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GDC 2010, Day 3: Diversity Or Fragmentation?

GDC 2010, Day 3: Diversity Or Fragmentation?
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Every few years, it seems that the game industry splits off another branch. First, there was the classic PC versus console battle, which seems to revive every few years. A few years back, handheld gaming became a much bigger deal, moving beyond the toy-like Gameboy to the diverse market for Nintendo DS and PSP titles. Several years ago, MMOs seemed to be everywhere, and looked to possibly squeeze the air out of traditional single-player games. Two years ago, mobile games seemed to be pulling developers away from blockbuster title creation.

All of these now seem to be branches of the same tree. A new conflict is looming: the perceived battle between social network gaming and traditional gaming. We’ll talk about the controversy brewing around social network games, plus take a look at a couple of game postmortems. We’ll also revisit Civilization, discussing Sid Meier’s keynote, a preview of Civilization V and how the new Civ5 engine will make use of all the CPU cores we can have in modern PCs.

The New Platform on the Block

Even if you don’t play any of the seemingly countless games on Facebook, you’ve no doubt seen references to games like Farmville and Mafia Wars. Farmville is now up to 32 million daily users--a number that’s more than double World of Warcraft’s total subscriber list. Further, companies like Playdom, Zynga, Playfish, and others are attracting substantial investment capital in a new gold rush to find the next big moneymaking venture on the Internet.

Many of the press releases that emerged during GDC revolved around social media games. Alex St. John, one of the co-creators of DirectX, is now at social network Hi5 and is pushing game development. In fact, he’s proclaiming that Hi5 is much friendlier to game development than Facebook, and has publicly “declared war” on Facebook. So, not only do we have conflict between social media gaming and the rest of the industry, but the social media networks are already competing for gamer eyeballs. MySpace announced its intent to become a leading social gaming platform, as well.

During the two days preceding the main part of GDC, which consist of tutorial sessions and vertical segment summits, I attended a session at the Social Gaming Summit, which drew four gaming industry veterans, who talked about why they’ve moved to social network gaming.

Industry Veterans Move to Facebook Games

One fascinating session was a panel in which developers with long standing in the game business discussed their move to socially-networked games. On the panel was Brian Reynolds, the lead designer for Civilization II who went on to found Big Huge Games, which developed the seminal RTS Rise of Nations. Also sitting in was Steve Meretzky, probably responsible for some of the funniest adventure games ever to grace the small screen. Rounding out the panel was Brenda Braithewaite and Noah Falstein, both involved with interactive entertainment since the early days of arcade and PC gaming.

Falstein noted the current controversy in the industry, asking the question: “Are social network games really games, or just software Skinner boxes?”

That echoed the feeling I encountered among a large number of game developers at the GDC. Falstein went on to point out that “...old school game designers have no problems with social network games.”

Brenda Braithwaite weighed in, noting that each successive new evolutionary branch of games creates the interplay of “this isn’t a game” versus “this is the cool new game.”

The undertone to all of this, however, was that these old school developers are uncomfortable with the current process of large-scale, large-team game development. Even relatively small teams now approach 100 people during the peak of game crunch, and standard budgets of $10 million or more isn’t uncommon. Plus, today’s big budget titles often have multi-year development cycles. All the members of the panel noted how they much prefer shorter cycles and smaller teams, which is what they get at companies like Zynga or Playfish.

On the other hand, Reynolds sounded almost wistful, when he pointed out that “being the lead game designer at Zynga is actually not a large role. What’s really driving the heart of development is the social interaction, not game design.”

Near the close of the session, Falstein wrapped up by noting that social networking games would most likely stay light and simple, in order to appeal to the huge audiences they currently attract. But production values would improve, much as they have in the casual game side of the business.

Later in the week, I was at a dinner that included programmers, designers, teachers, and producers all involved in the mainstream game business. The level of disdain for social media games was pretty high, and the general consensus seemed to be that social media games were, at best, highly subscribed casual games, and at worst, and endless reward loop treadmill which created obsessive-compulsive behavior among their users. There hasn’t been such a clear dichotomy of feeling in the industry in over a decade.

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Top Comments
  • 18 Hide
    aethm , March 15, 2010 1:28 AM
    Please no more Farmville... I get 20 requests a day as it is!
Other Comments
  • 18 Hide
    aethm , March 15, 2010 1:28 AM
    Please no more Farmville... I get 20 requests a day as it is!
  • 5 Hide
    requiemsallure , March 15, 2010 1:28 AM
    Im interested to find out more about CIV V
  • -1 Hide
    stridervm , March 15, 2010 2:10 AM
    Civilization Network could work with me, if it works like Tetris Online, the one with real multiplayer. =)
  • 5 Hide
    dco , March 15, 2010 2:39 AM
    Quote:
    DirectX 11 will be a big benefit for users, even if they don’t have DX11 capable hardware.


    But if you don't have dx11 hardware how can you make use of it??
  • 3 Hide
    requiemsallure , March 15, 2010 3:28 AM
    Quote:
    Quote:
    DirectX 11 will be a big benefit for users, even if they don’t have DX11 capable hardware.


    But if you don't have dx11 hardware how can you make use of it??


    because it will add useless data to their HDD :p 

    in all honesty that's a good question.
  • 3 Hide
    Kelavarus , March 15, 2010 3:34 AM
    Basically Sid Meier says people are idiots, and don't understand ratios.

    Haha. Nice.
  • 0 Hide
    Anonymous , March 15, 2010 4:11 AM
    I think it is possible to use the DX 11 API but still make your code backward compatible with older cards; just means older cards won't use some of the features you programed in.


    I am a bit surprised though that one could code using DX 11 API and still be backward compatible, considering the tessellation requirement. Either Microsoft did a very good job with the API, the game developers need to do a lot of work to make it backward compatible, or I am wrong and it cannot be backwards compatible.
  • 0 Hide
    Shin-san , March 15, 2010 4:31 AM
    dcoBut if you don't have dx11 hardware how can you make use of it??

    DirectX 11 has enhanced multithreading support, meaning it depends more on your CPU.
  • 1 Hide
    kokin , March 15, 2010 9:55 AM
    Some DX11 features were already on GPUs prior to the 5000series/GTX400 (notably ATI cards), like tessalation. They were not utilized, but the features were developed and implemented years ago.

    Anyone playing the new Borderlands DLC? Those assassin chicks are kicking my ass.
  • 0 Hide
    neiroatopelcc , March 15, 2010 1:17 PM
    aethmPlease no more Farmville... I get 20 requests a day as it is!

    just block the app! click the farmville name (instead of rejecting or accepting) - click the name again - in the left upper corner click 'block this application'
  • 3 Hide
    TheGreatGrapeApe , March 15, 2010 1:48 PM
    Quote:
    Quote:
    DirectX 11 will be a big benefit for users, even if they don’t have DX11 capable hardware.


    But if you don't have dx11 hardware how can you make use of it??


    Because they are talking about the API as a whole, not just the D3D 11 chunk of DX11, and it's not limited to just the latest hardware. It adds and drops support for features on older hardware to improve the overall interface command & control.

    They added legacy support for DX9 and DX10 hardware by updating some methods, and most importantly also better threading support as mentioned by Shin-san.
  • 7 Hide
    greeve , March 15, 2010 2:25 PM
    If farmville is the future of gaming well then i quit
  • 2 Hide
    MxM , March 15, 2010 2:59 PM
    "Basically Sid Meier says people are idiots, and don't understand ratios."

    No, he said that our intuition about what numbers represent is different from simple ratio. Who said in the first place that combat is more likely to be represented as ratio in our mind? It is probably some other mathematical relationship than dimple ratio, as Sid has found.

    And yes, it does feel that 200 to 100 should win with higher probability than 2 to 1, because mentally you think about 200 people versus 100 people, and while there could be a single guy who takes two just by chance, at larger numbers it should average out.
  • 1 Hide
    Bolbi , March 15, 2010 10:36 PM
    So, will Civ5 be able to take full advantage of DX11? (I hope so!) I currently play Civ4 and really like it. I'll have to read the reviews once Civ5 comes out, but so far the changes sound great.
  • 1 Hide
    requiemsallure , March 16, 2010 3:59 AM
    they need to do something about the 20 archers being able to take out a tank thing... that is a little strange.