How to Stress-Test CPUs and PCs (Like We Do)

System: AIDA64, powerMAX & Heavy Load

AIDA64 With FPU & GPU

The problem with AIDA64’s combined CPU and GPU stress test is that, even though it effectively isolates the performance of specific subsystems, the ratio of CPU and GPU load just isn’t right. This makes the test unrealistic. Adding up all of the individual loads to achieve a generally taxing scenario might provide some useful information, but we've already discussed better alternatives for the same type of task.

Even if the Stress CPU, Stress System Memory, and Stress GPU(s) settings are all activated at once, AIDA64’s efforts still fail to yield a realistic workload.


CPU Package
(PECI)
Core
Average
Sensor
Socket
GPU
Diode
CPU
(Watts)
GPU
(Watts)

System
(Watts)
Measurement84°C
83°C
96°C
61°C
150W
86W
307W
Compared to Maximum98.8%
97.6%
92.3%
95.3%
88.8%
85.1%
86.0%
AssessmentHigh package temperature
Very high socket temperature
Average memory temperature
Below game-level GPU power consumption
Much higher than game-level CPU and system power consumption
Use forNot really suitable for combined stress testing

powerMAX With AVX Or SSE & GPU

powerMAX wasn’t one of our top contenders when it came to GPU stress testing. Can it redeem itself through the addition of an integrated CPU stress test? We run both versions again in order to find out what powerMAX does well. The GPU workload remains windowed in order to avoid pushing the CPU stress test too far into the background. We also ensure the GPU stress test window is active.

powerMAX With AVX & GPU

powerMAX has the same problems as AIDA64: Its CPU load is way too high, while the graphics load is a little too low. This test is simple and convenient to run, but it just doesn’t provide balance. It’s not suitable for pushing your system to its limits, and it doesn’t simulate normal operation, either.


CPU Package
(PECI)
Core
Average
Sensor
Socket
GPU
Diode
CPU
(Watts)
GPU
(Watts)

System
(Watts)
Measurement79°C
79°C
98°C
62°C
156W
89W
313W
Compared to Maximum92.9%
92.9%
94.2%
96.9%
92.3%
88.1%
87.0%
AssessmentSomewhat high package and core temperature
Very high socket temperature
Somewhat low memory temperature
Below game-level GPU power consumption
Much higher than game-level CPU and system power consumption
Use forNot really suitable for combined stress testing

powerMAX With SSE & GPU

Using the SSE code path shifts load from the CPU to the GPU. But that's not enough to simulate a realistic gaming scenario, and it’s not enough to push the system to its limits. Ultimately, our conclusions about this utility's AVX code path apply here as well.


CPU Package
(PECI)
Core
Average
Sensor
Socket
GPU
Diode
CPU
(Watts)
GPU
(Watts)

System
(Watts)
Measurement69°C
68°C
82°C
62°C
130W
90W
280W
Compared to Maximum81.2%
80%
78.8%
96.9%
76.9%
89.1%
78.4%
AssessmentSomewhat lower package and core temperature
Medium socket temperature
Somewhat low memory temperature
Below game-level GPU power consumption
Much higher than game-level CPU and system power consumption
Use forNot really suitable for combined stress testing

Heavy Load With CPU & GPU

Heavy Load didn’t exactly inspire confidence in us when we tried its CPU and GPU tests on their own. As it turns out, combining two bad tests gets you another bad test. In fact, it’s completely unusable as either a stress or stability test, unless you want to be duped into believing an over-enthusiastic overclock will run stably under truly taxing loads.


CPU Package
(PECI)
Core
Average
Sensor
Socket
GPU
Diode
CPU
(Watts)
GPU
(Watts)

System
(Watts)
Measurement58°C
57°C
59°C
49°C
100W
34W
186W
Compared to Maximum68.2%
67.1%
56.7%
76.6%
59.2%
33.7%
52.1%
AssessmentVery low package and core temperature
Low socket temperature
Low memory temperature
Very low GPU power consumption
Use forNot suitable at all for combined stress testing

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  • WINTERLORD
    Is this like a fancy water cooler im guessing? what about a typical AIO cooler. In fact i have a skyth fuma but may save up to get some kind of AIO water cooling been tryin to find decent reviews on decent water coolers both cheap and if needed high end. not no alpha cooler though lol
    Alphacool Eisblock XPX ($73.99 On Newegg)
    Alphacool Eiszeit 2000 Chiller
  • FormatC
    This is a high-end compressor cooler for up to 1500 watts heat input. It's a modified version from industry and mostly used to cool the head of powerful laser cutters. Why I'm using this one? To show, which program is able to do it right. If you have additionally limitations from coolers, thermal throttling and other funny things, you will never see the exact difference. I can keep a constant water temperature of 20°C to make all the test results comparable. ;)
  • Th_Redman
    What did you guys put on the hotdog after testing? A little mustard, ketchup, relish, sauerkraut...? LOL.
  • WINTERLORD
    is actually a great article one can resort reference too. Good Job!
  • aquielisunari
    I use Aida, Prime 26.6, Superposition, UserBenchmark, MSI's kombustor and I no longer use Heaven. I may be forgetting a couple. But something has always felt a little off. I finally see what it was. My build was missing a hotdog and its bun. I always do love learning from the pros. I placed it on a piece of parchment and instantly I notice a difference.

    I routinely check temperatures, loads and other info from my system. I also stress test with different CPU and GPU benchmark/stress test software. Thanks for the info. Page bookmarked.
  • CompuTronix
    As the author of the Intel Temperature Guide - http://www.tomshardware.com/forum/id-1800828/intel-temperature-guide.html - I can fully appreciate how much work went into creating this outstanding article, which has been sorely needed!

    Since most users test their rigs without a sense of scale for power and temperature, they can't compare apples to apples, especially when combined with major variables such as differences in ambient temperature, hardware configurations and software utilities. This article provides a perspective and some excellent comparisons.

    The Intel Temperature Guide differs in its approach toward the topic of processor Core temperatures and cooling with respect to Intel's TDP specifications, and distinguishes between steady workloads for thermal testing versus fluctuating workloads for stability testing. Nevertheless, our results are very similar.

    However, since Intel validates their thermal specifications at a steady 100% TDP, it's most appropriate to select utilities that don't overload or underload the CPU. The only utilities I've ever found that come as close as possible to 100% TDP are Prime95 v26.6 Small FFT's as a steady workload for thermal testing, and Asus RealBench as a fluctuating workload for stability testing.

    Although the topic of Prime95 (with and without AVX) was covered, I would like to have seen RealBench included in your test suite,since it's widely accepted as an excellent utility for testing overall system stability, and uses a realistic AVX workload.

    Otherwise, great work! I was very pleased to read this article!

    CT :sol:
  • cangelini
    111321 said:
    As the author of the Intel Temperature Guide - http://www.tomshardware.com/forum/id-1800828/intel-temperature-guide.html - I can fully appreciate how much work went into creating this outstanding article, which has been sorely needed! Since most users test their rigs without a sense of scale for power and temperature, they can't compare apples to apples, especially when combined with major variables such as differences in ambient temperature, hardware configurations and software utilities. This article provides some excellent comparisons. The Intel Temperature Guide differs in its approach toward the topic of processor Core temperatures and cooling with respect to Intel's TDP specifications, and distinguishes between steady workloads for thermal testing versus fluctuating workloads for stability testing. Nevertheless, our results are very similar. However, since Intel validates their thermal specifications at a steady 100% TDP, it's most appropriate to select utilities that don't overload or underload the CPU. The only utilities I've ever found that come as close as possible to 100% TDP are Prime95 v26.6 Small FFT's for thermal testing, which is a steady workload, and Asus RealBench for stability testing, which is a fluctuating workload. Although the topic of Prime95 (with and without AVX) was covered, I would like to have seen RealBench included in your test suite, as it's widely accepted as an excellent utility for testing overall system stability, and uses a realistic AVX workload. Otherwise, great work! I was very pleased to read this article! CT :sol:


    That's an awesome resource, CT!
  • WyomingKnott
    442003 said:
    What did you guys put on the hotdog after testing? A little mustard, ketchup, relish, sauerkraut...? LOL.


    Thermal compound. Why not? People have used condiments between their CPUs and their coolers.
  • FormatC
    Step 1 - Collect all what I need:


    Step 2 - Start the oven


    Step 3 - Enjoy!

    The benchmark:



    The complete review was so funny, but it was never translated :(