Every so often, a story breaks that goes a little something like this: manufacturer x, known for its flagship product y, recently started offering a mid-range product z based on silicon that wouldn’t bin up to y. Rather than throw the entire die out, x disables one part and sells it off as z—something less expensive.
Much of the time—it’d be disingenuous of me to guess how often, exactly—this happens because part of the die is really defective. But sometimes a vendor simply needs to fill in a price gap in its lineup where a competitor is eating its lunch. ATI’s Radeon HD 4830. Nvidia’s GeForce GTX 260. AMD’s Phenom II X3 700- and 800-series. These are all parts based on more expensive components.
Ah, AMD’s Phenom II.
A retail X3 we purchased to test the unlock technique
A couple of months back, a report came from Korea claiming that you could unlock the fourth core on a Phenom II X3 processor by simply enabling Advanced Clock Calibration on certain motherboards, in essence, turning a $135 Phenom II X3 720 Black Edition into a $190 Phenom II X4 920 (Black Edition) with a simple BIOS switch. We’ll skip over the obvious question for now: “Is saving $55 worth a potentially-unstable system?”
If you remember back to our Phenom II launch piece, AMD claimed that ACC technically did nothing for Phenom II, as the technology’s benefits—which were supposed to help Phenom achieve higher overclocks—were already baked into Phenom II. Now it seemed that the SB750-based feature was having some other effect on Phenom IIs as well.
Why this worked remains a mystery. Two motherboard vendors—ASRock and Biostar—claim to support the ability to unlock X3 CPUs, but neither company is able to divulge exactly how they’re doing it. To be fair to both companies, this is less likely to be trickery on their part, and the closest we've come to an explaination goes a little something like "ACC is able to adjust the error checking process of the CPU, enhancing its error tolerance and avoiding the potential for collapse under certain circumstances." As the theory goes, increasing the error tolerance with ACC makes it possible to "revive" the disabled silicon.
A retail X4 we purchased to test the unlock technique
A product manager from Biostar says that any board with an SB750 southbridge can technically achieve the unlock. ASRock confirms the same, and gave us its test data with a number of CPUs indicating a fairly even split between chips that will unlock and run stably, chips that will unlock but aren’t stable, and chips that won’t unlock at all.
Here’s the interesting part. AMD claims that the noise made over this ACC/Phenom II X3 phenomenon is doing great for the sales of a product family that we’ve always thought was just a little weird. After all, when the first X3s launched, there were applications out there that didn’t quite know what to do with three cores. To that end, the company says it has no plans to try stopping enthusiasts from unlocking the X3’s fourth core by striking ACC from SB750.
But one motherboard vendor claims that AMD is going to discontinue ACC in its SB750 starting this month. Another board vendor says that it is getting pressure from AMD to update the ACC embedded controller firmware immediately and post it to an “updated” BIOS. Though the first guess might be conjecture, the second is most definitely true. There’s no such thing as a free lunch, so they say. Want proof? Keep reading.