5 Cool P4 Coolers Protect Your P4 From Heatstroke

PWM: Integrated Air Control

As processors are being clocked at ever-increasing rates and using more power to accomplish this, the effort required to cool them is likewise rising. In the case of conventional fan coolers, this has led to an increase in the level of noise in the system. For that reason, in its specifications for the LGA775 systems, Intel has taken the opportunity to implement a way to make systems quieter under typical processor load.

To use the feature that Intel calls "Acoustic Fan Speed Control", the motherboard must be set up for it, and have a controller supporting pulse width modulation (PWM). The only thing visible to the user is the motherboard's new four-pin fan connector. The processor cooler does not absolutely need to have a thermal diode, but Intel recommends one in its thermal design guide. Intel's reference cooler is equipped with such a diode.

This technology enables the infinitely variable regulation of fan speeds within the operating range. The user can set the speeds at which the fans are to run in the BIOS, matching the needs of the motherboard model. Typical values are 30% at the lowest operating point and 100% under maximum load. It is, however, also possible to switch off the fan completely under minimal load.

The graph illustrates the regulated range of the cooler.

A sample implementation from Intel's thermal design guide.
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  • wheelnut53
    great forum Its good that you all focus on low end coolers.next time add a little info on how thermal paste works in conjunction .I painted my whole heat sink with the stuff.
  • Anonymous
    pls help me...
    the 4 heat sink stand are broken.Is my pc is safe or i hv to buy new one.
    plss help me
  • wheelnut53
    awhile back I bought a few cheap after market P4 coolers wasn't worth spit . nothing is better than that copper core