Efficiency Benchmarks: Memory Usage And Management
The world's most popular Web site, Google.com, serves as our single-tab test page.
The placing of the single-tab memory time test stays mostly the same from WBGP3. Internet Explorer still uses the least amount of memory for a single tab. Chrome is again in second place, with Opera moving up to third. Firefox 4 uses approximately 20 megabytes more than Firefox 3.6.15, which earns a fourth-place finish. Although Apple Safari still uses the most RAM of any Web browser for a single tab, its total is dramatically lower this time around, going from nearly 100 MB down to 60 MB.
Like the startup times and page load times, we referred to the Quancast Top Million for the 40-tab memory test. As in previous editions of the Web Browser Grand Prix, we had to open all 40 tabs in Safari individually; Apple's browser chokes and crawls when trying to open all 40 at once.
Firefox is still the most svelte browser under heavy load, though version 4 uses over 200 MB more than 3.6.15. Safari comes in a distant second with nearly 800 MB. Opera follows closely in third with just over 800 MB. IE9 pulls into fourth, using 200 MB less than in WBGP3, which makes Chrome the last-place finisher.
-39 Tabs / 5 Minutes
As we've seen in the past, Chrome again excels at memory management, dropping its 40-tab count back down to near-single-tab levels after only five minutes. The new Firefox achieves second place with a -39 tab count of under 200 MB (just over three times its single-tab reading). Safari places third at 260 MB; that's 70 MB below its WBGP3 total. Internet Explorer places fourth this time, completely giving up its memory management prowess from WBGP3. Opera comes in last with just under 400 MB.
-39 Tabs / 10 Minutes
After an additional five minutes, Chrome remains around 40 MB, again placing first. The extra minutes definitely help Internet Explorer, which drops down to just over 100 MB (still significantly more than its WBGP3 total). The new Firefox is in third place at 180 MB, doubling the RAM used by Firefox 3.6.15. The extra 70 MB that Safari gives back this time allows it to beat Opera for fourth place. The Norwegian Web browser brings up the rear, with just over 300 MB after ten minutes.
IE9 and Chrome are really easy on memory with a single tab open, but all of the Web browsers use 60 MB or less (a negligible amount on most systems). At full load, it's Firefox that excels in keeping a lower overhead. As usual, Chrome is incredible at memory management, giving back just about all the memory from closed tabs almost instantly. IE9 is also good at giving resources back to Windows, but not quite as much as Chrome, and it's slower to do so. Opera still holds on to the most memory after closing tabs.