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GPU Benchmarks and Hierarchy 2022: Graphics Cards Ranked

GPU Benchmarks and Performance Hierarchy
(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Our GPU benchmarks hierarchy ranks all the current and previous generation graphics cards by performance, including all of the best graphics cards. Whether it's playing games or doing high-end creative work like 4K video editing, your graphics card typically plays the biggest role in determining performance, and even the best CPUs for Gaming take a secondary role.

We've revamped our GPU testbed and updated all of our benchmarks for 2022, and are now finished retesting nearly every graphics card from the past several generations, plus some even older GPUs. Our full GPU hierarchy using traditional rendering comes first, and below that we have our ray tracing GPU benchmarks hierarchy. Those of course require a ray tracing capable GPU so only AMD's RX 6000-series and Nvidia's RTX cards are present.

Our latest additions to the tables are AMD's Radeon RX 6400, a "true budget" graphics card, which looks good compared to Nvidia's GeForce GTX 1630. About the only dedicated GPU we're currently missing is Intel's Arc A380 (better video codec support, probably faster than the 1630 as well, but slower than RX 6400), plus the other Arc GPUs when those launch.

Below our main tables, you'll find our 2020–2021 benchmark suite, which has all of the previous generation GPUs running our older test suite running on a Core i9-9900K testbed. We also have the legacy GPU hierarchy (without benchmarks) at the bottom of the article for reference purposes.

The following tables sort everything solely by our performance-based GPU gaming benchmarks, at 1080p "ultra" for the main suite and at 1080p "medium" for the DXR suite. Factors including price, graphics card power consumption, overall efficiency, and features aren't factored into the rankings here. We've now added the latest AMD RX 6950 XT, RX 6750 XT, and RX 6650 XT to the charts, along with the RTX 3090 Ti. All of those use custom third-party AIC models with factory overclocks, so they're not quite on the same playing field as the rest of the reference cards.

We're still waiting for the Intel Arc Alchemist desktop release, but otherwise we're now looking forward to the Nvidia Ada and AMD RDNA 3 architectures. We shouldn't have too long to wait at this point.

We've switched to a new Alder Lake Core i9-12900K testbed, changed up our test suite, and retested all of the past several generations of GPUs. Now let's hit the benchmarks and tables.

GPU Benchmarks Ranking 2022

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

For our latest benchmarks, we test all GPUs at 1080p medium and 1080p ultra, and sort the table by the 1080p ultra results. Where it makes sense, we also test at 1440p ultra and 4K ultra. All of the scores are scaled relative to the top-ranking 1080p ultra card, which in our new suite is the Radeon RX 6950 XT (at least at 1080p and 1440p).

You can also see the above summary chart showing the relative performance of the cards we've tested across the past several generations of hardware at 1080p ultra. There are a few missing options (e.g., the GTX 1650 GDDR6, GT 1030, and several Titan cards), but otherwise it's nearly complete now.

The eight games we're using for our standard GPU benchmarks hierarchy are Borderlands 3 (DX12), Far Cry 6 (DX12), Flight Simulator (DX12), Forza Horizon 5 (DX12), Horizon Zero Dawn (DX12), Red Dead Redemption 2 (Vulkan), Total War Warhammer 3 (DX11), and Watch Dogs Legion (DX12). The fps score is the geometric mean (equal weighting) of the eight games.

Graphics Card1080p Ultra1080p Medium1440p Ultra4K UltraSpecifications
Radeon RX 6950 XT100.0% (137.3fps)100.0% (190.1fps)100.0% (115.4fps)100.0% (70.3fps)Navi 21, 5120 shaders, 2310MHz, 16GB GDDR6@18Gbps, 576GB/s, 335W
GeForce RTX 3090 Ti96.5% (132.4fps)94.8% (180.1fps)98.7% (113.9fps)107.6% (75.7fps)GA102, 10752 shaders, 1860MHz, 24GB GDDR6X@21Gbps, 1008GB/s, 450W
Radeon RX 6900 XT (opens in new tab)94.5% (129.7fps)97.1% (184.6fps)91.4% (105.5fps)89.7% (63.1fps)Navi 21, 5120 shaders, 2250MHz, 16GB GDDR6@16Gbps, 512GB/s, 300W
GeForce RTX 3090 (opens in new tab)92.2% (126.6fps)93.7% (178.1fps)92.3% (106.5fps)97.8% (68.8fps)GA102, 10496 shaders, 1695MHz, 24GB GDDR6X@19.5Gbps, 936GB/s, 350W
GeForce RTX 3080 12GB (opens in new tab)90.7% (124.5fps)93.8% (178.2fps)90.1% (104.0fps)94.3% (66.3fps)GA102, 8960 shaders, 1845MHz, 12GB GDDR6X@19Gbps, 912GB/s, 400W
Radeon RX 6800 XT (opens in new tab)90.0% (123.5fps)94.2% (179.1fps)86.5% (99.8fps)83.2% (58.5fps)Navi 21, 4608 shaders, 2250MHz, 16GB GDDR6@16Gbps, 512GB/s, 300W
GeForce RTX 3080 Ti (opens in new tab)89.9% (123.4fps)92.0% (174.9fps)89.6% (103.4fps)94.5% (66.5fps)GA102, 10240 shaders, 1665MHz, 12GB GDDR6X@19Gbps, 912GB/s, 350W
GeForce RTX 3080 (opens in new tab)84.7% (116.3fps)91.2% (173.4fps)82.8% (95.5fps)86.2% (60.6fps)GA102, 8704 shaders, 1710MHz, 10GB GDDR6X@19Gbps, 760GB/s, 320W
Radeon RX 6800 (opens in new tab)80.7% (110.7fps)90.9% (172.7fps)75.9% (87.5fps)71.9% (50.6fps)Navi 21, 3840 shaders, 2105MHz, 16GB GDDR6@16Gbps, 512GB/s, 250W
GeForce RTX 3070 Ti (opens in new tab)75.8% (104.1fps)85.4% (162.4fps)71.5% (82.6fps)66.6% (46.8fps)GA104, 6144 shaders, 1770MHz, 8GB GDDR6X@19Gbps, 608GB/s, 290W
Radeon RX 6750 XT (opens in new tab)73.7% (101.2fps)88.4% (168.0fps)65.3% (75.4fps)59.6% (41.9fps)Navi 22, 2560 shaders, 2600MHz, 12GB GDDR6@18Gbps, 432GB/s, 250W
Titan RTX (opens in new tab)73.6% (101.0fps)83.2% (158.2fps)69.7% (80.5fps)68.7% (48.3fps)TU102, 4608 shaders, 1770MHz, 24GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 672GB/s, 280W
GeForce RTX 3070 (opens in new tab)72.7% (99.8fps)82.9% (157.7fps)67.2% (77.5fps)61.4% (43.2fps)GA104, 5888 shaders, 1725MHz, 8GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 448GB/s, 220W
GeForce RTX 2080 Ti (opens in new tab)69.9% (96.0fps)79.8% (151.6fps)65.3% (75.3fps)63.4% (44.6fps)TU102, 4352 shaders, 1545MHz, 11GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 616GB/s, 250W
Radeon RX 6700 XT (opens in new tab)69.8% (95.8fps)84.1% (159.8fps)61.3% (70.8fps)56.1% (39.4fps)Navi 22, 2560 shaders, 2581MHz, 12GB GDDR6@16Gbps, 384GB/s, 230W
GeForce RTX 3060 Ti (opens in new tab)66.7% (91.5fps)78.8% (149.7fps)60.4% (69.7fps)GA104, 4864 shaders, 1665MHz, 8GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 448GB/s, 200W
GeForce RTX 2080 Super (opens in new tab)61.9% (84.9fps)72.5% (137.8fps)56.3% (64.9fps)49.1% (34.5fps)TU104, 3072 shaders, 1815MHz, 8GB GDDR6@15.5Gbps, 496GB/s, 250W
GeForce RTX 2080 (opens in new tab)59.9% (82.2fps)70.1% (133.1fps)54.1% (62.4fps)TU104, 2944 shaders, 1710MHz, 8GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 448GB/s, 215W
Radeon RX 6650 XT (opens in new tab)58.2% (79.9fps)72.8% (138.4fps)49.2% (56.7fps)Navi 23, 2048 shaders, 2635MHz, 8GB GDDR6@18Gbps, 280GB/s, 180W
Radeon RX 6600 XT (opens in new tab)56.9% (78.1fps)71.8% (136.5fps)47.6% (54.9fps)Navi 23, 2048 shaders, 2589MHz, 8GB GDDR6@16Gbps, 256GB/s, 160W
GeForce RTX 2070 Super (opens in new tab)55.7% (76.4fps)65.3% (124.1fps)49.8% (57.4fps)TU104, 2560 shaders, 1770MHz, 8GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 448GB/s, 215W
Radeon RX 5700 XT (opens in new tab)53.7% (73.7fps)66.2% (125.8fps)46.2% (53.3fps)41.6% (29.3fps)Navi 10, 2560 shaders, 1905MHz, 8GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 448GB/s, 225W
GeForce RTX 3060 (opens in new tab)51.1% (70.2fps)62.5% (118.8fps)45.6% (52.6fps)GA106, 3584 shaders, 1777MHz, 12GB GDDR6@15Gbps, 360GB/s, 170W
Radeon VII (opens in new tab)50.8% (69.7fps)60.0% (114.0fps)45.9% (53.0fps)44.7% (31.4fps)Vega 20, 3840 shaders, 1750MHz, 16GB HBM2@2.0Gbps, 1024GB/s, 300W
GeForce RTX 2070 (opens in new tab)49.5% (67.9fps)58.2% (110.7fps)44.2% (51.0fps)TU106, 2304 shaders, 1620MHz, 8GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 448GB/s, 175W
Radeon RX 6600 (opens in new tab)48.6% (66.7fps)62.0% (117.8fps)40.0% (46.1fps)Navi 23, 1792 shaders, 2491MHz, 8GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 224GB/s, 132W
GeForce GTX 1080 Ti (opens in new tab)48.5% (66.5fps)58.2% (110.6fps)43.6% (50.3fps)42.0% (29.5fps)GP102, 3584 shaders, 1582MHz, 11GB GDDR5X@11Gbps, 484GB/s, 250W
GeForce RTX 2060 Super (opens in new tab)47.4% (65.1fps)55.7% (105.9fps)41.8% (48.2fps)TU106, 2176 shaders, 1650MHz, 8GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 448GB/s, 175W
Radeon RX 5700 (opens in new tab)47.2% (64.8fps)58.5% (111.3fps)40.9% (47.2fps)Navi 10, 2304 shaders, 1725MHz, 8GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 448GB/s, 180W
Radeon RX 5600 XT (opens in new tab)42.3% (58.1fps)52.9% (100.6fps)36.4% (42.0fps)Navi 10, 2304 shaders, 1750MHz, 8GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 336GB/s, 160W
Radeon RX Vega 64 (opens in new tab)41.4% (56.8fps)49.6% (94.3fps)36.1% (41.6fps)33.4% (23.5fps)Vega 10, 4096 shaders, 1546MHz, 8GB HBM2@1.89Gbps, 484GB/s, 295W
GeForce RTX 2060 (opens in new tab)40.2% (55.2fps)50.9% (96.8fps)33.6% (38.7fps)TU106, 1920 shaders, 1680MHz, 6GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 336GB/s, 160W
GeForce GTX 1080 (opens in new tab)38.7% (53.1fps)47.3% (90.0fps)34.2% (39.4fps)GP104, 2560 shaders, 1733MHz, 8GB GDDR5X@10Gbps, 320GB/s, 180W
GeForce RTX 3050 (opens in new tab)37.5% (51.4fps)47.0% (89.4fps)32.6% (37.6fps)GA106, 2560 shaders, 1777MHz, 8GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 224GB/s, 130W
GeForce GTX 1070 Ti (opens in new tab)37.2% (51.1fps)45.1% (85.8fps)32.9% (37.9fps)GP104, 2432 shaders, 1683MHz, 8GB GDDR5@8Gbps, 256GB/s, 180W
Radeon RX Vega 56 (opens in new tab)36.9% (50.6fps)44.4% (84.4fps)32.0% (37.0fps)Vega 10, 3584 shaders, 1471MHz, 8GB HBM2@1.6Gbps, 410GB/s, 210W
GeForce GTX 1070 (opens in new tab)32.6% (44.8fps)33.7% (64.0fps)33.6% (38.8fps)GP104, 1920 shaders, 1683MHz, 8GB GDDR5@8Gbps, 256GB/s, 150W
GeForce GTX 1660 Super (opens in new tab)32.4% (44.4fps)43.6% (82.8fps)27.3% (31.5fps)TU116, 1408 shaders, 1785MHz, 6GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 336GB/s, 125W
GeForce GTX 1660 Ti (opens in new tab)32.0% (43.9fps)43.1% (81.9fps)27.4% (31.6fps)TU116, 1536 shaders, 1770MHz, 6GB GDDR6@12Gbps, 288GB/s, 120W
GeForce GTX 1660 (opens in new tab)29.1% (39.9fps)39.5% (75.1fps)24.7% (28.5fps)TU116, 1408 shaders, 1785MHz, 6GB GDDR5@8Gbps, 192GB/s, 120W
Radeon RX 5500 XT 8GB (opens in new tab)29.0% (39.8fps)38.2% (72.6fps)24.7% (28.5fps)Navi 14, 1408 shaders, 1845MHz, 8GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 224GB/s, 130W
Radeon RX 590 (opens in new tab)28.7% (39.4fps)36.1% (68.6fps)25.2% (29.1fps)Polaris 30, 2304 shaders, 1545MHz, 8GB GDDR5@8Gbps, 256GB/s, 225W
GeForce GTX 980 Ti (opens in new tab)26.1% (35.9fps)32.9% (62.6fps)23.1% (26.7fps)GM200, 2816 shaders, 1075MHz, 6GB GDDR5@7Gbps, 336GB/s, 250W
Radeon R9 Fury X (opens in new tab)25.8% (35.4fps)33.9% (64.4fps)Fiji, 4096 shaders, 1050MHz, 4GB HBM2@2Gbps, 512GB/s, 275W
Radeon RX 580 8GB (opens in new tab)25.8% (35.3fps)32.5% (61.7fps)22.5% (26.0fps)Polaris 20, 2304 shaders, 1340MHz, 8GB GDDR5@8Gbps, 256GB/s, 185W
Radeon RX 5500 XT 4GB (opens in new tab)24.4% (33.5fps)35.2% (66.9fps)Navi 14, 1408 shaders, 1845MHz, 4GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 224GB/s, 130W
GeForce GTX 1650 Super (opens in new tab)24.2% (33.2fps)35.7% (67.9fps)19.9% (23.0fps)TU116, 1280 shaders, 1725MHz, 4GB GDDR6@12Gbps, 192GB/s, 100W
GeForce GTX 1060 6GB (opens in new tab)23.5% (32.2fps)30.5% (58.0fps)20.0% (23.0fps)GP106, 1280 shaders, 1708MHz, 6GB GDDR5@8Gbps, 192GB/s, 120W
Radeon RX 6500 XT (opens in new tab)22.2% (30.4fps)34.4% (65.4fps)15.6% (18.0fps)Navi 24, 1024 shaders, 2815MHz, 4GB GDDR6@18Gbps, 144GB/s, 107W
Radeon R9 390 (opens in new tab)21.7% (29.8fps)26.9% (51.2fps)Grenada, 2560 shaders, 1000MHz, 8GB GDDR5@6Gbps, 384GB/s, 275W
GeForce GTX 980 (opens in new tab)21.1% (28.9fps)28.2% (53.7fps)GM204, 2048 shaders, 1216MHz, 4GB GDDR5@7Gbps, 256GB/s, 165W
Radeon RX 570 4GB (opens in new tab)20.6% (28.3fps)28.2% (53.6fps)17.3% (20.0fps)Polaris 20, 2048 shaders, 1244MHz, 4GB GDDR5@7Gbps, 224GB/s, 150W
GeForce GTX 1060 3GB (opens in new tab)20.2% (27.8fps)27.7% (52.6fps)GP106, 1152 shaders, 1708MHz, 3GB GDDR5@8Gbps, 192GB/s, 120W
GeForce GTX 1650 (opens in new tab)19.4% (26.6fps)26.9% (51.1fps)TU117, 896 shaders, 1665MHz, 4GB GDDR5@8Gbps, 128GB/s, 75W
GeForce GTX 970 (opens in new tab)19.3% (26.5fps)25.9% (49.1fps)GM204, 1664 shaders, 1178MHz, 4GB GDDR5@7Gbps, 256GB/s, 145W
Radeon RX 6400 (opens in new tab)17.2% (23.7fps)27.3% (52.0fps)Navi 24, 768 shaders, 2321MHz, 4GB GDDR6@16Gbps, 128GB/s, 53W
GeForce GTX 780 (opens in new tab)16.0% (22.0fps)20.3% (38.5fps)GK110, 2304 shaders, 900MHz, 3GB GDDR5@6Gbps, 288GB/s, 230W
GeForce GTX 1050 Ti (opens in new tab)14.4% (19.8fps)20.0% (38.0fps)GP107, 768 shaders, 1392MHz, 4GB GDDR5@7Gbps, 112GB/s, 75W
GeForce GTX 1630 (opens in new tab)12.3% (16.9fps)17.8% (33.9fps)TU117, 512 shaders, 1785MHz, 4GB GDDR6@12Gbps, 96GB/s, 75W
GeForce GTX 1050 (opens in new tab)10.8% (14.8fps)15.7% (29.8fps)GP107, 640 shaders, 1455MHz, 2GB GDDR5@7Gbps, 112GB/s, 75W
Radeon RX 560 4GB (opens in new tab)10.8% (14.8fps)16.8% (31.8fps)Baffin, 1024 shaders, 1275MHz, 4GB GDDR5@7Gbps, 112GB/s, 60-80W
Radeon RX 550 4GB (opens in new tab)10.3% (19.6fps)Lexa, 640 shaders, 1183MHz, 4GB GDDR5@7Gbps, 112GB/s, 50W
GeForce GT 1030 GDDR5 (opens in new tab)7.6% (14.5fps)GP108, 384 shaders, 1468MHz, 2GB GDDR5@6Gbps, 48GB/s, 30W

*: GPU couldn't run all tests, so the overall score is slightly skewed at 1080p ultra.

Our updated test suite and testbed favor AMD's GPUs slightly, particularly at 1080p and even 1440p — which is perhaps one more reason the RTX 3090 Ti exists, as it mostly retakes the throne at all resolutions, though the new 6950 XT reclaims top honors. Keep in mind that we're not including any ray tracing or DLSS results in the above table, as we intend to use the same test suite with the same settings on all current and previous generation graphics cards.

AMD's RX 6950 XT doesn't massively boost performance, but it's enough to make up the gap with the 3090 Ti, and it does so while costing over 40% less. AMD also wins, quite easily, in the performance per watt metric. Stepping down the list, the 3090 and 3080 12GB — an overclocked MSI model, since there are no reference 3080 12GB cards — place just ahead of the 6800 XT, followed by the 3080 Ti. The RX 6800 also beats the RTX 3070 Ti, while the RTX 3070 and RX 6700 XT are effectively tied.

The rankings favor AMD less at the lower portion of the chart, with the RTX 3060 and RX 6600 also tied, and the RTX 3050 easily eclipses the RX 6500 XT — not that it's difficult to do so, as both the 4GB and 8GB RX 5500 XT also beat AMD's latest budget offering.

Turning to the previous generation GPUs, the RTX 20-series and GTX 16-series chips end up scattered throughout the results, along with the RX 5000-series. The general rule of thumb is that you get one or two "model upgrades" with the newer architecture, so for example the RTX 2080 Super comes in just below the RTX 3060 Ti, while the RX 5700 XT lands a few percent behind the RX 6600 XT.

Go back far enough, and you can see how modern games at ultra settings severely punish cards that don't have more than 4GB VRAM. We've been saying for a few years now that 4GB is just scraping by, and 6GB or more is desirable. The GTX 1060 3GB, GTX 1050, and GTX 780 actually failed to run some of our tests, which skews their results a bit, even though they do better at 1080p medium.

Now let's switch over to the ray tracing hierarchy.

Dying Light 2 settings and image quality comparisons

(Image credit: Techland)

Ray Tracing GPU Benchmarks Ranking 2022

Enabling ray tracing, particularly with demanding games like those we're using in our DXR test suite, can cause framerates to drop off a cliff. We're testing with "medium" and "ultra" ray tracing settings. Medium means using medium graphics settings but turning on ray tracing effects (set to "medium" if that's an option), while ultra turns on all of the RT options at more or less maximum quality.

Because ray tracing is so much more demanding, we're sorting these results by the 1080p medium scores. That's also because the RX 6500 XT basically can't handle ray tracing even at these settings, and testing at anything more than 1080p medium would be fruitless. We've finished testing all the current ray tracing capable GPUs, though there will be more in the future. We're definitely curious to see if Intel's Arc GPUs can do any better than the RX 6500 XT, and suspect the answer might be "nope" on the lower tier A300 series.

The six ray tracing games we're using are Bright Memory Infinite, Control Ultimate Edition, Cyberpunk 2077, Fortnite, Metro Exodus Enhanced, and Minecraft — all of these use the DirectX 12 / DX12 Ultimate API. The fps score is the geometric mean (equal weighting) of the six games, and the percentage is scaled relative to the fastest GPU in the list, which in this case is the GeForce RTX 3090 Ti.

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Graphics Card1080p Medium1080p Ultra1440p Ultra4K UltraSpecifications
GeForce RTX 3090 Ti (opens in new tab)100.0% (118.2fps)100.0% (84.4fps)100.0% (57.2fps)100.0% (29.1fps)GA102, 10752 shaders, 1860MHz, 24GB GDDR6X@21Gbps, 1008GB/s, 450W
GeForce RTX 3090 (opens in new tab)91.7% (108.4fps)89.7% (75.7fps)88.7% (50.8fps)87.2% (25.4fps)GA102, 10496 shaders, 1695MHz, 24GB GDDR6X@19.5Gbps, 936GB/s, 350W
GeForce RTX 3080 Ti (opens in new tab)89.3% (105.6fps)87.6% (73.9fps)86.0% (49.2fps)84.6% (24.7fps)GA102, 10240 shaders, 1665MHz, 12GB GDDR6X@19Gbps, 912GB/s, 350W
GeForce RTX 3080 12GB (opens in new tab)88.5% (104.7fps)85.8% (72.4fps)83.7% (47.9fps)81.4% (23.7fps)GA102, 8960 shaders, 1845MHz, 12GB GDDR6X@19Gbps, 912GB/s, 400W
GeForce RTX 3080 (opens in new tab)81.5% (96.3fps)78.5% (66.3fps)76.3% (43.7fps)72.2% (21.0fps)GA102, 8704 shaders, 1710MHz, 10GB GDDR6X@19Gbps, 760GB/s, 320W
Radeon RX 6950 XT (opens in new tab)70.4% (83.2fps)66.7% (56.2fps)62.9% (36.0fps)59.0% (17.2fps)Navi 21, 5120 shaders, 2310MHz, 16GB GDDR6@18Gbps, 576GB/s, 335W
GeForce RTX 3070 Ti (opens in new tab)66.3% (78.4fps)63.0% (53.1fps)59.2% (33.9fps)GA104, 6144 shaders, 1770MHz, 8GB GDDR6X@19Gbps, 608GB/s, 290W
Radeon RX 6900 XT (opens in new tab)63.0% (74.5fps)59.0% (49.8fps)55.2% (31.6fps)51.7% (15.1fps)Navi 21, 5120 shaders, 2250MHz, 16GB GDDR6@16Gbps, 512GB/s, 300W
Titan RTX (opens in new tab)62.5% (73.9fps)58.2% (49.1fps)55.4% (31.7fps)52.5% (15.3fps)TU102, 4608 shaders, 1770MHz, 24GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 672GB/s, 280W
GeForce RTX 3070 (opens in new tab)62.1% (73.4fps)58.7% (49.6fps)54.9% (31.4fps)GA104, 5888 shaders, 1725MHz, 8GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 448GB/s, 220W
GeForce RTX 2080 Ti (opens in new tab)59.2% (70.0fps)55.1% (46.5fps)52.0% (29.7fps)TU102, 4352 shaders, 1545MHz, 11GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 616GB/s, 250W
Radeon RX 6800 XT (opens in new tab)59.0% (69.7fps)54.6% (46.1fps)51.3% (29.4fps)48.2% (14.0fps)Navi 21, 4608 shaders, 2250MHz, 16GB GDDR6@16Gbps, 512GB/s, 300W
GeForce RTX 3060 Ti (opens in new tab)55.2% (65.3fps)51.3% (43.3fps)47.8% (27.4fps)GA104, 4864 shaders, 1665MHz, 8GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 448GB/s, 200W
Radeon RX 6800 (opens in new tab)50.4% (59.6fps)46.6% (39.3fps)43.6% (24.9fps)Navi 21, 3840 shaders, 2105MHz, 16GB GDDR6@16Gbps, 512GB/s, 250W
GeForce RTX 2080 Super (opens in new tab)49.6% (58.6fps)45.0% (37.9fps)41.6% (23.8fps)TU104, 3072 shaders, 1815MHz, 8GB GDDR6@15.5Gbps, 496GB/s, 250W
GeForce RTX 2080 (opens in new tab)47.5% (56.2fps)42.5% (35.9fps)39.1% (22.4fps)TU104, 2944 shaders, 1710MHz, 8GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 448GB/s, 215W
GeForce RTX 2070 Super (opens in new tab)43.6% (51.5fps)39.2% (33.1fps)35.5% (20.3fps)TU104, 2560 shaders, 1770MHz, 8GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 448GB/s, 215W
Radeon RX 6750 XT (opens in new tab)41.7% (49.3fps)39.1% (33.0fps)35.6% (20.4fps)Navi 22, 2560 shaders, 2600MHz, 12GB GDDR6@18Gbps, 432GB/s, 250W
GeForce RTX 3060 (opens in new tab)41.2% (48.7fps)38.3% (32.3fps)35.1% (20.1fps)GA106, 3584 shaders, 1777MHz, 12GB GDDR6@15Gbps, 360GB/s, 170W
Radeon RX 6700 XT (opens in new tab)38.8% (45.9fps)36.4% (30.7fps)32.9% (18.8fps)Navi 22, 2560 shaders, 2581MHz, 12GB GDDR6@16Gbps, 384GB/s, 230W
GeForce RTX 2070 (opens in new tab)38.5% (45.5fps)34.9% (29.4fps)31.6% (18.1fps)TU106, 2304 shaders, 1620MHz, 8GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 448GB/s, 175W
GeForce RTX 2060 Super (opens in new tab)36.9% (43.6fps)33.0% (27.9fps)29.9% (17.1fps)TU106, 2176 shaders, 1650MHz, 8GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 448GB/s, 175W
GeForce RTX 2060 (opens in new tab)31.8% (37.6fps)26.7% (22.5fps)TU106, 1920 shaders, 1680MHz, 6GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 336GB/s, 160W
Radeon RX 6650 XT (opens in new tab)31.6% (37.3fps)29.0% (24.5fps)Navi 23, 2048 shaders, 2635MHz, 8GB GDDR6@18Gbps, 280GB/s, 180W
Radeon RX 6600 XT (opens in new tab)30.8% (36.4fps)28.0% (23.6fps)Navi 23, 2048 shaders, 2589MHz, 8GB GDDR6@16Gbps, 256GB/s, 160W
GeForce RTX 3050 (opens in new tab)29.4% (34.8fps)27.0% (22.8fps)GA106, 2560 shaders, 1777MHz, 8GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 224GB/s, 130W
Radeon RX 6600 (opens in new tab)25.8% (30.5fps)23.3% (19.6fps)Navi 23, 1792 shaders, 2491MHz, 8GB GDDR6@14Gbps, 224GB/s, 132W
Radeon RX 6500 XT (opens in new tab)9.4% (11.2fps)Navi 24, 1024 shaders, 2815MHz, 4GB GDDR6@18Gbps, 144GB/s, 107W
Radeon RX 6400 (opens in new tab)7.6% (9.0fps)Navi 24, 768 shaders, 2321MHz, 4GB GDDR6@16Gbps, 128GB/s, 53W

Where AMD can claim the top spot in our standard test suite at 1080p and 1440p, once we enable ray tracing, the best AMD can do is sixth place, just ahead of the RTX, RTX 3070 Ti. It's a precipitous drop, and we're not even using DLSS, which all six of our DXR games support.

You can see what DLSS Quality mode did for performance on the Asus RTX 3090 Ti in our review, but the short summary is that it boosted performance by 48% at 1080p ultra, 62% at 1440p ultra, and 89% at 4K ultra — with that last taking performance from a borderline unplayable 31 fps average up to a comfortable 60 fps. You can also legitimately use the Balanced and Performance modes without killing image quality, especially at 4K, which will deliver even larger gains.

AMD's FSR 2.0 would prove beneficial here, if AMD can get widespread adoption — AMD's fastest GPUs can barely manage 1440p at more than 30 fps. Also note that none of the GPUs can handle native 4K in all of the games, though the RTX 3080 was 45% faster than the RX 6900 XT, and the RTX 3090 Ti was 93% faster. Hopefully the upcoming Nvidia Ada and AMD RDNA 3 GPUs will be able to handle 4K at native resolution while reaching playable framerates, but even then we expect DLSS or FSR 2.0 will be necessary for 60 fps or more.

The midrange GPUs like the RTX 3070 and RX 6700 XT basically manage 1080p ultra and not much more, while the bottom tier of DXR-capable GPUs barely manage 1080p medium — and the RX 6500 XT can't even do that, with single digit framerates in most of our test suite, and one game that wouldn't even work at our chosen "medium" settings. (Control requires at least 6GB VRAM to let you enabled ray tracing.)

It's also interesting to look at the generational performance of Nvidia's RTX cards. The slowest 20-series GPU, the RTX 2060, still outperforms the new RTX 3050 by a bit, but the fastest RTX 2080 Ti comes in a bit behind the RTX 3070. Where the 2080 Ti basically doubled the performance of the 2060, the 3090 delivers about triple the performance of the 3050.

A bunch of new and old graphics cards

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

2020-2021 GPU Benchmarks Ranking

The results below are from our previous version of the GPU benchmarks hierarchy, using a different test suite and combining results from nine games with six resolution and setting combinations. All of the scores are combined (via a geometric mean calculation) into a single overall result, which tends to penalize the fastest and slowest GPUs — CPU bottlenecks come into play at 1080p medium, while VRAM limitations can kill performance at 4K ultra.

These results have not been updated since early 2022, when we added the RTX 3050 and RX 6500 XT to the list. We won't be adding future GPUs to this table, so there's no 3090 Ti, 6950 XT, 6750 XT, or 6650 XT, but it does help to provide a look at a slightly less demanding suite of games, where 6GB or more VRAM isn't generally required at 1080p ultra settings. You can use these older results to help inform your purchase decisions, if you don't typically run the latest games at maxed out settings.

ScoreGPUBase/BoostMemoryPowerBuy
Nvidia GeForce RTX 3090 (opens in new tab)100.0%GA1021400/1695 MHz24GB GDDR6X350WNvidia GeForce RTX 3090 (opens in new tab)
Nvidia GeForce RTX 3080 Ti (opens in new tab)97.9%GA1021370/1665 MHz12GB GDDR6X350WNvidia GeForce RTX 3080 Ti (opens in new tab)
AMD Radeon RX 6900 XT (opens in new tab)97.0%Navi 211825/2250 MHz16GB GDDR6300WAMD Radeon RX 6900 XT (opens in new tab)
AMD Radeon RX 6800 XT (opens in new tab)93.5%Navi 211825/2250 MHz16GB GDDR6300WAMD Radeon RX 6800 XT (opens in new tab)
Nvidia GeForce RTX 3080 (opens in new tab)93.2%GA1021440/1710 MHz10GB GDDR6X320WNvidia GeForce RTX 3080 (opens in new tab)
AMD Radeon RX 6800 (opens in new tab)85.7%Navi 211700/2105 MHz16GB GDDR6250WAMD Radeon RX 6800 (opens in new tab)
Nvidia GeForce RTX 3070 Ti (opens in new tab)81.5%GA1041575/1770 MHz8GB GDDR6X290WNvidia GeForce RTX 3070 Ti (opens in new tab)
Nvidia Titan RTX (opens in new tab)79.5%TU1021350/1770 MHz24GB GDDR6280WNvidia Titan RTX (opens in new tab)
Nvidia GeForce RTX 2080 Ti (opens in new tab)77.4%TU1021350/1635 MHz11GB GDDR6260WNvidia GeForce RTX 2080 Ti (opens in new tab)
Nvidia GeForce RTX 3070 (opens in new tab)76.3%GA1041500/1730 MHz8GB GDDR6220WNvidia GeForce RTX 3070 (opens in new tab)
AMD Radeon RX 6700 XT (opens in new tab)73.3%Navi 222321/2424 MHz12GB GDDR6230WAMD Radeon RX 6700 XT (opens in new tab)
Nvidia GeForce RTX 3060 Ti (opens in new tab)69.6%GA1041410/1665 MHz8GB GDDR6200WNvidia GeForce RTX 3060 Ti (opens in new tab)
Nvidia Titan V (opens in new tab)68.7%GV1001200/1455 MHz12GB HBM2250W Nvidia Titan V (opens in new tab)
Nvidia GeForce RTX 2080 Super (opens in new tab)66.8%TU1041650/1815 MHz8GB GDDR6250WGeForce RTX 2080 Super (opens in new tab)
Nvidia GeForce RTX 2080 (opens in new tab)62.5%TU1041515/1800 MHz8GB GDDR6225WGeForce RTX 2080 (opens in new tab)
Nvidia Titan Xp (opens in new tab)61.1%GP1021405/1480 MHz12GB GDDR5X250WGeForce GTX Titan X (opens in new tab)
Nvidia GeForce RTX 2070 Super (opens in new tab)59.6%TU1041605/1770 MHz8GB GDDR6215WGeForce RTX 2070 Super (opens in new tab)
AMD Radeon VII (opens in new tab)58.9%Vega 201400/1750 MHz16GB HBM2300WRadeon VII (opens in new tab)
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1080 Ti (opens in new tab)57.8%GP1021480/1582 MHz11GB GDDR5X250WNvidia GeForce GTX 1080 Ti (opens in new tab)
AMD Radeon RX 6600 XT (opens in new tab)57.7%Navi 231968/2589 MHz8GB GDDR6160WAMD Radeon RX 6600 XT (opens in new tab)
AMD Radeon RX 5700 XT (opens in new tab)57.0%Navi 101605/1905 MHz8GB GDDR6225WAMD Radeon RX 5700 XT (opens in new tab)
Nvidia GeForce RTX 3060 12GB (opens in new tab)54.7%GA1061320/1777 MHz12GB GDDR6170WNvidia GeForce RTX 3060 12GB (opens in new tab)
Nvidia GeForce RTX 2070 (opens in new tab)53.1%TU1061410/1710 MHz8GB GDDR6185WRTX 2070 (opens in new tab)
AMD Radeon RX 5700 (opens in new tab)51.4%Navi 101465/1725 MHz8GB GDDR6185WAMD Radeon RX 5700 (opens in new tab)
Nvidia GeForce RTX 2060 Super (opens in new tab)50.6%TU1061470/1650 MHz8GB GDDR6175WGeForce RTX 2060 Super (opens in new tab)
AMD Radeon RX 6600 (opens in new tab)49.2%Navi 231626/2491 MHz8GB GDDR6132WAMD Radeon RX 6600 (opens in new tab)
AMD Radeon RX Vega 64 (opens in new tab)48.4%Vega 101274/1546 MHz8GB HBM2295WGigabyte Radeon RX Vega 64 (opens in new tab)
AMD Radeon RX 5600 XT (opens in new tab)46.6%Navi 10?/1615 MHz6GB GDDR6150WRadeon RX 5600 XT
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1080 (opens in new tab)45.2%GP1041607/1733 MHz8GB GDDR5X180WNvidia GeForce GTX 1080
Nvidia GeForce RTX 2060 (opens in new tab)44.9%TU1061365/1680 MHz6GB GDDR6160WNvidia GeForce RTX 2060 FE (opens in new tab)
AMD Radeon RX Vega 56 (opens in new tab)42.7%Vega 101156/1471 MHz8GB HBM2210WRadeon RX Vega 56
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1070 Ti (opens in new tab)41.8%GP1041607/1683 MHz8GB GDDR5180WGeForce GTX 1070 Ti
Nvidia GeForce RTX 3050 (opens in new tab)40.5%GA1061552/1777 MHz8GB GDDR6130W
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1660 Super (opens in new tab)37.9%TU1161530/1785 MHz6GB GDDR6125WGeForce GTX 1660 Super
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1660 Ti (opens in new tab)37.8%TU1161365/1680 MHz6GB GDDR6120WGeForce GTX 1660 Ti 6GB (opens in new tab)
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1070 (opens in new tab)36.7%GP1041506/1683 MHz8GB GDDR5150WMSI GTX 1070
Nvidia GTX Titan X (Maxwell) (opens in new tab)35.3%GM2001000/1075 MHz12GB GDDR5250Nvidia GTX Titan X (opens in new tab)
Nvidia GeForce GTX 980 Ti (opens in new tab)32.9%GM2001000/1075 MHz6GB GDDR5250WGeForce GTX 980 Ti
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1660 (opens in new tab)32.8%TU1161530/1785 MHz6GB GDDR5120WGeforce GTX 1660 (opens in new tab)
AMD Radeon R9 Fury X (opens in new tab)32.7%Fiji1050 MHz4GB HBM275WAMD Radeon R9 Fury X
AMD Radeon RX 590 (opens in new tab)32.4%Polaris 301469/1545 MHz8GB GDDR5225WRadeon RX 590 (opens in new tab)
AMD Radeon RX 5500 XT 8GB (opens in new tab)31.8%Navi 14?/1717 MHz8GB GDDR6130WAMD Radeon RX 5500 XT 8GB
AMD Radeon RX 580 8GB (opens in new tab)30.9%Polaris 201257/1340 MHz8GB GDDR5185WAMD Radeon RX 580 (opens in new tab)
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1650 Super (opens in new tab)28.5%TU1161530/1725 MHz4GB GDDR6100WNvidia GeForce GTX 1650 Super
AMD Radeon RX 5500 XT 4GB (opens in new tab)28.4%Navi 14?/1717 MHz4GB GDDR6130WAMD Radeon RX 5500 XT 4GB
AMD Radeon RX 6500 XT (opens in new tab)27.7%Navi 242610/2815 MHz4GB GDDR6107W
AMD Radeon R9 390 (opens in new tab)27.2%Hawaii1000 MHz8GB GDDR5275WAMD Radeon R9 390
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1060 6GB (opens in new tab)26.5%GP1061506/1708 MHz6GB GDDR5120WNvidia GeForce GTX 1060 6GB (opens in new tab)
Nvidia GeForce GTX 980 (opens in new tab)26.4%GM2041126/1216 MHz4GB GDDR5165WNvidia GeForce GTX 980
AMD Radeon RX 570 4GB (opens in new tab)25.2%Polaris 201168/1244 MHz4GB GDDR5150WRadeon RX 570
Nvidia GTX 1650 GDDR6 (opens in new tab)23.8%TU1171410/1590 MHz4GB GDDR675WGeForce GTX 1650 GDDR6
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1060 3GB (opens in new tab)22.3%GP1061506/1708 MHz3GB GDDR5120WNvidia GeForce GTX 1060 3GB
Nvidia GeForce GTX 970 (opens in new tab)22.1%GM2041050/1178 MHz4GB GDDR5145WNvidia GeForce GTX 970
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1650 (opens in new tab)20.9%TU1171485/1665 MHz4GB GDDR575WGeForce GTX 1650 Gaming OC 4G
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1050 Ti (opens in new tab)16.1%GP1071290/1392 MHz4GB GDDR575WNvidia GeForce GTX 1050 Ti
AMD Radeon RX 560 4GB (opens in new tab)12.5%Polaris 211175/1275 MHz4GB GDDR580WPowerColor Red Dragon Radeon RX 560 (opens in new tab)
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1050 (opens in new tab)12.2%GP1071354/1455 MHz2GB GDDR575WGigabyte GeForce GTX 1050 (opens in new tab)
AMD Vega 8 (R7 5700G) (opens in new tab)9.5%Vega 82000 MHzSharedN/A
AMD Vega 7 (R5 5600G) (opens in new tab)8.8%Vega 71900 MHzSharedN/A
AMD Radeon RX 550 (opens in new tab)8.0%Polaris 221100/1183 MHz4GB GDDR550WPowerColor Radeon RX 550 (opens in new tab)
Nvidia GeForce GT 1030 (opens in new tab)6.7%GP1081228/1468 MHz2GB GDDR530WNvidia GeForce GT 1030
AMD Vega 11 (R5 3400G) (opens in new tab)5.5%Vega 111400 MHzSharedN/AAMD Ryzen 5 3400G (opens in new tab)
AMD Vega 8 (R3 3200G) (opens in new tab)4.9%Vega 81250 MHzSharedN/AAMD Ryzen 3 3200G (opens in new tab)
Intel Iris Xe DG1 (opens in new tab)4.4%Xe DG11550 MHz4GB LPDDR4X30W
Intel Iris Plus (i7-1065G7) (opens in new tab)3.0%Gen11 ICL-U1100 MHzSharedN/AIntel Core i7-1065G7 (opens in new tab)
Intel UHD Graphics 630 (i7-10700K) (opens in new tab)1.8%Gen9.5 CFL1200 MHz2x8GB DDR4-3200N/AIntel Core i7-10700K (opens in new tab)

Choosing a Graphics Card

Which graphics card do you need? To help you decide, we created this GPU benchmarks hierarchy consisting of dozens of GPUs from the past four generations of hardware. Not surprisingly, the fastest cards use either Nvidia's Ampere architecture or AMD's Big Navi. AMD's latest graphics cards perform well without ray tracing, but tend to fall behind once RT gets enabled — even more so if you enable DLSS, which you should. GPU prices are finally hitting reasonable levels, however, making it a better time to upgrade.

Of course it's not just about playing games. Many applications use the GPU for other work, and we covered some professional GPU benchmarks in our RTX 3090 Ti review. But a good graphics card for gaming will typically do equally well in complex GPU computational workloads. Buy one of the top cards and you can run games at high resolutions and frame rates with the effects turned all the way up, and you'll be able to do content creation work equally well. Drop down to the middle and lower portions of the list and you'll need to start dialing down the settings to get acceptable performance in regular game play and GPU benchmarks.

It's not just about high-end GPUs either, of course. We tested Intel's Xe Graphics DG1, which basically competes with integrated graphics solutions. The results weren't pretty, and we didn't even try running any of those at settings beyond 1080p medium. Still, you can see where those GPUs land at the very bottom of the 2020-2021 GPU benchmarks list. Thankfully, Intel's Arc Alchemist, aka DG2, appears to be cut from entirely different cloth. We hope, anyway.

If your main goal is gaming, you can't forget about the CPU. Getting the best possible gaming GPU won't help you much if your CPU is underpowered and/or out of date. So be sure to check out the Best CPUs for gaming page, as well as our CPU Benchmarks Hierarchy to make sure you have the right CPU for the level of gaming you're looking to achieve.

2022 GPU Testbed (with the wrong cooler installed)

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Test System and How We Test for GPU Benchmarks

We've used two different PCs for our testing. The latest 2022 and later configuration uses an Alder Lake CPU and platform, while our previous testbed uses Coffee Lake and Z390. Here are the details of the two PCs.

Tom's Hardware 2022 GPU Testbed

Intel Core i9-12900K (opens in new tab)
MSI Pro Z690-A WiFi DDR4 (opens in new tab)
Corsair 2x16GB DDR4-3600 CL16 (opens in new tab)
Crucial P5 Plus 2TB (opens in new tab)
Cooler Master MWE 1250 V2 Gold (opens in new tab)
Cooler Master PL360 Flux (opens in new tab)
Cooler Master HAF500
Windows 11 Pro 64-bit

Tom's Hardware 2020–2021 GPU Testbed

Intel Core i9-9900K (opens in new tab)
Corsair H150i Pro RGB (opens in new tab)
MSI MEG Z390 Ace (opens in new tab)
Corsair 2x16GB DDR4-3200 (opens in new tab)
XPG SX8200 Pro 2TB (opens in new tab)
Windows 10 Pro (opens in new tab) (21H1)

For each graphics card, we follow the same testing procedure. We run one pass of each benchmark to "warm up" the GPU after launching the game, then run at least two passes at each setting/resolution combination. If the two runs are basically identical (within 0.5% or less difference), we use the faster of the two runs. If there's more than a small difference, we run the test at least twice more to determine what "normal" performance is supposed to be.

We also look at all the data and check for anomalies, so for example RTX 3070 Ti, RTX 3070, and RTX 3060 Ti all generally going to perform within a narrow range — 3070 Ti is about 5% faster than 3070, which is about 5% faster than 3060 Ti. If we see games where there are clear outliers (i.e. performance is more than 10% higher for the cards just mentioned), we'll go back and retest whatever cards are showing the anomaly and figure out what the "correct" result would be.

Due to the length of time required for testing each GPU, updated drivers and game patches inevitably will come out that can impact performance. We periodically retest a few sample cards to verify our results are still valid, and if not, we go through and retest the affected game(s) and GPU(s). We may also add games to our test suite over the coming year, if one comes out that is popular and conducive to testing — see our what makes a good game benchmark for our selection criteria.

GPU Benchmarks: Individual Game Charts

The above tables provide a summary of performance, but for those that want to see the individual game charts, for both the standard and ray tracing test suites, we've got those as well. These charts were up-to-date as of May 19, 2022, with testing conducted using the latest Nvidia and AMD drivers in most cases, though some of the cards were tested with slightly older drivers.

Note that we're only including the past two generations of hardware in these charts, as otherwise things get too cramped — and you can argue that with 35 cards in the 1080p charts, we're already well past that point. (Hint: Click the enlarge icon if you're on PC.)

Also note that we've switched from DX12 to DX11 for Microsoft Flight Simulator testing, partly because DX12 started to have issues recently, partly because DX12 is still listed as "beta," but mostly because we've determined DX11 runs faster — somethings by more than 10% — on most GPUs. We've retested all of the cards in DX11 mode now.

Best Graphics Cards — 1080p Medium

Best Graphics Cards — 1080p Ultra

Best Graphics Cards — 1440p Ultra

Best Graphics Cards — 4K Ultra

Power, Clocks, Temperatures, and Fan Speeds

While our GPU benchmarks hierarchy sorts things solely by performance, for those interested in power and other aspects of the GPUs, here are the appropriate charts.

Legacy GPU Hierarchy

Below is our legacy desktop GPU hierarchy dating back to the late 1990s. We have not tested most of these cards in many years, driver support has ended on most of these models, and the relative rankings are pretty coarse. Note that we also don't factor in memory bandwidth or features like AMD's Infinity Cache. The list below is mostly intended to show relative performance between architectures from a similar time period.

We sorted the table by the theoretical GFLOPS, though on architectures that don't support unified shaders, we only have data for "Gops/s" (giga operations per second). That's GeForce 7 and Radeon X1000 and earlier — basically anything from before 2007. We've put an asterisk (*) next to the GPU names for those cards, and they comprise the latter part of the table. Comparing pre-2007 GPUs against each other should be relatively meaningful, but trying to compare those older GPUs against newer GPUs gets a bit convoluted.

GPURelease DateArchitectureShadersClockspeedGFLOPS (GOps)Launch Price
GeForce RTX 3090 Ti (opens in new tab)March 2022GA10210752186039,997$1,999
GeForce RTX 3090 (opens in new tab)September 2020GA10210496169535,581$1,499
GeForce RTX 3080 Ti (opens in new tab)June 2021GA10210240166534,099$1,249
GeForce RTX 3080 12GB (opens in new tab)January 2022GA1028960171030,643$1,199
GeForce RTX 3080 (opens in new tab)September 2020GA1028704171029,768$699
Radeon RX 6900 XT (opens in new tab)December 2020Navi 215120225023,040$999
GeForce RTX 3070 Ti (opens in new tab)June 2021GA1046144177021,750$599
Radeon RX 6800 XT (opens in new tab)November 2020Navi 214608225020,736$649
GeForce RTX 3070 (opens in new tab)October 2020GA1045888172520,314$499
Nvidia Titan RTX (opens in new tab)December 2018TU1024608177016,312$2,499
GeForce RTX 3060 Ti (opens in new tab)December 2020GA1044864166516,197$399
Radeon RX 6800 (opens in new tab)November 2020Navi 213840210516,166$579
Nvidia Titan V (opens in new tab)December 2017GV1005120145514,899$2,999
GeForce RTX 2080 Ti (opens in new tab)September 2018TU1024352154513,448$1,199
Radeon VII (opens in new tab)February 2019Vega 203840175013,440$699
Radeon RX 6700 XT (opens in new tab)March 2021Navi 222560258113,215$479
GeForce RTX 3060 (opens in new tab)February 2021GA1063584177712,738$329
Radeon RX Vega 64 (opens in new tab)August 2017Vega 104096154612,665$499
Radeon R9 295X2 (opens in new tab)April 2014Vesuvius (x2)5632101811,467$1,499
Nvidia Titan Xp (opens in new tab)April 2017GP1023840148011,366$1,199
GeForce GTX 1080 Ti (opens in new tab)March 2017GP1023584158211,340$699
GeForce RTX 2080 Super (opens in new tab)July 2019TU1043072181511,151$699
Nvidia Titan X (Pascal) (opens in new tab)August 2016GP1023584153110,974$1,199
Radeon RX 6600 XT (opens in new tab)August 2021Navi 232048258910,605$379
Radeon RX Vega 56 (opens in new tab)August 2017Vega 103584147110,544$399
GeForce GTX Titan Z (opens in new tab)May 20142x GK110576087610,092$2,999
GeForce RTX 2080 (opens in new tab)September 2018TU1042944171010,068$699
Radeon RX 5700 XT (opens in new tab)July 2019Navi 10256019059,754$399
GeForce RTX 3050 (opens in new tab)January 2022GA106256017779,098$249
GeForce RTX 2070 Super (opens in new tab)July 2019TU104256017709,062$499
Radeon RX 6600 (opens in new tab)October 2021Navi 23179224918,928$329
GeForce GTX 1080 (opens in new tab)May 2016GP104256017338,873$599 ($499)
Radeon R9 Fury X (opens in new tab)June 2015Fiji409610508,602$649
Radeon R9 Nano (opens in new tab)August 2015Fiji409610008,192$649
Radeon HD 7990 (opens in new tab)April 2013New Zealand (x2)409610008,192$1,000
GeForce GTX 1070 Ti (opens in new tab)November 2017GP104243216838,186$449
Radeon RX 5600 XT (opens in new tab)January 2020Navi 10230417508,064$279
Radeon RX 5700 (opens in new tab)July 2019Navi 10230417257,949$249
GeForce RTX 2070 (opens in new tab)October 2018TU106230416207,465$499
GeForce RTX 2060 Super (opens in new tab)July 2019TU106217616507,181$399
Radeon R9 Fury (opens in new tab)July 2015Fiji358410007,168$549
Radeon RX 590 (opens in new tab)November 2018Polaris 30230415457,119$279
GeForce GTX Titan X (Maxwell) (opens in new tab)March 2015GM200307210756,605$999
GeForce GTX 1070 (opens in new tab)June 2016GP104192016836,463$379
GeForce RTX 2060 (opens in new tab)January 2019TU106192016806,451$349
GeForce GTX 690 (opens in new tab)April 20122x GK104307210196,261$1,000
Radeon RX 580 8GB (opens in new tab)April 2017Polaris 20230413406,175$229
Radeon RX 580 4GB (opens in new tab)April 2017Polaris 20230413406,175$199
GeForce GTX 980 Ti (opens in new tab)June 2015GM200281610756,054$649
Radeon R9 390X (opens in new tab)June 2015Grenada281610505,914$429
Radeon RX 480 8GB (opens in new tab)June 2016Ellesmere230412665,834$239
Radeon RX 480 4GB (opens in new tab)June 2016Ellesmere230412665,834$199
Radeon RX 6500 XT (opens in new tab)January 2022Navi 24102428155,765$199
GeForce GTX Titan Black (opens in new tab)February 2014GK11028809805,645$999
Radeon R9 290X (opens in new tab)October 2013Hawaii281610005,632$549
GeForce GTX 1660 Ti (opens in new tab)February 2019TU116153617705,437$279
GeForce GTX 780 Ti (opens in new tab)November 2013GK11028809285,345$699
Radeon RX 5500 XT 8GB (opens in new tab)December 2019Navi 14140818455,196$199
Radeon RX 5500 XT 4GB (opens in new tab)December 2019Navi 14140818455,196$169
Radeon R9 390 (opens in new tab)June 2015Grenada256010005,120$329
Radeon HD 6990 (opens in new tab)March 2011Antilles (2x)30728305,100$699
Radeon RX 570 8GB (opens in new tab)April 2017Polaris 20204812445,095$199
Radeon RX 570 4GB (opens in new tab)April 2017Polaris 20204812445,095$169
GeForce GTX 1660 Super (opens in new tab)October 2019TU116140817855,027$229
GeForce GTX 980 (opens in new tab)September 2014GM204204812164,981$549
Radeon RX 470 4GB (opens in new tab)August 2016Ellesmere204812064,940$179
GeForce GTX 1660 (opens in new tab)March 2019TU116140817254,858$219
Radeon R9 290 (opens in new tab)November 2013Hawaii25609474,849$399
GeForce GTX Titan (opens in new tab)February 2013GK11026888764,709$999
Radeon HD 5970 (opens in new tab)November 2009Hemlock (2x)32007254,640$599
GeForce GTX 1060 6GB (opens in new tab)July 2016GP106128017084,372$249
Radeon HD 7970 GHz Edition (opens in new tab)June 2012Tahiti204810504,301$500
GeForce GTX 780 (opens in new tab)May 2013GK11023049004,147$649 ($499)
Radeon R9 280X (opens in new tab)August 2013Tahiti204810004,096$299
GeForce GTX 1650 Super (opens in new tab)November 2019TU116128015904,070$159
Radeon R9 380X (opens in new tab)November 2015Tonga20489703,973$229
GeForce GTX 1060 3GB (opens in new tab)August 2016GP106115217083,935$199
GeForce GTX 970 (opens in new tab)September 2014GM204166411783,920$329
Radeon R9 380 (opens in new tab)June 2015Tonga17929703,476$199
Radeon R9 280 (opens in new tab)March 2014Tahiti17929333,344$249
GeForce GTX 770 (opens in new tab)May 2013GK104153610853,333$399 ($329)
Radeon R9 285 (opens in new tab)September 2014Tonga17929183,290$249
GeForce GTX 680 (opens in new tab)March 2012GK104153610583,250$500
Radeon HD 7870 XT (opens in new tab)November 2012Tahiti15369752,995$270
GeForce GTX 1650 (opens in new tab)April 2019TU11789616652,984$149
Radeon HD 7950 (opens in new tab)January 2012Tahiti17928002,867$450
GeForce GTX 1650 GDDR6 (opens in new tab)April 2020TU11789615902,849$149
Radeon HD 5870 (opens in new tab)September 2009Cypress16008502,720$379
Radeon HD 6970 (opens in new tab)December 2010Cayman15368802,703$369
Radeon R9 270X (opens in new tab)August 2013Pitcairn128010502,688$199
GeForce GTX 760 Ti (opens in new tab)September 2013GK10413449802,634OEM
GeForce GTX 670 (opens in new tab)May 2012GK10413449802,634$400
GeForce GTX 660 Ti (opens in new tab)August 2012GK10413449802,634$300
Radeon RX 560 4GB (opens in new tab)May 2017Baffin102412752,611$99
Radeon R9 370X (opens in new tab)August 2015Pitcairn128010002,560$179
Radeon HD 7870 (opens in new tab)March 2012Pitcairn128010002,560$350
GeForce GTX 590 (opens in new tab)March 20112x GF11010246072,486$699
GeForce GTX 960 (opens in new tab)January 2015GM206102411782,413$199
Radeon HD 4870 X2 (opens in new tab)August 20082x RV77016007502,400$449
GeForce GTX 760 (opens in new tab)June 2013GK104115210332,380$249
Radeon R9 270 (opens in new tab)November 2013Pitcairn12809252,368$179
Radeon HD 6950 2GB (opens in new tab)December 2010Cayman14088002,253$299
Radeon HD 6950 1GB (opens in new tab)December 2010Cayman14088002,253$259
Radeon RX 460 4GB (opens in new tab)August 2016Baffin89612002,150$139
Radeon RX 460 2GB (opens in new tab)August 2016Baffin89612002,150$109
GeForce GTX 1050 Ti (opens in new tab)October 2016GP10776813922,138$139
Radeon RX 560 4GB (opens in new tab)October 2017Baffin89611752,106$99
Radeon HD 5850 (opens in new tab)September 2009Cypress14407252,088$259
Radeon HD 6870 (opens in new tab)October 2010Barts11209002,016$239
Radeon HD 4850 X2 (opens in new tab)November 20082x RV77016006252,000$339
Radeon R9 370 (opens in new tab)June 2015Pitcairn10249751,997$149
GeForce GTX 660 (opens in new tab)September 2012GK10696010321,981$230
Radeon R7 260X (opens in new tab)August 2013Bonaire89611001,971$139
GeForce GTX 1050 (opens in new tab)October 2016GP10764015181,943$109
Radeon R7 265 (opens in new tab)February 2014Pitcairn10249251,894$149
GeForce GTX 950 (opens in new tab)August 2015GM20676811881,825$159
Radeon HD 7790 (opens in new tab)March 2013Pitcairn89610001,792$150
Radeon HD 5830 (opens in new tab)February 2010Cypress11208001,792$239
Radeon HD 7850 (opens in new tab)March 2012Pitcairn10248601,761$250
Radeon R7 360 (opens in new tab)June 2015Bonaire76810501,613$109
GeForce GTX 650 Ti Boost (opens in new tab)March 2013GK10676810321,585$170
GeForce GTX 580 (opens in new tab)November 2010GF1105127721,581$499
Radeon R7 260 (opens in new tab)December 2013Bonaire76810001,536$109
Radeon RX 550 (opens in new tab)April 2017Lexa64011831,514$79
Radeon HD 6850 (opens in new tab)October 2010Barts9607751,488$179
GeForce GTX 650 Ti (opens in new tab)October 2012GK1067689281,425$150
GeForce GTX 570 (opens in new tab)December 2010GF1104807321,405$349
GeForce GTX 750 Ti (opens in new tab)February 2014GK10764010851,389$149
Radeon HD 6770 (opens in new tab)April 2011Juniper8008501,360$129
Radeon HD 5770 (opens in new tab)October 2009Juniper8008501,360$159
Radeon HD 4890 (opens in new tab)April 2009RV7908008501,360$249
GeForce GTX 480 (opens in new tab)March 2010GF1004807011,346$499
Radeon HD 6790 (opens in new tab)April 2011Barts8008401,344$149
GeForce GTX 560 Ti (448 Core) (opens in new tab)November 2011GF1104487321,312$289
Radeon HD 7770 (opens in new tab)February 2012Cape Verde64010001,280$160
GeForce GTX 560 Ti (opens in new tab)January 2011GF1143848221,263$249
Radeon HD 4870 (opens in new tab)June 2008RV7708007501,200$299
GeForce GT 1030 (GDDR5) (opens in new tab)May 2017GP10838414681,127$70
GeForce GTX 750 (opens in new tab)February 2014GK10751210851,111$119
GeForce GTX 470 (opens in new tab)March 2010GF1004486081,090$349
GeForce GTX 560 (opens in new tab)May 2011GF1143368101,089$199
GeForce GT 1030 (DDR4) (opens in new tab)March 2018GP10838413791,059$79
Radeon HD 3870 X2 (opens in new tab)January 20082x R6806408251,056$449
Radeon HD 6750 (opens in new tab)January 2011Juniper7207001,008OEM
Radeon HD 5750 (opens in new tab)October 2009Juniper7207001,008$129
Radeon HD 4850 (opens in new tab)June 2008RV7708006251,000$199
Radeon HD 4770 (opens in new tab)April 2009RV740640750960$109
Radeon R7 350 (opens in new tab)February 2016Cape Verde512925947$89
Radeon HD 7750 (GDDR5) (opens in new tab)February 2012Cape Verde512900922$110
Radeon HD 7750 (DDR3) (opens in new tab)February 2012Cape Verde512900922$110
GeForce GTX 460 (256-bit) (opens in new tab)July 2010GF104336675907$229
GeForce GTX 460 (192-bit) (opens in new tab)July 2010GF104336675907$199
GeForce GTX 465 (opens in new tab)May 2010GF100352608856$279
GeForce GTX 560 SE (opens in new tab)February 2012GF114288736848OEM
Radeon R7 250E (opens in new tab)December 2013Cape Verde512800819$109
GeForce GTX 650 (opens in new tab)September 2012GK1073841058813$110
Radeon R7 250 (GDDR5) (opens in new tab)August 2013Oland3841050806$99
Radeon R7 250 (DDR3) (opens in new tab)August 2013Oland3841050806$89
Radeon HD 6670 (GDDR5) (opens in new tab)April 2011Turks480800768$109
Radeon HD 6670 (DDR3) (opens in new tab)April 2011Turks480800768$99
GeForce 9800 GX2 (opens in new tab)March 20082x G922561500768
GeForce GT 740 (GDDR5) (opens in new tab)May 2014GK107384993763$99
GeForce GT 740 (DDR3) (opens in new tab)May 2014GK107384993763$89
GeForce GTX 460 SE (opens in new tab)November 2010GF104288650749$160
Radeon HD 4830 (opens in new tab)October 2008RV770640575736$130
GeForce GT 640 (GDDR5) (opens in new tab)April 2012GK107384950730OEM
GeForce GT 730 (64-bit, GDDR5) (opens in new tab)June 2014GK208384902693$79
GeForce GT 730 (64-bit, DDR3) (opens in new tab)June 2014GK208384902693$69
GeForce GTX 550 Ti (opens in new tab)March 2011GF116192900691$149
Radeon HD 6570 (GDDR5) (opens in new tab)April 2011Turks480650624$89
Radeon HD 6570 (DDR3) (opens in new tab)April 2011Turks480650624$79
Radeon HD 5670 (opens in new tab)January 2010Redwood400775620$99
Radeon HD 7730 (GDDR5) (opens in new tab)April 2013Cape Verde384800614$60
Radeon HD 7730 (DDR3) (opens in new tab)April 2013Cape Verde384800614$60
GeForce GT 640 (DDR3) (opens in new tab)April 2012GK107384797612OEM
GeForce GTS 450 (opens in new tab)September 2010GF106192783601$129
GeForce GTX 295 (opens in new tab)January 20092x GT200480576553$500
Radeon HD 5570 (GDDR5) (opens in new tab)February 2010Redwood400650520$80
Radeon HD 5570 (DDR3) (opens in new tab)February 2010Redwood400650520$80
GeForce GT 545 (GDDR5) (opens in new tab)May 2011GF116144870501OEM
Radeon R7 240 (opens in new tab)August 2013Oland320780499$69
Radeon HD 3870 (opens in new tab)November 2007RV670320777497$349
Radeon HD 4670 (opens in new tab)September 2008RV730320750480$79
Radeon HD 2900 XT (opens in new tab)May 2007R600320743476$399
GeForce GTS 250 (opens in new tab)March 2009G92b1281836470$150
GeForce 9800 GTX+ (opens in new tab)July 2008G92b1281836470
GeForce 9800 GTX (opens in new tab)April 2008G921281688432
Radeon HD 3850 (512MB) (opens in new tab)November 2007RV670320668428$189
Radeon HD 3850 (256MB) (opens in new tab)November 2007RV670320668428$179
Radeon HD 3830 (opens in new tab)April 2008RV670320668428$129
Radeon HD 4650 (DDR3) (opens in new tab)September 2008RV730320650416
GeForce 8800 GTS (512MB) (opens in new tab)December 2007G921281625416
GeForce GT 545 (DDR3) (opens in new tab)May 2011GF116144720415$149
Radeon HD 4650 (DDR2) (opens in new tab)September 2008RV730320600384
Radeon HD 2900 Pro (opens in new tab)September 2007R600320600384$300
GeForce 8800 Ultra (opens in new tab)May 2007G801281500384
Radeon HD 5550 (GDDR5) (opens in new tab)February 2010Redwood320550352$70
Radeon HD 5550 (DDR3) (opens in new tab)February 2010Redwood320550352$70
Radeon HD 5550 (DDR2) (opens in new tab)February 2010Redwood320550352$70
GeForce 8800 GTX (opens in new tab)November 2006G801281350346
GeForce GT 630 (DDR3) (opens in new tab)April 2012GK107192875336OEM
GeForce 9800 GT (opens in new tab)July 2008G92a/G92b1121500336
GeForce 8800 GT (512MB) (opens in new tab)October 2007G921121500336
GeForce 8800 GT (256MB) (opens in new tab)December 2007G921121500336
GeForce GTX 285 (opens in new tab)January 2009GT200240648311$400
GeForce GT 630 (GDDR5) (opens in new tab)May 2012GF10896810311$80
GeForce GT 440 (GDDR5) (opens in new tab)February 2011GF10896810311$100
GeForce GT 440 (GDDR3) (opens in new tab)February 2011GF10896810311$100
GeForce GTX 275 (opens in new tab)April 2009GT200240633304$250
GeForce GTX 280 (opens in new tab)June 2008GT200240602289$650 ($430)
Radeon HD 2900 GT (opens in new tab)November 2007R600240600288$200
GeForce GT 730 (128-bit, DDR3) (opens in new tab)June 2014GF10896700269$69
GeForce GT 530 (opens in new tab)May 2011GF11896700269OEM
GeForce GT 430 (opens in new tab)October 2010GF10896700269$79
GeForce 9600 GSO (opens in new tab)May 2008G92961375264
GeForce 8800 GS (opens in new tab)January 2008G92961375264
GeForce GT 240 (GDDR5) (opens in new tab)November 2009GT215961340257OEM
GeForce GT 240 (DDR3) (opens in new tab)November 2009GT215961340257OEM
GeForce GTX 260 (opens in new tab)September 2008GT200216576249$300
Radeon HD 6450 (opens in new tab)April 2011Caicos160750240$55
GeForce 8800 GTS (640MB) (opens in new tab)November 2006G80961188228
GeForce 8800 GTS (320MB) (opens in new tab)February 2007G80961188228
GeForce GTX 260 (opens in new tab)June 2008GT200192576221$400 ($270)
GeForce 9600 GT (opens in new tab)February 2008G94641625208
Radeon R5 230 (opens in new tab)April 2014Caicos160625200
Radeon HD 2600 XT (opens in new tab)June 2007RV630120800192$149
Radeon HD 3650 (DDR3) (opens in new tab)January 2008RV635120725174
Radeon HD 3650 (DDR2) (opens in new tab)January 2008RV635120725174
GeForce GT 520 (opens in new tab)April 2011GF11948810156$59
Radeon HD 2600 Pro (opens in new tab)June 2007RV630120600144$99
GeForce GT 220 (DDR3) (opens in new tab)October 2009GT216481360131OEM
GeForce GT 220 (DDR2) (opens in new tab)October 2009GT216481335128OEM
Radeon HD 5450 (opens in new tab)February 2010Cedar80650104$50
Radeon HD 4550 (opens in new tab)September 2008RV7108060096
Radeon HD 4350 (opens in new tab)September 2008RV7108060096
GeForce 8600 GTS (opens in new tab)April 2007G8432145093
GeForce 9500 GT (GDDR3) (opens in new tab)July 2008G9632140090
GeForce 9500 GT (DDR2) (opens in new tab)July 2008G9632140090
GeForce 8600 GT (GDDR3) (opens in new tab)April 2007G8432118876
GeForce 8600 GT (DDR2) (opens in new tab)April 2007G8432118876
GeForce GT 420 (opens in new tab)September 2010GF1084870067OEM
Radeon HD 2400 XT (opens in new tab)June 2007RV6104065052$55
GeForce 9400 GT (opens in new tab)August 2008G9616140045
Radeon HD 2400 Pro (opens in new tab)June 2007RV6104052542
Radeon HD 2300 (opens in new tab)June 2007RV6104052542
GeForce 8600 GS (opens in new tab)April 2007G8416118038
Radeon X1950 XTX * (opens in new tab)October 2006R580+4865031.2 *$449
Radeon X1900 XTX * (opens in new tab)January 2006R5804865031.2 *$649
Radeon X1950 XT * (opens in new tab)October 2006R580+4862530.0 *
Radeon X1900 XT * (opens in new tab)January 2006R5804862530.0 *$549
GeForce 8500 GT (opens in new tab)April 2007G861690029
GeForce 8400 GS (opens in new tab)June 2007G861690029
GeForce 7950 GX2 * (opens in new tab)June 20062x G714850024.0 *
GeForce 9300 GS (opens in new tab)June 2008G988140022