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GPU Performance Hierarchy 2019: Video Cards Ranked

(Image credit: Song_about_summer/Shutterstock)

When you run games or do high-end creative work like 4K video editing, your graphics card plays the biggest role in determining performance. Get a good GPU, and you can play recent games at smooth frame rates; get one of the best GPUs for gaming and you can enjoy those games at high resolution, with the special effects turned all the way up.

To help you decide which graphics card you need, we've developed the GPU hierarchy below, which ranks all the current chips from fastest to slowest. We've assigned each a score for comparison purposes, where the fastest card gets 100 and all others are graded relative to it, based on our testing. These numbers are based on the geometric mean frames per second (fps) from our Far Cry 5, Forza Horizon 4 and Ashes of the Singularity: Escalation benchmarks, giving us a solid mix of game genres and APIs.

If you're curious about how your previous-generation Nvidia Pascal (10-series) card will handle cutting-edge ray tracing effects, check out our Ray Tracing On Nvidia’s Pascal Architecture, Benchmarked. Just keep in mind there were only a handful games (and a few demos) available with ray tracing support when we wrote this, although the number of upcoming titles supporting the technology is growing steadily. Future ray tracing-enabled games may be more (or less) demanding.

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In recent weeks, AMD made its mainstream Navi-based Radeon RX 5500 official, though we still don't know pricing or availability for the desktop version of this GPU. Perhaps AMD is awaiting the launch of Nvidia's GTX 1650 Super before putting a price on its replacement for its ageing Polaris parts. 

But while we wait, recent mentions of Navi 22 and Navi 23 in a recent Linux driver (first spotted by 3DCenter forum veteran Berniyh) may (or may not) be our first glimpse of higher-end AMD GPUs that could compete with Nvidia's RTX 2080 Super and 2080 Ti.

While we await new GPU hardware, we've seen the launch of a few high-profile games, like Control and Borderlands 3. If you're wondering how the former performs, we've investigated how Control runs on integrated graphics, as well as several high-end graphics cards. We also took a look at how Borderlands 3 works on various graphics cards. Also, we've tested Red Dead Redemption 2 on integrated AMD graphics to high-end Nvidia cards.

ScoreGPUBase/BoostMemoryPowerBuy
Nvidia Titan RTX100TU1021350/1770 MHz24GB GDDR6280WTitan RTX
Nvidia GeForce RTX 2080 Ti98.4TU1021350/1635 MHz11GB GDDR6260WNvidia GeForce RTX 2080 Ti
Nvidia GeForce RTX 2080 Super98.2TU1041650/1815 MHz8GB GDDR6250WGeForce RTX 2080 Super
Nvidia GeForce RTX 208096.1TU1041515/1800 MHz8GB GDDR6225WGeForce RTX 2080
Nvidia Titan X96.0GP1021405/1480 MHz12GB GDDR5X250WGeForce GTX Titan X
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1080 Ti96.0GP1021480/1582 MHz11GB GDDR5X250WNvidia GeForce GTX 1080 Tii
AMD Radeon RX 5700 XT95.8Navi 101605/1905 MHz8GB GDDR6225WAMD Radeon RX 5700 XT
Nvidia GeForce RTX 2070 Super94.1TU1041605/1770 MHz8GB GDDR6215WGeForce RTX 2070 Super
AMD Radeon VII92.4Vega 201400/1750 MHz16GB HBM2300WRadeon VII
AMD Radeon RX 570087.5Navi 101465/1725 MHz8GB GDDR6185WAMD Radeon RX 5700
Nvidia GeForce RTX 207087.2TU1061410/1710 MHz8GB GDDR6185WRTX 2070
Nvidia GeForce RTX 2060 Super85.4TU1061470/1650 MHz8GB GDDR6175WGeForce RTX 2060 Super
AMD Radeon RX Vega 6484.4Vega 101274/1546 MHz8GB HBM2295WGigabyte Radeon RX Vega 64
Nvidia GeForce GTX 108084.3GP1041607/1733 MHz8GB GDDR5X295WNvidia GeForce GTX 1080/a>
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1070 Ti78.5GP1041607/1683 MHz8GB GDDR5180WGeForce GTX 1070 Ti
Nvidia GeForce RTX 206077.6TU1061365/1680 MHz6GB GDDR6160WNvidia GeForce RTX 2060 FE
AMD Radeon RX Vega 5676.7Vega 101156/1471 MHz8GB HBM2210WRadeon RX Vega 56
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1660 Ti71.4TU1161365/1680 MHz6GB GDDR6120WGeForce GTX 1660 Ti 6GB
Nvidia GeForce GTX 107069.9GP1041506/1683 MHz8GB GDDR5150WMSI GTX 1070
Nvidia GeForce GTX 166063.6TU1161530/1785 MHz6GB GDDR5120WGeforce GTX 1660
AMD Radeon RX 590 8GB60.7Polaris 301469/1545 MHz8GB GDDR5225WRadeon RX 590
AMD Radeon RX 580 8GB57.9Polaris 101257/1340 MHz8GB GDDR5185WAMD Radeon RX 580
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1060 6GB53.2GP1061506/1708 MHz6GB GDDR5120WNVIDIA GeForce GTX 1060 6GB
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1060 3GB49.4GP1061506/1708 MHz3GB GDDR5120WNvidia GeForce GTX 1060 3GB
AMD Radeon RX 570 4GB48.3Polaris 101168/1244 MHz4GB GDDR5150WRadeon RX 570
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1650 4GB42.2TU1171485/1665 MHz4GB GDDR575WGeForce GTX 1650 Gaming OC 4G
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1050 Ti33.1GP1071290/1392 MHz4GB GDDR575WNvidia GeForce GTX 1050 Ti
AMD Radeon RX 56028.6Polaris 111175/1275 MHz4GB GDDR580WPowerColor Red Dragon Radeon RX 560
Nvidia GeForce GTX 105028.1GP1071354/1455 MHz2GB GDDR575WGigabyte GeForce GTX 1050
AMD Radeon RX 55017.9Polaris 121100/1183 MHz4GB GDDR550WPowerColor Radeon RX 550
Nvidia GeForce GT 103013.0GP1081228/1468 MHz2GB GDDR530WNvidia GeForce GT 1030

Nvidia’s GeForce RTX 2080 Ti is the logical choice for uncompromising 4K gaming, though if you're willing to dial-back detail settings in some games for fluid gameplay, the Radeon VII, Radeon RX 5700 XT, GeForce RTX 2080 Super, and GeForce GTX 1080 Ti are 4K-capable as well.

AMD’s Radeon RX 5700 occupies a lower performance tier, along with Nvidia’s GeForce RTX 2070 Super, GeForce RTX 2060 Super, the older AMD Radeon RX Vega 64, and Nvidia’s GeForce GTX 1080. They’re ideal for running at 2560x1440 using the highest quality presets. And as you can see, they score similarly in our index.

The GeForce RTX 2060GeForce GTX 1070 TiRadeon RX Vega 56 and GeForce GTX 1070 don’t land far from each other, either. All four cards are capable of great frame rates at 2560x1440, and they’re all good options for driving a VR head-mounted display.

There’s a larger group of Radeon RX 590Radeon RX 580, GeForce GTX 1060 (6GB)GeForce GTX 1060 (3GB), GeForce GTX 1650 and Radeon RX 570 boards that excel at 1920x1080. They can even be made serviceable at 2560x1440 if you dial down your detail settings far enough. But beware: insufficient GDDR5 memory on cards like the 3GB GeForce GTX 1060 may cause severe performance issues at higher resolutions.

This also affects the next category, where GeForce GTX 1050 appears slower than Radeon RX 560 due to the former’s 2GB of memory, hurting it in some games, like Forza. Gaming at 1920x1080 or 1280x720 is far more realistic with these cards.

Finally, Radeon RX 550 and GeForce GT 1030 close out this generation’s hierarchy with performance well-suited to popular eSports titles.

Test System and Configuration

Test System
ProcessorIntel Core i7-7700K
MotherboardMSI Z270 Gaming Pro Carbon
Memory32GB G.Skill TridentZ DDR4-3200 (4x 8GB)
Storage500GB Crucial MX200 SSD
Operating SystemWindows 10 Pro v.1803
Games
Far Cry 5v.1.06, Fullscreen, 1920x1080, High Graphics Quality, High Texture Filtering, High Shadows, High Geometry & Vegetation, High Environment, High Water, High Terrain, High Volumetric Fog, TAA Anti-Aliasing, Motion Blur On
Ashes of the Singularity: Escalationv.2.7532453, High Quality Profile, 2560x1440, Fullscreen, DirectX 12
Forza Horizon 4v.1.264.748.2, Ultra Dynamic Render Quality, 1920x1080, Ultra Quality Preset, Fullscreen, Unlocked Performance Target, 100% Resolution Scale, 16x Anisotropic Filtering, 2x MSAA Quality

Legacy GPU Hierarchy

Tom's Hardware readers accustomed to referencing our legacy desktop GPU hierarchy with historical comparisons dating back to the 1990s will find them below Here we group cards into performance tiers, pairing disparate generations where overlap occurs.

Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
Nvidia Titan RTX ($2874.00 On Amazon)
Nvidia GeForce RTX 2080 ($738.73 On Walmart)
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
Nvidia Titan XP ($1690.00 On Walmart)
Titan X (Pascal) ($1,649.99 On Amazon)AMD RX Vega 64 ($550.99 On Amazon)
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1080 Ti ($839.58 On Amazon)
Asus GTX 1080 ($899.00 On Walmart)
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
GTX Titan X (Maxwell)R9 295X2
GTX 1070 Ti ($469.99)RX Vega 56 ($469.99 On Newegg)
Nvidia EVGA GTX 1070 ($599.99 On Amazon)R9 Fury X
Nvidia GeForce GTX 980 Ti ($248.07 On Amazon)
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
GTX Titan BlackR9 Fury
GTX 980 ($539.99 On Amazon)R9 Fury Nano
GTX 690
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
AMD Radeon RX 580 ($94.30 On Walmart)
MSI RX 570 Gaming X 4G ($219.99 On Walmart)
GTX TitanRX 480 ($194.97 On Amazon)
GTX 1060 ($249.99 On Newegg)Radeon RX 470 4GB ($199.99 On Amazon)
GTX 970R9 390X ($429.99 On Amazon)
GTX 780 TiRadeon R9 390 ($499.00 On Amazon)
GTX 780R9 290X
R9 290
HD 7990
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
R9 380X
GTX 770AMD Radeon R9 380 ($446.44 On Amazon)
GTX 680R9 280X
GTX 590HD 7970 GHz Edition
HD 6990
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
Nvidia GeForce GTX 1050 ($142.47 On Amazon)R9 285
GTX 960 ($199.99 On Amazon)R9 280
GTX 670HD 7950
GTX 580HD 7870 LE (XT)
HD 5970
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
Geforce GTX 1050 ($139.97 On Amazon)MSI RX 560 4G Aero ($160.41 On Amazon)
GTX 950RX 460
GTX 760R7 370
GTX 660 TiR9 270X
R9 270
HD 7870
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
GTX 660R7 265
GTX 570HD 7850
GTX 480HD 6970
GTX 295HD 4870 X2
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
GTX 750 Ti
GTX 650 Ti BoostR7 260X
GTX 560 Ti (448 Core)HD 6950
GTX 560 TiHD 5870
GTX 470HD 4850 X2
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
GTX 750HD 7790
GTX 650 TiHD 6870
GTX 560HD 5850
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
GT 1030 ( On -)RX 550 ($79.99 On Amazon)
GTX 465R7 360
GTX 460 (256-bit)R7 260
GTX 285HD 7770
9800 GX2HD 6850
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
GT 740 GDDR5R7 250E
GT 650R7 250 (GDDR5)
GTX 560 SEHD 7750 (GDDR5)
GTX 550 TiHD 6790
GTX 460 SEHD 6770
GTX 460 (192-bit)HD 5830
GTX 280HD 5770
GTX 275HD 4890
GTX 260HD 4870
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
GTS 450R7 250 (DDR3)
GTS 250HD 7750 (DDR3)
9800 GTX+HD 6750
9800 GTXHD 5750
8800 UltraHD 4850
HD 3870 X2
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
GT 730 (64-bit, GDDR5)
GT 545 (GDDR5)HD 4770
8800 GTS (512MB)
8800 GTX
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
GT 740 DDR3HD 7730 (GDDR5)
GT 640 (DDR3)HD 6670 (GDDR5)
GT 545 (DDR3)HD 5670
9800 GTHD 4830
8800 GT (512MB)
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
GT 240 (GDDR5)HD 6570 (GDDR5)
9600 GTHD 5570 (GDDR5)
8800 GTS (640MB)HD 3870
HD 2900 XT
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
R7 240
GT 240 (DDR3)HD 7730 (DDR3)
9600 GSOHD 6670 (DDR3)
8800 GSHD 6570 (DDR3)
HD 5570 (DDR3)
HD 4670
HD 3850 (512MB)
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
GT 730 (128-bit, GDDR5)
GT 630 (GDDR5)HD 5550 (GDDR5)
GT 440 (GDDR5)HD 3850 (256MB)
8800 GTS (320MB)HD 2900 Pro
8800 GT (256MB)
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
GT 730 (128-bit, DDR3)HD 7660D (integrated)
GT 630 (DDR3)HD 5550 (DDR3)
GT 440 (DDR3)HD 4650 (DDR3)
7950 GX2X1950 XTX
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
GT 530
GT 430
7900 GTXX1900 XTX
7900 GTOX1950 XT
7800 GTX 512X1900 XT
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
HD 7560D (integrated)
GT 220 (DDR3)HD 5550 (DDR2)
7950 GHD 2900 GT
7900 GTX1950 Pro
7800 GTXX1900 GT
X1900 AIW
X1800 XT
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
HD 7540D (integrated)
GT 220 (DDR2)HD 6550D (integrated)
9500 GT (GDDR3)HD 6620G (integrated)
8600 GTSR5 230
7900 GSHD 6450
7800 GTHD 4650 (DDR2)
X1950 GT
X1800 XL
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
7480D (integrated)
6530D (integrated)
9500 GT (DDR2)6520G (integrated)
8600 GT (GDDR3)HD 3670
8600 GSHD 3650 (DDR3)
7800 GSHD 2600 XT
7600 GTX1800 GTO
6800 UltraX1650 XT
X850 XT PE
X800 XT PE
X850 XT
X800 XT
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
GT 5206480G (integrated)
8600 GT (DDR2)6410D (integrated)
6800 GS (PCIe)HD 3650 (DDR2)
6800 GTHD 2600 Pro
X800 GTO2/GTO16
X800 XL
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
6380G (integrated)
6370D (integrated)
6800 GS (AGP)X1650 GT
X850 Pro
X800 Pro
X800 GTO (256MB)
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
8600M GSX1650 Pro
7600 GSX1600 XT
7300 GT (GDDR3)X800 GTO (128MB)
6800X800
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
HD 6320 (integrated)
HD 6310 (integrated)
HD 5450
9400 GTHD 4550
8500 GTHD 4350
7300 GT (DDR2)HD 2400 XT
6800 XTX1600 Pro
6800LEX1300 XT
6600 GTX800 SE
X800 GT
X700 Pro
9800 XT
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
HD 6290 (integrated)
HD 6250 (integrated)
9400 (integrated)HD 4290 (integrated)
9300 (integrated)HD 4250 (integrated)
6600 (128-bit)HD 4200 (integrated)
FX 5950 UltraHD 3300 (integrated)
FX 5900 UltraHD 3200 (integrated)
FX 5900HD 2400 Pro
X1550
X1300 Pro
X700
9800 Pro
9800
9700 Pro
9700
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
X1050 (128-bit)
FX 5900 XTX600 XT
FX 5800 Ultra9800 Pro (128-bit)
9600 XT
9500 Pro
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
G 310
G 210
8400 GXpress 1250 (integrated)
8300HD 2300
6200X600 Pro
FX 5700 Ultra9800 LE
4 Ti 48009600 Pro
4 Ti 4600
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
9300M GS
9300M G
8400M GSX1050 (64-bit)
7300 GSX300
FX 5700, 6600 (64-bit)9600
FX 5600 Ultra9550
4 Ti4800 SE9500
4 Ti4400
4 Ti4200
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
8300 (integrated)
8200 (integrated)
7300 LEX1150
7200 GSX300 SE
6600 LE9600 LE
6200 TC9100
FX 5700 LE8500
FX 5600
FX 5200 Ultra
3 Ti500
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
FX 55009250
FX 5200 (128-bit)9200
3 Ti2009000
3
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
FX 7050 (integrated)Xpress 1150 (integrated)
FX 7025 (integrated)Xpress 1000 (integrated)
FX 6150 (integrated)Xpress 200M (integrated)
FX 6100 (integrated)9200 SE
FX 5200 (64-bit)
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
2 Ti 200
2 Ti7500
2 Ultra
4 MX 440
2 GTS
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
2 MX 4007200
4 MX 4207000
2 MX 200DDR
256LE
SDR
Nvidia GeForceAMD Radeon
Nvidia TNTRage 128

For even more information, check out our Graphics Card Buyer's Guide.

MORE: Best Graphics Cards for the Gaming in 2019

MORE: How to Stress-Test Graphics Cards (Like We Do)

MORE: AMD Radeon RX 480 Roundup

MORE: Nvidia GeForce GTX 1060 Roundup

MORE: Nvidia GeForce GTX 1070 Roundup

MORE: Nvidia GeForce GTX 1080 Roundup

Want to comment on this story? Let us know what you think in the Tom's Hardware Forums.

  • abryant
    Archived comments are found here: http://www.tomshardware.com/forum/id-3788872/desktop-gpu-performance-hierarchy-table.html
    Reply
  • jared.s.heath
    This needs to be updated to have new tiers for the 20xx cards.
    Reply
  • notea
    2080Ti and Titan RTX should be above the 2080, and the 2080 should be in the Titan Xp, 1080Ti section
    Reply
  • tyler.rorvig
    Can we get the RX 2060 put on the list?
    Reply
  • chalabam
    tyler.rorvig said:
    Can we get the RX 2060 put on the list?
    THAT!

    And also the radeon VII
    Reply
  • chalabam
    cangelini said:
    Here is a resource to help you judge if a graphics card is a reasonable value: The gaming GPU hierarchy chart groups GPUs by performance.

    Desktop GPU Performance Hierarchy Table : Read more
    Comments had been disabled on the articles. At least on PC. I didn't checked in mobile. I used many different browsers.
    Reply
  • cryoburner
    Was someone drinking while updating the chart again? : P

    Considering a 2080 is only slightly faster than a 1080 Ti, it seems a bit weird placing them in different tiers in the legacy chart. And why is the 2080 grouped in with the 2080 Ti, which can be upward of 30% faster at high resolutions? Likewise, it the 1080 shouldn't be with the 1080 Ti, as there's a similar performance difference between those two as well. And seeing as the RTX 2070, 2060, RX 590 and Radeon VII are not included in that chart, I take it these weird groupings may have been this way for a while. I think there needs to be a couple more tiers tucked in there.

    Also, since when does Vega 64 have a 180 watt TDP? That would be lower than Vega 56, or even the RX 580.
    Reply
  • COLGeek
    Please see here: https://forums.tomshardware.com/threads/gpu-hierarchy-chart-power-column-is-broken.3455978/#post-20903004
    There appears to be a few discrepancies regarding the wattage requirements of some GPUs. Thank you.
    Reply
  • willz06jw
    On the legacy GPU Hierarchy list the 1080 has a price next to it that is too high (999) -- it is different than the price up top.

    Thanks for these lists
    Will
    Reply
  • cryoburner
    willz06jw said:
    On the legacy GPU Hierarchy list the 1080 has a price next to it that is too high (999) -- it is different than the price up top.
    I believe those prices are automated through their referral link system, based on the current price of a particular model of card on Amazon. Being a previous-gen card that is no longer manufactured and now in short supply, the price of buying one new will have a lot of variance. Even the link up top currently showing $855 is grossly overpriced. There is little point in buying a GTX 1080 that has its price marked up higher than an RX 2080, especially since even an RX 2070 would be a bit faster. At this point, they should just remove the referral links for anything but the current generation of cards.

    In any case, the legacy list itself has been a bit of a mess lately. As I mentioned back in February, the 2080 and 2080 Ti are still listed together in the same performance tier, while the 1080 and 1080 Ti are in another, despite those cards having a notable difference in performance between them. The 2080 should be dropped into the 1080 Ti's tier, the 1080 (and Vega 64) should be dropped into the 1070 Ti's tier, and the 1070 and 980 Ti should be dropped into another tier. And of course, none of the new cards have been added to the legacy list since the 2080 launched half a year ago.

    This list was nice to have as a rough comparison of how graphics cards compared across generations, but at this point, especially seeing as it's been neglected lately, there are better options. One can go to UserBenchmark, enter their GPU section, and sort the list by "average bench %" to get a more complete overview of how graphics cards roughly compare to one another. And that list also includes entries for mobile and integrated graphics hardware.
    Reply