Page 1:Everything You Wanted To Know About Cooling A CPU
Page 2:Interaction Of The Heat Spreader And Heat Sink
Page 3:The Differences Between AMD And Intel Heat Spreaders
Page 4:Choosing The Right Paste: More Than A Matter Of Price
Page 5:Applying Thermal Paste, Part One
Page 6:Applying Thermal Paste, Part Two
Page 7:Why Do We Test Each Paste In Four Scenarios?
Page 8:Get Ready For The Thermal Compound Benchmarks!
Why Do We Test Each Paste In Four Scenarios?
In choosing four test platforms, I incorporate feedback from our valued readers. For instance, you wanted to see us take the cooler mounting pressure into account. We're skipping the LN2-based testing and focusing on scenarios you'll encounter in the real world. For example, we're using popular pre-assembled water coolers that should ensure heat sink temperatures below 60 °C (140 °F), premium aftermarket air coolers with back plates that should demonstrate high mounting pressure, and a run-of-the-mill budget cooler with push-pin mounting (that'll give us limited pressure). Stock coolers like that let the CPU get above 60 °C/140 °F (AMD) and 80 °C/176 °F (Intel).
Depending on viscosity and composition, not all pastes are a good fit for every application, nor are they all well-suited for novices. This warning also applies to replacing the heat sink on your GPU, and we'll discuss that separately below.
First, let's take a look at the three systems I used to test each thermal compound.
|Test System One: Closed-Loop Liquid Cooling|
|Fan||Original H80i fan, powered from an unregulated 7 V supply|
|Motherboard||Asus 990FX Sabertooth|
|Test System Two: Air Cooler with Back Plate (Screwed On)|
|Cooler||be quiet! Shadow Rock|
|Fan||Original Shadow Rock fan, speed set to 70%|
|CPU||Intel Core 2 Quad Q6600 (Q0 Stepping) At 2.66 GHz|
|Test System Three: Intel Boxed Cooler (Mounted with Push Pins)|
|Cooler||Intel Boxed Cooler|
|Fan||Original Intel Fan, Speed set to 80%|
|CPU||Intel Core 2 Duo E6850|
Testing Thermal Paste on a Graphics Card
This is a somewhat sensitive topic, and for safety reasons I excluded electrically conductive or liquid metal pastes from my testing. Since GPUs don’t have a heat spreader, but allow the cooler’s sink to directly sit on the die, I didn't want anyone to risk a short circuit.
I also used an older graphics card, which was convenient to test with. Its cooler was mounted using four screws and its fan speed could be dialed in to a constant value. Furthermore, I figured that an older card would be more tolerant of the higher temperatures I'd see. After all, we didn't want a cheap paste to destroy an expensive, current-gen board. Fortunately, the GPU die size and surface temperature are still comparable to modern mid-range cards.
|Test System Four: Graphics Card Test|
|Cooler||Zalman GPU cooler|
|Fan||Original Zalman fan, speed set to 80%|
|CPU||AMD Radeon HD 4850|
|Test Environment||Test System 1 (see above)|
Test Cycles, Test Duration and Settings
I should also explain how I took my measurements. Because the digital temperature sensors built-in to modern CPUs only give us uncalibrated Tcore values, I used the old way of measuring die temperature with a thermal diode under the heat spreader. The processors in this story still use soldered-on spreaders, so this value should be fairly accurate. I'll report the difference between Tcase and the room temperature, since that latter figure wasn't as constant as I would have liked through all of the benchmarking.
For the graphics card, I used the temperature as the GPU reported it. That number wasn't influenced by minor changes in room temperature.
|Room Temperature||Approx. 72 °F (between 70 and 73 °F)|
|Results of CPU Tests||Reported in °C as an average of temperature differences|
(Difference between the ambient temperature and the reading of the sensor under the heat spreader)
|Results of GPU Tests||Reported in °C according to the temperature sensor on the GPU|
|Test Cycles CPU||1 x four-hour burn-in, followed by break of at least two hours|
4 x one-hour measurement, with one-hour breaks
Total time at least 16 hours per thermal product and cooler
|Test Cycles GPU||1 x four-hour burn-in, followed by break of at least two hours|
2 x one-hour measurement, with 30 minute breaks
Total time at least 8.5 hours per thermal product
- Everything You Wanted To Know About Cooling A CPU
- Interaction Of The Heat Spreader And Heat Sink
- The Differences Between AMD And Intel Heat Spreaders
- Choosing The Right Paste: More Than A Matter Of Price
- Applying Thermal Paste, Part One
- Applying Thermal Paste, Part Two
- Why Do We Test Each Paste In Four Scenarios?
- Get Ready For The Thermal Compound Benchmarks!