by "average bench %" to get a more complete overview of how graphics cards roughly compare to one another. And that list also includes entries for mobile and integrated graphics hardware.
  • SgtScream
    Snagged a used GTX 1080ti off eBay right when the 2000 series RTX cards were released. One of the best choices I ever made in the hardware component market category.
  • allenpan
    where is Titan V?
  • Markor
    This chart is getting ridiculous. Article is useless without up-to-date comparison chart.
    UPDATE THE HIERERCHY!!
    I will stop coming to Tom's hardware site alltogether if chart is not updated.
    What's of use writing an article, if chart is not updated??
    Why calling it "legacy", when you don't put newest graphics you by the way KNOW how they perform and write about and avoid mentioning in chart?
    Where is RX 590 in chart?
    And for YEARS Topm's hardware intentionally avoid putting Intel integrated graphics to compare on the chart/hierarchy.
    I bet Nvidia (and possibly Amd) pays a good money not ot mention Intel graphics...
    That said, won't be counting on whole Tom's hardware site for ANY article until this is fixed...
  • cryoburner
    Quote:
    I bet Nvidia (and possibly Amd) pays a good money not ot mention Intel graphics...

    I kind of doubt that, considering how far Intel's integrated graphics perform below even the lowest-end current-generation dedicated cards from AMD or Nvidia. If anything, including Intel's graphics chipsets would encourage people to upgrade to a better card from AMD or Nvidia. : P

    I'm sure Intel's dedicated cards will be included in at least the new list once they release them, probably some time next year. Until then, integrated graphics is all Intel has to offer in the consumer space, and the performance of such graphics chipsets can be heavily dependent on how the system's memory is configured among other things.

    I agree that the hierarchy list is a mess though, and could definitely benefit from some updates.
  • johnvosh
    @ChrisAngelini ...... The title date says that it was update June 3, 2019, but why has the Legacy GPU Hierarchy not been updated. Your update date is a lie. The chart used to be updated on a regular basis, now it hasn't been updated in many months. Please tell us why you are refusing to update the chart when so many people use it!