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Should You Feel Guilty Owning an iPhone?

By - Source: Tom's Hardware US | B 96 comments

Ahhh. The joy of unwrapping an iPhone. Or an iPad.

The box that protects Apple’s latest creation tells us why we just sacrificed a few hundred dollars for a gadget. The precision of the fit and finish of the card board box. The flawless protective plastics that keep your iPhone and iPod safe. The glorious moment and pride you feel when you turn it on the first time. But what are we exactly proud of? Shouldn’t we feel at least some sort of guilt?

Never in the history of earth have we been able to bridge or even eliminate geographic distances as we can today. Occasionally, and thanks to the Internet, you often forget the dimensions of our planet and you could almost believe there is a way that leads to one global community, with a few unpleasant exceptions.

That is, of course, only true in the case of those things we like to see and have an interest in. In others, we look the other direction, we show little interest for the needs of others and we pretend we have no clue what you are talking about. You can find examples of such scenarios in all walks of life, but for this column, I would like to direct your attention to the dark side of gadgets, the way they are manufactured. And no, of course, it isn’t just Apple and its manufacturer. 

Countless big U.S. and non U.S. corporations are guilty of exploiting human workforce and looking the other way when it’s convenient. Chinese sweatshops have been making headlines for years and a recent article published on Gizmodo truly highlighted the ghastly working conditions at Foxconn, Apple’s contract manufacturer. When there are suicide attempts at a manufacturing facility, due to stress and working conditions, you know you are much closer to a modern form of slavery than an employer who makes sure its employees are taken care of. 

The National Labor Committee regularly publishes reports on working conditions globally and you will find big names such as Microsoft, Nike, Wal-Mart, Disney, Timberland, Huffy, JanSport, the Kathie Lee (Gifford) label, and Dell, all of which have been accused of unfair labor practices involving contract manufacturers.

So take Apple just as an example.

When you look at the iPhone, you most likely see the design talent of industrial designers, you see the ideas that went into the device, you may think about the patents that enabled and protect this device, you may see the vision of Steve Jobs glorified in this one small handheld. But we really don’t see how this device was made. It was made in a factory that employees 20-something year olds, some of who get paid only $130 a month at less than the Chinese minimum wage of about 55 cents. Some are working 98 hours per week, are under permanent surveillance, by cameras and co-workers, are not allowed to talk during work hours. 

Microsoft recently came under fire for having its mice manufactured in sweatshops by 15 and 16 year old teenagers who work 15 hour days, 6 days a week for 52 cents per hour. They have to assemble 2000 Microsoft mice per shift. 

In factories near Hong Kong, workers in such factories reportedly lose 40,000 fingers on the job every year, due to unsafe manufacturing equipment, according to the Shanghai Academy of Social Sciences. Consumer groups claim that companies consistently try to cheat their employees out of earned wages, do not provide health benefits and expose their workers to toxic materials like lead, cadmium and mercury. Here in the U.S. we are worried about baby bottles that may carry a potentially unsafe material and lead in toys. But we don’t care about those who assembled those products.
Of course, Wal-Mart is the posterchild of suspected child labor violations.

The company is believed to import more than $10 billion of goods from China every year and you would have no trouble finding questionable working conditions. Take the Guangzhou Huanya Gift, for example, which describes itself as being "among the top three Christmas ornament producers in mainland China." 8000 workers in the factory have to deal with grueling working conditions that reportedly violate every single Chinese labor law: 10-15 hour shifts, seven days per week, 30 days in a row without a day off. Workers are required to work at least 84.5 hours per week, while only being paid for 77 hours. According to the National Labor Committee, at least half of the employee base “are routinely at the factory 105.25 hours a week and working 95 hours, including 55 hours of overtime, which exceeds China's legal limit by 562%.  Any working daring to take a Sunday off will be docked 2.5 days' wages as punishment.”  

Apple has been consistently in the crosshairs of human rights groups for having its products manufactured by Foxconn, which employs about 400,000 people and assembles products for other companies such as HP, Dell and Intel as well. What makes Foxconn a standout is not just the fact that it manufactures Mac minis or iPods and iPads, but the fact that there have been more than three dozen suicide attempts with seven confirmed deaths in recent months. Foxconn apparently has hired Buddhist monks as counselors to help. Perhaps they should think about changing their work conditions? 

Of course, it is always difficult to judge a situation in a different culture, but there is clearly something wrong with the picture of workers clearly suffering on the one side of the globe and a buy-and-throw-away society on the other. Add to this scenario not just a somewhat ignorant pride when unboxing a new gadget, but those individuals who purchase those gadgets and subsequently think it is funny to walk out the store and keep smashing it on the sidewalk to find out how much it takes to destroy the device.

So, are we guilty of supporting an economy that can get away with operating a gigantic slavery machine? Of course we are, as consumers we keep fueling this machine. However, as so often, you can easily claim there is nothing you can do as an individual and calling for a boycott of buying Apple, Microsoft, Dell or Wal-Mart products is clearly not the solution. However, corporate responsibility should be a global effort. Yes, I do understand that manufacturing cost is a big deal and of course you give the contract to the company that does it for the lowest cost. And there is a whole chain of factors that favors low cost (and is willing to accept such work conditions), ranging from the companies themselves, the supply chain, unforgiving investors and consumers. But there needs to be a limit.

There needs to be a motivation for Microsoft, Apple, Wal-Mart and others to skip manufacturers that earn their money with outrageous working conditions, which, in part creates profits for the Apples and Microsofts as well. Ads a global society, we need to learn to honor the ethics that go into manufacturing and put a value on them. How proud can you be of a product that was built in a work environment I described above?

At least as far as I am concerned, I would like to know that the “incredible price” of the iPad was achieved through Apple’s innovation and not on the shoulders of severely underpaid workers and an hazardous work environment in a factory on the other side of the world. That whole thought puts Apple’s impressive profit margins into an entirely differently light as well. 

Perhaps we all should be a bit more conscious and less selfish about our global society.  

Wolfgang Gruener is a technology journalist and analyst. He was managing editor for the Tom’s Hardware news section from 2003 to 2005, before launching and acquiring TG Daily. Today, Wolfgang works with startups and publishes his thoughts and analysis on critical and emerging technologies and products at Conceivablytech.com.

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Top Comments
  • 26 Hide
    jellico , May 24, 2010 6:31 PM
    Look, everyone who has seen my posts know I'm as anti-Apple as they come. That being said, no you should not feel guilty for owning an iPhone, iPod or iPad... at least, not for the reasons specified.

    China and many of these Asian countries are in the middle of their economic/industrial revolution. They are morphing from subsistance farming to being players in the industrial game at the global scale. First, they start by producing things based on our designs. But it won't be long before they are producing things on their own designs and making significant contributions to the state of technology in the world (and improving their own standard of living.

    Shenzhen, where the Foxconn factory is located, started out as a small fishing town in the 1980s. It has a population of about 70,000 and looked like a shanty town. Today, it has a population of over 8,000,000 and looks more like New York City. They people working in those factories aren't being marched in there at gun point, they are there to improve their lives. They'll work hard for a couple of years (during which time everything is paid for by the company), then take the sum total of their earnings home and start small businesses or families.

    In time, their labor standards will also rise and they won't be so different from us. However, you can forget about bringing these jobs back to the US. Nobody here wants to work 12-hours/day, 7-days/week for $150/month. And nobody would buy (or could afford) products made here if the assembly workers were paid American wage minimums.
  • 26 Hide
    tayb , May 24, 2010 6:09 PM
    Given the nature of most readers on this site I can't possibly agree with this attention grabbing headline. The comments section is about to turn into an all out Apple bashing orgy from people who did not even bother to read the article.

    Foxconn manufacturers products for dozens of companies. Dozens. Why single out a single product from a single company especially when you know how the readers on this site are going to react to a headline like that.
  • 23 Hide
    phate , May 24, 2010 6:27 PM
    The worst part about this is that the subpar working conditions are not used to create a cheaper price, but only higher profit margins for apple.
Other Comments
  • -7 Hide
    Hilarion , May 24, 2010 6:09 PM
    Yes, you should!
  • 26 Hide
    tayb , May 24, 2010 6:09 PM
    Given the nature of most readers on this site I can't possibly agree with this attention grabbing headline. The comments section is about to turn into an all out Apple bashing orgy from people who did not even bother to read the article.

    Foxconn manufacturers products for dozens of companies. Dozens. Why single out a single product from a single company especially when you know how the readers on this site are going to react to a headline like that.
  • 21 Hide
    dman3k , May 24, 2010 6:17 PM
    Problem with Apple is not only does it cost them so little to manufacture their branded products, they also charge significantly more purely because their customers are computer idiots.
  • 6 Hide
    nicklasd87 , May 24, 2010 6:17 PM
    Easy solution, setup tariffs so it costs American companies more to do business in foreign countries, and at the same time loosen some of the restrictions imposed in America that hinder profits, making hiring american workers more enticing. More Government restrictions are not the solution.
  • 0 Hide
    underapew , May 24, 2010 6:19 PM
    This seems a little more like a commentary then news??? You do bring up some interesting issues. For most of the history, we have had various forms of slavery. This is the case in China. Their government is their master as they have not improved their workers. This is not to disimular to people in our country trying to support a family on a minimum wage of $8.50. I believe the question really does come down to the issue of paid slavery and our confort with this model. My thoughts - -
  • 1 Hide
    darkknight22 , May 24, 2010 6:21 PM
    Ironically I did feel a bit guilty after reading the Foxconn workers article. Although it's not going to make me leave my iPhone, it just reinforces the fact that every major company has a dark side to it.
  • 5 Hide
    cscott_it , May 24, 2010 6:21 PM
    taybGiven the nature of most readers on this site I can't possibly agree with this attention grabbing headline. The comments section is about to turn into an all out Apple bashing orgy from people who did not even bother to read the article. Foxconn manufacturers products for dozens of companies. Dozens. Why single out a single product from a single company especially when you know how the readers on this site are going to react to a headline like that.


    The reason Apple was picked out was probably for two reasons.

    A) Apple is a household name. Everyone know what Apple devices are versus say Asus, which is mostly known by enthusiasts. Nearly everyone owns or has owned SOME type of Apple device (iPhone, iPad, iPod, Mac, Newton, etc.), so it tends to hit home harder to the uninformed.

    B) If you put any Apple product in a headline, you are going to get more unique views and more page hits.


    Also, more than an Apple vs Microsoft vs Google fanwar, I'm prepared to see people trying to argue that this sort of labor system is fine or something along those lines (like he's biased to one system or another).
  • 18 Hide
    schwiing , May 24, 2010 6:22 PM
    In Texas we hire Mexicans to cut our lawn instead of US citizens...why? Because they do a better job? Not necessarily. They do it faster and for less $. Unfortunately its how the world is and we're all part of the system.
  • 6 Hide
    insider3 , May 24, 2010 6:24 PM
    As a kid, I've always wondered why everything was made in china. Till this day, the working conditions have never changed. This world is all about making money by any means necessary. You would think that by now (2010) we would have figured out a way to commute without the need of a gas station or how to substitute man with machine in environments that are too hostile for human Labor to work in..But no.. "it's all about da benjamins baby" And Slavery for the price of a stamp is the way to go for these companies unfortunately.
  • 23 Hide
    phate , May 24, 2010 6:27 PM
    The worst part about this is that the subpar working conditions are not used to create a cheaper price, but only higher profit margins for apple.
  • 4 Hide
    tayb , May 24, 2010 6:27 PM
    Quote:
    The reason Apple was picked out was probably for two reasons.

    A) Apple is a household name. Everyone know what Apple devices are versus say Asus, which is mostly known by enthusiasts. Nearly everyone owns or has owned SOME type of Apple device (iPhone, iPad, iPod, Mac, Newton, etc.), so it tends to hit home harder to the uninformed.

    B) If you put any Apple product in a headline, you are going to get more unique views and more page hits.


    Also, more than an Apple vs Microsoft vs Google fanwar, I'm prepared to see people trying to argue that this sort of labor system is fine or something along those lines (like he's biased to one system or another).


    Because Microsoft, HP, Lenovo, Asus, Dell, Intel, Walmart, and others aren't household names? Besides that, this is an enthusiast website. No one that reads this site is going to be confused on who or what Asus is.

    A much more suitable headline for this article would have been "Should you feel guilty owning your shiny new gadget?"
  • -8 Hide
    FATAL STR1K3 , May 24, 2010 6:28 PM
    hell yeah you should!
  • -6 Hide
    godwhomismike , May 24, 2010 6:30 PM
    Apple's newest iPhone should be named the iKill. :p 
  • 8 Hide
    Anonymous , May 24, 2010 6:31 PM
    Bring back jobs to the US, pay a little more, watch unemployment fall to 1%....profit?
  • 26 Hide
    jellico , May 24, 2010 6:31 PM
    Look, everyone who has seen my posts know I'm as anti-Apple as they come. That being said, no you should not feel guilty for owning an iPhone, iPod or iPad... at least, not for the reasons specified.

    China and many of these Asian countries are in the middle of their economic/industrial revolution. They are morphing from subsistance farming to being players in the industrial game at the global scale. First, they start by producing things based on our designs. But it won't be long before they are producing things on their own designs and making significant contributions to the state of technology in the world (and improving their own standard of living.

    Shenzhen, where the Foxconn factory is located, started out as a small fishing town in the 1980s. It has a population of about 70,000 and looked like a shanty town. Today, it has a population of over 8,000,000 and looks more like New York City. They people working in those factories aren't being marched in there at gun point, they are there to improve their lives. They'll work hard for a couple of years (during which time everything is paid for by the company), then take the sum total of their earnings home and start small businesses or families.

    In time, their labor standards will also rise and they won't be so different from us. However, you can forget about bringing these jobs back to the US. Nobody here wants to work 12-hours/day, 7-days/week for $150/month. And nobody would buy (or could afford) products made here if the assembly workers were paid American wage minimums.
  • -2 Hide
    nforce4max , May 24, 2010 6:34 PM
    I am not surprised, only through slave labor was the multinationals and those who run the financial system world wide were able to de-industrialize the US, Argentina, UK, and much of Europe (western) to establish a mercantile system called Globalization. In the end only two classes can exist that being the rich while the rest are poot and live as slaves to the elite. At this point in the game its systemic collapse to pun in place a global government but that is a few years to a decade off while in the mean time its another war with the US and the rest of the world in turmoil.

  • -1 Hide
    Hellbound , May 24, 2010 6:34 PM
    I'm trying to get my head around this article.. But the problem is Foxconn makes products for all sorts of electronics manufactures, not just Apple. Heck, I have several PC's with Foxconn motherboards.

    So the question should be, "Should You Feel Guilty Owning An Electronic Device"

    And no, I don't.
  • 0 Hide
    irtehyar , May 24, 2010 6:36 PM
    Forgetting for a moment that Apple was the headline target of the article and making it more company-generic, maybe the easiest question to start with is: *Do* you feel guilty about owning your shiny new high-tech gadget?

    No.
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