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Samsung 870 QVO SATA SSD Review: Taking Baby Steps With QLC

New hardware brings higher capacity, but minuscule performance gains

Samsung 870 QVO SSD (1TB)
(Image: © Tom's Hardware)

Our Verdict

Samsung’s 870 QVO pushes SATA SSD capacity to new heights, but the QLC flash that enables up to 8TB of storage requires sacrifices in both performance and endurance. The 870 QVO also has a measly three-year warranty and high pricing that make other alternatives more attractive.

For

  • Up to 8TB of capacity
  • Aesthetics & build quality
  • Higher-than-average QLC flash endurance ratings
  • AES 256-bit encryption
  • Improved read performance
  • Software suite

Against

  • High price-per-GB for QLC
  • Slow write performance after SLC cache is full
  • Write endurance is lower than TLC flash
  • Three-year warranty

Samsung still hasn't released an 8TB M.2 NVMe SSD, but today’s 870 QVO launch encompasses a range of second-gen QLC SSDs that will stretch up to 8TB of capacity and should vie for a spot on our list of best SSDs. However, unlike Sabrent's monstrous 8TB Rocket Q that landed in the M.2 form factor, the Samsung drives come with the SATA interface. 

Packing the company's V5 V-NAND 9x-Layer QLC flash and a new controller, the Samsung 870 QVO aims to be the highest-capacity 2.5" SSD you can get your hands on, but the king of the hill 8TB model doesn’t come out until August. For now, we have the 1TB model in for testing to give us an idea of how the new drives stack up.

We're no stranger to high capacity storage, but we were a bit surprised to see a third-party product like Sabrent’s 8TB Rocket Q SSD come to market before the almighty Samsung SSD storage division dropped an 8TB bomb on us. However, while Sabrent's Rocket Q offers high performance in addition to its copious capacity, it's still very expensive. In contrast, Samsung says it doesn't like to jump ahead and introduce a product to the market prematurely. Instead, the company says it waited patiently until both customer demand and pricing both made sense, which is why we haven't seen the company release an 8TB consumer SSD until today. 

Right now, aside from the avid videographer or data scientist, there aren’t many users that need to cram 8TB into a laptop. Sure, there are data hoarders that eat, sleep, and breathe SFF PC, but how many users really need the combination of 8TB of capacity and NVMe speed? For most users on the hunt for bulk flash storage, a cheap high capacity SATA SSD is usually is a great step up from an HDD, especially in terms of durability on the move.

The 8TB 870 QVO's price was recently leaked at upwards of $900, but Samsung says it will announce final pricing when it actually ships the drives. Until then, we will just have to make do with the available 1TB-4TB options that Samsung priced at up to $500 (at the time of writing). Unfortunately the QVO's QLC flash, which enables up to 8TB of storage, requires sacrifices in both performance and endurance, and the measly three-year warranty and high pricing make other alternatives more attractive.

Samsung 870 QVO Specifications

Product870 QVO 1TB870 QVO 2TB870 QVO 4TB870 QVO 8TB
Pricing$129.99 $249.99$499.99$$$
Capacity (User / Raw)1000GB / 1024GB2000GB / 2048GB4000GB / 4096GB8000GB / 8192GB
Form Factor2.5" 7mm2.5" 7mm2.5" 7mm2.5" 7mm
Interface / ProtocolSATA 6.0 Gb/s / AHCISATA 6.0 Gb/s / AHCISATA 6.0 Gb/s / AHCISATA 6.0 Gb/s / AHCI
ControllerSamsung MKX 'Metis'Samsung MKX 'Metis'Samsung MKX 'Metis'Samsung MKX 'Metis'
DRAMLPDDR4LPDDR4LPDDR4LPDDR4
MemorySamsung 9xL QLCSamsung 9xL QLCSamsung 9xL QLCSamsung 9xL QLC
Sequential Read560 MBps560 MBps560 MBps560 MBps
Sequential Write530 MBps530 MBps530 MBps530 MBps
Random Read98,000 IOPS98,000 IOPS98,000 IOPS98,000 IOPS
Random Write88,000 IOPS88,000 IOPS88,000 IOPS88,000 IOPS
SecurityAES 256-bit, TCG/Opal V2.0, IEEE1667AES 256-bit, TCG/Opal V2.0, IEEE1667AES 256-bit, TCG/Opal V2.0, IEEE1667AES 256-bit, TCG/Opal V2.0, IEEE1667
Endurance (TBW)360 TB720 TB1,440 TB2,880 TB
Part Number MZ-77Q1T0 MZ-77Q2T0 MZ-77Q4T0 MZ-77Q8T0
Warranty3-Years3-Years3-Years3-Years

At around $0.11-$0.13 per gigabyte, Samsung priced the 870 QVO lower than the 860 QVO's launch pricing. The company says it improved random performance by 13% at a queue depth (QD) of 1 thanks to the new controller and flash. 

The QVO's specs list the drive at up to 560/530 MBps of sequential read/write throughput and up to 98,000/88,000 random read/write IOPS. Samsung bases these speeds on SLC caching performance, but after the cache fills, write performance will degrade to much slower speeds. We'll put that to the test on the following page.

(Image credit: Samsung)

To deliver responsive performance and high endurance, Samsung's 870 QVO uses the same Intelligent TurboWrite SLC caching mechanism as the 860 QVO. Samsung's Intelligent TurboWrite is a hybrid caching implementation with both a static 6GB SLC cache at all capacities for the 860 QVO, and an additional 36GB or 72GB dynamic cache (varies based on drive capacity). For the 1TB 870 QVO, the Intelligent TurboWrite cache measures up to 42GB, while the higher-capacity models have up to 78GB of cache.

The 870 QVO's endurance is significantly higher than many of its QLC competitors, like Sabrent's Rocket Q, Intel's SSD 665p, and Crucial's P1. With Low-Density Parity-Check (LDPC) ECC ensuring data integrity on top of the TurboWrite technology, Samsung warranties the 870 QVO to write up to 360TB of data per 1TB of capacity, or for a three-year lifespan, whichever comes first.

The short warranty is disappointing to see when most SSDs in the 870 QVO's price bracket come backed by five-year warranties and often have more endurant TLC flash. The 870 QVO does support encryption features that many SSDs lack. In addition to supporting common features like Trim, SMART data reporting, and secure erase, it also comes with AES 256-bit hardware encryption that is TCG Opal 2.0-compliant (IEEE1667 spec).

Software and Accessories

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Samsung 870 QVO SSD (1TB)

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Samsung 870 QVO SSD (1TB)

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Samsung 870 QVO SSD (1TB)

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Samsung 870 QVO SSD (1TB)

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Samsung doesn't ship any accessories with the 970 QVO, but the company does provide software support. Samsung's Magician and Migration tools are both available for download on the company's website and allow you to monitor, benchmark, and update the firmware of Samsung SSDs, as well as clone your old data over to your new SSD.

A Closer Look

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Samsung 870 QVO SSD (1TB)

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
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Samsung 870 QVO SSD (1TB)

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Samsung 870 QVO SSD (1TB)

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Samsung 870 QVO SSD (1TB)

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Samsung 870 QVO SSD (1TB)

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Samsung 870 QVO SSD (1TB)

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Samsung's 870 QVO comes in a 2.5" 7mm SATA form factor and sports an all-metal casing, differentiating it from most SATA SSDs that come with cheap plastic cases. It also features a slightly darker grey finish than the 860 QVO before it.

Samsung kept internal componentry to a minimum. Samsung's 870 QVO comes with a new SATA 6Gbps SSD controller, but the company is tight-lipped about the details of the hardware. We know the controller is based on ARM architecture, as Samsung has always done, and that it's named the MKX. We also see 'Metis' emblazoned on the controller package, but that's it.

Based on the SSD's specs and performance in testing, the new MKX 'Metis' controller should be similar to Samsung's versatile tri-core MJX 'Maru' SSD controller the company used in the 860 QVO, EVO, PRO, and DCT models. Along with potentially having three CPU cores, it also supports DRAM and could have up to eight flash channels with eight chip enables apiece to interface with the flash dies. Samsung's 870 QVO uses 1GB of LPDDR4 DRAM per terabyte of capacity for the controller to use as buffer space for NAND management and background tasks, while the controller cores manage host interaction, reading, and writing tasks.

Our 1TB model has just a single NAND package of Samsung's latest V5 V-NAND QLC. Inside the package, eight 1Tb (128GiB) 9x-Layer QLC flash die interface with the controller at Toggle DDR 4.0 speeds of up to 1,400 MT/s, roughly double that of most competitors, while only requiring 1.2V for operation. Samsung set 9% of the raw capacity aside for management tasks, but that still leaves you with plenty of space for personal data.

  • deesider
    Samsung says it doesn't like to jump ahead and introduce a product to the market prematurely
    What - which Samsung is this?!
    Reply
  • Adz_au
    Is there another QLC comparison/comparable drive, other than Samsung?
    Reply
  • 2Be_or_Not2Be
    There are a number of terrible QLC-based drives, like the Intel 660p, Sabrent Rocket Q (shame on Sabrent for associating the model name of their better-performing Rocket drive w/TLC!), etc.. I put them on the same low-performance tier as DRAM-less SSDs - that is, the tier of "do not buy". You're basically not saving any money over much higher-performing TLC-based alternatives (not DRAM-less) the way they are pricing the QLC drives.

    I would only use a QLC-based SSD for large storage wherein you can make backups to it that happen overnight or some time when you don't care about the much slower performance of the drive. Also, your use case dictates that you can only fit a SSD instead of a cheaper (and larger) 3.5" HDD (or two).
    Reply