Advanced Transient Response Tests
For details about our transient response testing, please click here.
In the real world, power supplies are always working with loads that change. It's of immense importance, then, for the PSU to keep its rails within the ATX specification's defined ranges. The smaller the deviations, the more stable your PC will be with less stress applied to its components.
We should note that the ATX spec requires capacitive loading during the transient rests, but in our methodology, we also choose to apply a worst case scenario with no additional capacitance on the rails.
Advanced Transient Response at 20% – 20ms
Advanced Transient Response at 20% – 10ms
Advanced Transient Response at 20% – 1ms
Advanced Transient Response at 50% – 20ms
Advanced Transient Response at 50% – 10ms
Advanced Transient Response at 50% – 1ms
The transient response is satisfactory on the 12V, 3.3V and 5VSB rails and very good at 5V.
Turn-On Transient Tests
In the next set of tests, we measure the PSU's response in simpler transient load scenarios — during its power-on phase. Ideally, we don't want to see any voltage overshoots or spikes since those put a lot of stress on the DC-DC converters of installed components.
There is a small step in the 5VSB rail's waveform and small voltage overshoots at 12. That's decent performance, overall.
Ripple represent the AC fluctuations (periodic) and noise (random) found in the PSU's DC rails. This phenomenon significantly decreases the capacitors' lifespan because it causes them to run hotter. A 10-degree Celsius increase can cut into a cap's useful life by 50%. Ripple also plays an important role in overall system stability, especially when overclocking is involved.
The ripple limits, according to the ATX specification, are 120mV (+12V) and 50mV (5V, 3.3V, and 5VSB).
|10% Load||12.8 mV||9.3 mV||11.5 mV||11.9 mV||Pass|
|20% Load||13.5 mV||10.3 mV||13.2 mV||14.7 mV||Pass|
|30% Load||15.2 mV||11.4 mV||13.2 mV||14.7 mV||Pass|
|40% Load||16.2 mV||11.8 mV||14.1 mV||16.5 mV||Pass|
|50% Load||16.3 mV||12.5 mV||15.0 mV||17.8 mV||Pass|
|60% Load||18.4 mV||12.8 mV||14.3 mV||17.5 mV||Pass|
|70% Load||18.2 mV||12.8 mV||15.1 mV||19.2 mV||Pass|
|80% Load||19.4 mV||12.5 mV||15.3 mV||20.4 mV||Pass|
|90% Load||20.8 mV||13.4 mV||14.9 mV||20.8 mV||Pass|
|100% Load||26.5 mV||13.8 mV||17.1 mV||23.3 mV||Pass|
|110% Load||27.7 mV||15.2 mV||17.8 mV||24.0 mV||Pass|
|Crossload 1||16.0 mV||11.2 mV||14.3 mV||14.4 mV||Pass|
|Crossload 2||25.6 mV||13.8 mV||17.0 mV||22.1 mV||Pass|
The ripple suppression is good on all rails, although the competition achieves better performance here. The majority of manufacturers pay extra attention to ripple suppression, so the performance in this section has reached amazingly high levels. We often meet PSUs with lower than 20mV ripple at 12V and below 15mV on the minor rails, under full load.
Ripple At Full Load
Ripple At 110% Load
Ripple At Cross-Load 1
Ripple At Cross-Load 2
EMC Pre-Compliance Testing – Average & Quasi-Peak EMI Detector Results
Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) is the ability of a device to operate properly in its environment without disrupting the proper operation of other nearby devices.
Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) is the electromagnetic energy a device emits, and it can cause problems in other nearby devices if too high. For example, it can be the cause of increased static noise in your headphones or/and speakers.
There are some spurs with the average EMI detector. On the contrary, with the QP detector, which is more accurate, there are no problems.
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