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Part 1: Building A Balanced Gaming PC


Nothing can be said in this conclusion that is more valuable than the actual data itself. If for some reason you skipped the individual charts, jumping right to the conclusion, you’ll likely not grasp what this story is all about: balance. 

For each chart, we recommended a minimum level of CPU and GPU needed to play the game at that particular resolution. By tallying results of all 28 tests (seven games x four resolutions), we’ll summarize how often each solution was able to reach our targeted level of performance.

A word of warning here: while valuable in many ways, this chart has the potential to be misused. Our minimum recommendations are just that--minimums--and only a guideline for offering a blend of image quality and playable performance as affordably as possible.

Often this cheapest acceptable solution was still way out of balance and clearly would benefit from adding more CPU to the mix. The most accurate picture of the level of hardware necessary to truly be balanced can not be portrayed by generalization or summaries, but only by looking at the individual charts for each game and resolution. Also consider that these test systems were clean and only running the essentials. Additional background applications and multi-tasking would give us all the more reason to step up to a higher-end CPU with more muscle. 

The dual-core Pentium E6300 managed to deliver playable performance in each game except for Crysis and Grand Theft Auto IV. However, this 2.8 GHz CPU was rarely in balance with the graphics cards, even at playable settings. Adding 200 MHz, a faster FSB, and three times the L2 cache, the Core 2 Duo E8400 faired far better in these games, only failing in Crysis when a 1920x1200 resolution required a match-up with the GeForce GTX 295. That being said, the Radeon HD 4870 X2 and all three Nvidia GeForce cards still often required a quad-core processor, such as the Core 2 Quad Q9550, to be balanced in these games. The Core i7-920 didn’t necessarily beat out the Q9550 in minimum targets reached, but the individual charts still depict many performance advantages garnered by stepping up to this architecture.

The 512MB Radeon HD 4850 offered playable performance all the way up to 1920x1200 in Fallout 3 and Race Driver: GRID, but fell shy in each of the other games, even at the lowest tested resolution. If we later make a switch in these genres to Need for Speed: Shift and Risen, would this once-mighty card then fall completely below “max” settings, even at the lowest resolution? The step up to a GeForce GTX 260 is big, and it brought five of the games to playable levels at 1920x1200. Fallout 3 was even playable at 2560x1600. But the card was reduced to the lowest resolution in S.T.A.L.K.E.R., and still fell below our target completely in Crysis. 

The Radeon HD 4890 added playability in Crysis at the lowest resolution, plus 2560x1600 in GTA IV and GRID. However, the most notable improvement for the Radeon HD 4890 was its relatively high level of performance and balance when paired with the dual-core CPUs. When matched up to a quad-core processor, the GeForce GTX 285 was often able to flex its muscles and pass by the Radeon HD 4890, while also adding 1680x1050 S.T.A.L.K.E.R. and 2560x1600 Far Cry 2 playability to the mix. 

There is a common misconception that multi-GPU solutions are unable to scale well at low resolutions. This can be cleared up by looking at how the Radeon HD 4870 X2 and GeForce GTX 295 often walk away from the single-GPU cards, even at 1280x1024. While SLI/CrossFire driver support and scaling do vary by individual game, you’ll notice in today’s results that if the single-GPU cards are keeping up, it is typically tied into the sharp-sloped lines depicting CPU limitations. 

But let’s be realistic, very few people spend $350 or more on a graphics card to game on a 19” LCD or a lower non-native resolution. Where these cards currently best prove their worth is at higher resolutions. The Radeon HD 4870 X2 handles all but two of the games at 2560x1600, but is reduced to 1920x1200 in S.T.A.L.K.E.R. and 1650x1050 in Crysis. This dual-GPU card offers high performance and is often well-balanced with the E8400 and Q9550, but at times still trailed behind the Radeon HD 4890 when paired with too weak a CPU.

However, this is nothing compared to the GeForce GTX 295, which, when paired with too weak a CPU brings unbalance to a whole new level. The mighty GeForce GTX 295 reaches the highest overall frames per second in the vast majority of the charts, proving it is the most powerful graphics card we tested today. When it is paired with a quad-core CPU, it delivers playable performance in every situation except at 2560x1600 in Crysis and S.T.A.L.K.E.R. But it certainly is not the graphics card to pair with a budget dual-core processor, being outright crippled by the Pentium E6300, it dropped from first place down into last.

Later on, we’ll see how overclocking these platforms changes the story, but first we’ll return in Part 2 of the series to see how these graphics cards perform when paired with dual-, triple-, and quad-core AMD Phenom II processors.

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Top Comments
  • 18 Hide
    winner4455 , November 10, 2009 5:30 AM
    I see a great series coming
  • 10 Hide
    osse , November 10, 2009 8:38 AM
    This is good, this must be the first time in computer history things are beeing done right. And this is sure the best way i ever seen a review done, in my 18 yrs as an entusiastic computer builder. Looking forward to all the updates to come.

Other Comments
  • 4 Hide
    yoy0yo , November 10, 2009 5:28 AM
    Wow, this is an amazingly in depth review! I kinda feel that its sponsered by Asus or Corsair, but I guess you kept with the same brand for the sake of controls etc.

  • 18 Hide
    winner4455 , November 10, 2009 5:30 AM
    I see a great series coming
  • 2 Hide
    inmytaxi , November 10, 2009 5:40 AM
    Very helpful stuff.

    I'd like to see some discussion on the availability of sub $400 (at times as low as $280) 28" monitors. At this price range, does it make more sense to spend more on the LCD even if less is spent initially on graphics? I would think the benefit of 28" vs. 22" is so great that the extra money could be taken from, say, a 9550 + 4890 combo and getting a 8400/6300 + 4850 instead, with the right motherboard a second 4850 later will pass a 4890 anyway.
  • 6 Hide
    frozenlead , November 10, 2009 5:54 AM
    I like the balance charts. It's a good way to characterize the data. This article is well constructed and well thought-out.

    That being said - is there a way we can compile this data and compute an "optimized" system for the given hardware available? Finding the true, calculated sweet spot for performance/$ would be so nice to have on hand every quarter or twice a year. I'll have to think about this one for a while. There may be some concessions to make, and it might not even work out. But it would be so cool.
  • 1 Hide
    ghost111 , November 10, 2009 5:59 AM
    Nice one.Now i want to see part two.
  • 2 Hide
    brockh , November 10, 2009 6:05 AM
    Great job, this is the information people need to be seeing; the way people provide benchmarks these days hardly tells the story to most of the readers. It's definitely important to point out the disparities in ones CPU choice, rather than just assuming everyone uses the i7 all the sites choose. ;) 

    Looking forward to part 2.
  • 4 Hide
    sinny1 , November 10, 2009 6:18 AM
    wow! Awesome works! Can't wait til you guys get to the ATI 5000 series. Keep it up! :) 
  • 0 Hide
    Onyx2291 , November 10, 2009 6:22 AM
    This will take up some of my time. Even though I know how, it's nice to get a refresher every now and then.
  • 1 Hide
    scook9 , November 10, 2009 6:47 AM
    amazing of the best I have seen in a long time (from any site)

    you all deserve a raise :) 
  • 1 Hide
    anamaniac , November 10, 2009 6:52 AM
    Very nice.

    The picture on the first page is better than any porno I've ever seen!
  • 2 Hide
    evolve60 , November 10, 2009 7:17 AM
    Intel Core 2 Quad Q9550 (Yorkfield) 2.66 GHz, LGA 775, FSB-1333, 12MB L2 cache
    I'm pretty sure that its the Q9450/9400 is the one that runs at 2.66 GHz The Q9550 runs at 2.83 GHz.
  • 1 Hide
    liquidsnake718 , November 10, 2009 7:29 AM
    It took me roughly an hour and a half to read this article at work. Wow these are the types of tests and in depth articles that I’ve been waiting for. Its been about a month to two months since we’ve had such a deep study. The System Builder Marathon reviews and tests were great. The best GPU’s per price/performance are lacking and basic comparisons while this article shows us the true value and capabilities of certain GPU’s and CPU’s.

    Im however perplexed that the once good 4850 which is compared to my 9800GTX+ is deemed a weaker GPU now. I thought the Far Cry 2 tests shown in previous TOMs comparisons garnerd higher frame rates? I know that the systems were comparable.... Anyway keep up the good work and this is a Quality comparison/chart/review.
  • 1 Hide
    Saiyanz , November 10, 2009 7:51 AM
    This is a great review that people who are building pc's actual need to see.

    I was quite surprised by the power of the HD4890. It thumped the GTX285 and more powerful cards when using a dual core CPU. Even in Crysis which always seemed like it favoured Nvidia cards in past reviews. It is probably that the previous reviews all used overclocked quad cores and/or the ATI drivers have really improved.

    It also seems as though the Nvidia cards need a more powerful CPU in order to get equivalent performance to the ATI cards.
  • 9 Hide
    Bloodblender , November 10, 2009 8:07 AM
    It's just these kind of articles that make TH shine over the other sites. Well done!
  • 1 Hide
    astrodudepsu , November 10, 2009 8:10 AM
    Looking forward to the rest of the series. Well done.
  • 2 Hide
    skora , November 10, 2009 8:27 AM
    Thank you Paul and team for sacrificing many weeks on this project. Its great to have something to point at and say this is why you shouldn't do that. It will be great to be able do direct price/performance comparison for the same results of a less expensive OC'd system and stock system.

    Can't wait for the rest!!!!!

    Also, whats the chance of getting a how to run you're own benchmarks article so we can test our systems against yours using the same method?
  • 10 Hide
    osse , November 10, 2009 8:38 AM
    This is good, this must be the first time in computer history things are beeing done right. And this is sure the best way i ever seen a review done, in my 18 yrs as an entusiastic computer builder. Looking forward to all the updates to come.

  • 1 Hide
    masterjaw , November 10, 2009 8:45 AM
    My PC says 'bring in the part 2'. Is this would be a series also like the best GPU/CPU?
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