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Thermaltake Toughpower TF1 1550W Power Supply Review

The Toughpower TF1 1550W will easily handle everything you throw at it.

Thermaltake Toughpower TF1
(Image: © Tom's Hardware)

To learn more about our PSU tests and methodology, please check out How We Test Power Supply Units. 

Primary Rails And 5VSB Load Regulation

The following charts show the main rails' voltage values recorded between a range of 40W up to the PSU's maximum specified load, along with the deviation (in percent). Tight regulation is an important consideration every time we review a power supply, as it facilitates constant voltage levels despite varying loads. Tight load regulation also, among other factors, improves the system’s stability, especially under overclocked conditions. At the same time, it applies less stress to the DC-DC converters that many system components utilize.

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Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Results 1-8: Load Regulation

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Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
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Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
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Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
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Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
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Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
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Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
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Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Load regulation is tight enough, if not leading, on all rails. 

Hold-Up Time

Put simply; hold-up time is the amount of time that the system can continue to run without shutting down or rebooting during a power interruption.

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Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Results 9-12: Hold-Up Time

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Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
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Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
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Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

The hold-up time here is close to 19ms. The Dark Power Pro 12 1,500W achieves longer hold-up time, despite the lower combined capacity of its bulk caps. Most likely, it uses a different switching profile.

Inrush Current

Inrush current, or switch-on surge, refers to the maximum instantaneous input current drawn by an electrical device when it is first turned on. A large enough inrush current can cause circuit breakers and fuses to trip. It can also damage switches, relays, and bridge rectifiers. As a result, the lower the inrush current of a PSU right as it is turned on, the better.

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Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Results 13-14: Inrush Current

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Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Inrush current is low at 115V and at normal levels at 230V, given the overall capacity of the bulk caps. 

Leakage Current

In layman's terms, leakage current is the unwanted transfer of energy from one circuit to another. In power supplies, it is the current flowing from the primary side to the ground or the chassis, which in the majority of cases is connected to the ground. For measuring leakage current, we use a GW Instek GPT-9904 electrical safety tester instrument.

We conduct our leakage current test at 110% of the DUT's rated voltage input (so for a 230-240V device, we conduct the test with 253-264V input). The maximum acceptable limit of a leakage current as defined by the IEC-60950-1 regulation is 3.5 mA, ensuring that the current is low and will not harm any person coming in contact with the power supply's chassis.

Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Leakage current is low.

10-110% Load Tests

These tests reveal the PSU's load regulation and efficiency levels under high ambient temperatures. They also show how the fan speed profile behaves under increased operating temperatures.

Test #12V5V3.3V5VSBDC/AC (Watts)EfficiencyFan Speed (RPM)PSU Noise (dB[A])Temps (In/Out)PF/AC Volts
111.114A1.999A2.001A1.000A155.69791.912%308<6.040.08°C0.984
12.044V5.084V3.306V5.062V169.39742.88°C115.13V
223.262A3.000A3.000A1.200A311.18193.758%309<6.040.56°C0.995
12.035V5.083V3.302V5.057V331.89944.16°C115.12V
335.759A3.500A3.501A1.400A466.44493.914%310<6.041.10°C0.997
12.026V5.081V3.299V5.052V496.67045.27°C115.11V
448.252A4.000A4.002A1.600A621.43893.443%310<6.041.27°C0.998
12.017V5.081V3.297V5.047V665.04546.15°C115.09V
560.392A5.001A5.001A1.800A776.14692.748%58914.542.41°C0.999
12.008V5.081V3.294V5.042V836.83648.03°C115.08V
672.542A6.003A6.000A2.000A930.58892.090%110934.142.74°C0.999
11.997V5.079V3.290V5.036V1010.52148.89°C115.08V
784.678A7.002A7.000A2.200A1084.64491.153%134239.043.34°C0.999
11.987V5.077V3.285V5.029V1189.92150.13°C115.06V
896.826A8.002A8.000A2.401A1238.51490.141%153743.043.66°C0.999
11.976V5.075V3.282V5.023V1373.97651.06°C115.05V
9109.391A8.502A8.500A2.401A1392.02288.921%189248.344.37°C0.998
11.966V5.073V3.278V5.021V1565.46652.54°C115.04V
10121.722A9.005A8.999A3.001A1545.32187.717%220552.145.11°C0.998
11.955V5.070V3.274V5.004V1761.71154.25°C115.03V
11134.643A9.004A9.000A3.001A1698.52786.718%220552.147.28°C0.998
11.946V5.068V3.271V5.002V1958.67556.98°C115.02V
CL10.121A14.005A14.001A0.000A119.31085.791%328<6.041.89°C0.977
12.040V5.110V3.306V5.121V139.07147.61°C115.14V
CL2129.184A1.000A0.998A1.000A1558.81187.977%205550.445.52°C0.998
11.963V5.069V3.281V5.040V1771.83054.63°C115.03V

This PSU's fan operates at very low speeds up to a 621W load, with the ambient temperature exceeding 41 degrees Celsius. Its highly efficient platform helps in this, since the thermal load doesn't exceed 44W in this scenario. 

For us, the fan operated at full speed only during the full load and overload tests, with the ambient temperature being between 45 and 47 degrees Celsius. 

20-80W Load Tests

In the following tests, we measured the PSU's efficiency at loads significantly lower than 10% of its maximum capacity (the lowest load the 80 PLUS standard measures). This is important for representing when a PC is idle with power-saving features turned on.

Test #12V5V3.3V5VSBDC/AC (Watts)EfficiencyFan Speed (RPM)PSU Noise (dB[A])PF/AC Volts
11.240A0.501A0.501A0.200A20.16367.912%305<6.00.777
12.051V5.082V3.308V5.077V29.690115.13V
22.472A1.001A1.001A0.400A40.21579.876%306<6.00.905
12.050V5.082V3.308V5.073V50.347115.13V
33.712A1.501A1.501A0.600A60.36284.896%307<6.00.944
12.049V5.083V3.307V5.070V71.101115.13V
44.952A2.000A2.002A0.800A80.50787.732%307<6.00.960
12.048V5.085V3.307V5.068V91.765115.13V

We would like to see over 70% efficiency in the first test and above 80% in the second test. This is a high-capacity PSU, though, so this is not easy to achieve. 

2% or 10W Load Test

Intel plans on raising the ante at efficiency levels under ultra-light loads. So from July 2020, the ATX spec will require 70% and higher efficiency with 115V input. The applied load for this test is only 10W for PSUs with 500W and lower capacities, while for stronger units we dial 2% of their max-rated-capacity.

Test #12V5V3.3V5VSBDC/AC (Watts)EfficiencyFan Speed (RPM)PSU Noise (dB[A])PF/AC Volts
12.377A0.266A0.266A0.055A31.14275.729%301<6.00.866
12.047V5.073V3.304V5.070V41.123115.14V

The registered efficiency with a 2% load is quite high on the Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1,550W, easily exceeding the 70% mark that the newer Intel specifications require. 

Efficiency & Power Factor

Next, we plotted a chart showing the PSU's efficiency at low loads, and loads from 10 to 110% of its maximum rated capacity. The higher a PSU’s efficiency, the less energy goes wasted, leading to a reduced carbon footprint and lower electricity bills. The same goes for Power Factor.

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Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Results 15-18: Efficiency

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Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
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Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
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Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

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Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
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Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

This PSU uses an efficient platform, achieving notably better performance than the Dark Power Pro 12 unit at light loads. Still, it cannot compete with the Corsair and Wentai models, which use a cutting-edge APFC converter. 

5VSB Efficiency

Test #5VSBDC/AC (Watts)EfficiencyPF/AC Volts
10.100A0.50374.851%0.062
5.031V0.672115.11V
20.250A1.25777.164%0.141
5.029V1.629115.11V
30.550A2.76378.294%0.256
5.023V3.529115.11V
41.000A5.01577.680%0.357
5.014V6.456115.11V
51.500A7.50877.642%0.414
5.004V9.670115.11V
63.001A14.92776.963%0.488
4.974V19.395115.12V
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Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Results 19-20: 5VSB Efficiency

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Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

CWT should use a more capable 5VSB circuit. When this PSU is in operation, the 5VSB circuit looks to switch to 5V, which is more efficient. 

Power Consumption In Idle And Standby

Mode12V5V3.3V5VSBWattsPF/AC Volts
Idle12.047V5.068V3.302V5.066V9.6730.482
115.1V
Standby0.0120.001
115.1V
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Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Results 21-22: Vampire Power

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Thermaltake ToughPower TF1 1550W

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Vampire power is dead low, especially with 115V input. 

Fan RPM, Delta Temperature, And Output Noise

All results are obtained between an ambient temperature of 37 to 47 degrees Celsius (98.6 to 116.6 degrees Fahrenheit).

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Up to a 620W load, this unit's fan speed and noise are extremely low. But the fan's noise exceeds 34 dBA with a 930.6W load, and it goes over 40 dBA at 1,238.5W. This is a high-capacity PSU, though, so we expect it to get loud under stressful conditions. 

The following results were obtained at 30 to 32 degrees Celsius (86 to 89.6 degrees Fahrenheit) ambient temperature.       

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Under normal temperature conditions, noise output is extremely low up to a 750W load, while up to 920W noise doesn't exceed 15 dBA. With higher loads, though, the fan's noise notably increases, exceeding 30 dBA with a 1,025W load, 40 dBA with a 1,260W load, and entering the 45-50 dBA region with loads higher than 1,380W. 

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Aris Mpitziopoulos
Aris Mpitziopoulos is a Contributing Editor at Tom's Hardware US, covering PSUs.