Six months after the original unveiling of the first Coffee Lake Refresh models, Intel finally released its full 9th-Gen lineup today. The bulked-up line of desktop chips comes with 26 new models that span the Core i9, i7, i5, i3, Pentium, and Celeron families, with ten low-power models sprinkled in for good measure.
As with the first 9th-Gen models that came to market, these chips are based on the Skylake microarchitecture and work with existing 300-series motherboards.
With Intel's somewhat-belated launch of its 14nm++ chips finally complete, it's clear that these are the weapons Intel will wield in the battle with AMD's forthcoming 7nm Ryzen 3000-series processors that should arrive "mid-year."
Aside from the new Intel models that come as a byproduct of segmenting the chips into various core counts, clock frequencies, and memory support, there aren't many new features to speak of with the freshly-announced processors. The most surprising news comes in the form of Turbo Boost support for the Core i3 models, which does promise to bring even more performance to the value end of the market where AMD has steadily been chewing away market share with its more-capable Ryzen 3 models.
As Intel has already announced, the chips now feature support for up to 128GB of DRAM, a doubling necessitated by increasing RAM density, and support for Optane Memory with Pentium and Celeron processors.
The company also released six new H-series CPUs for gaming and prosumer laptops. We've got full details on those chips, which include the first 8-core, 16-thread consumer CPU, in a separate article.
Intel's full Coffee Lake Refresh roll-out has been slow, with the first K-Series chips arriving back in October 2018. A few more models have trickled out in the interim, but it's easy to assume that Intel's ongoing shortage of 14nm production capacity has played a role in the delayed arrival of the full complement of chips. There have been recent signs of the shortage easing, and Intel hopes to have the full lineup on shelves for purchase immediately.
|Row 0 - Cell 0||Core i9||Core i7||Core i5||Core i3||Pentium Gold||Celeron|
|Cores / Hyper-Threading (HT)||Eight Cores / HT||Eight Cores / No HT||Six Cores / No HT||Four Cores / No HT||Two Cores / HT||Two Cores / No HT|
9th-Gen Intel Core i9 Series
Note: New processors are bolded.
|Core i9 Series||Base / Boost||Cores / Threads||TDP||PCIe Lanes||Unlocked||L3 Cache||Memory Support||Integrated Graphics||RCP|
|Core i9-9900K||3.6 / 5.0||8 / 16||95W||16||Yes||16MB||DDR4-2666||Yes||$488|
|Core i9-9900KF||3.5 / 5.0||8 / 16||95W||16||Yes||16MB||DDR4-2666||No||$488|
|Core i9-9900||3.1 / 5.0||8 / 16||65W||16||No||16MB||DDR4-2666||Yes||$439|
Intel's Core i9-9900 slots in as the lone locked model of the Core i9 series. This model still comes with eight cores and sixteen threads like the other i9 models, but Intel pared back the base frequencies to 3.1 GHz while still maintaining a 5.0 GHz boost. This model also comes with integrated graphics and weighs in at $439, serving as the budget chip of Intel's flagship lineup, slotting in under the Core i9-9900K/F.
The Core i9-9900 is $65 more expensive than the eight-core eight-thread Core i7-9700K, which is the next step down on the ladder. The -9900 might prove valuable to semi-professionals on a budget, the performance of Intel's eight cores and sixteen threads is hard to beat with a mainstream platform in threaded workloads, but the 5.0 GHz boost clock means this chip will still require many of the expensive accommodations you'll need for an i9 chip, like a beefy cooler and motherboard.
9th-Gen Intel Core i7 Series
|Core i7 Series||Base / Boost||Cores / Threads||TDP||PCIe Lanes||Unlocked||L3 Cache||Memory Support||Integrated Graphics||RCP|
|Core i7-9700K||3.6 / 4.9||8 / 8||95W||16||Yes||12MB||DDR4-2666||Yes||$374|
|Core i7-9700KF||3.6 / 4.9||8 / 8||95W||16||Yes||12MB||DDR4-2666||No||$374|
|Core i7-9700||3.0 / 4.7||8 / 8||65W||16||No||12MB||DDR4-2666||Yes||$323|
|Core i7-9700F||3.0 / 4.7||8 / 8||65W||16||No||12MB||DDR4-2666||No||$323|
Intel's Core i7 lineup comes with eight cores and no Hyper-Threading, with the Core i7-9700 models stepping down to a 65W thermal design power (TDP) compared to their other 95W Core i7 brethren. The reduced TDP rating comes as a byproduct of the reduced 3.0 GHz base and 4.7 GHz boost frequencies.
As per Intel's new strategy of selling F-series parts that come without graphics, the Core i7-9700F doesn't have a graphics engine. You'll notice that Intel doesn't provide a discount in exchange for the culled feature, so both chips come at a recommended customer pricing (RCP) of $323. In either case, the $51 savings compared to the -9700K and -9700KF is attractive given the relatively slim 200 MHz reduction in boost clock speeds, but you could also pick up an eight-core sixteen-thread Ryzen 7 2700X for ~$25 less.
9th-Gen Intel Core i5 Series
|Core i5 Series||Base / Boost||Cores / Threads||TDP||PCIe Lanes||Unlocked||L3 Cache||Memory Support||Integrated Graphics||RCP|
|Core i5-9600K||3.7 / 4.6||6 / 6||95W||16||Yes||9MB||DDR4-2666||Yes||$262|
|Core i5-9600KF||3.7 / 4.6||6 / 6||95W||16||Yes||9MB||DDR4-2666||No||$262|
|Core i5-9600||3.1 / 4.6||6 / 6||65W||16||No||9MB||DDR4-2666||Yes||$213|
|Core i5-9500||3.0 / 4.4||6 / 6||65W||16||No||9MB||DDR4-2666||Yes||$192|
|Core i5-9500F||3.0 / 4.4||6 / 6||65W||16||No||9MB||DDR4-2666||No||$192|
|Core i5-9400||2.9 / 4.1||6 / 6||65W||16||No||9MB||DDR4-2666||Yes||$182|
|Core i5-9400F||2.9 / 4.1||6 / 6||65W||16||No||9MB||DDR4-2666||No||$182|
The Core i5 lineup serves the vast majority of the enthusiast market with six cores and six threads. The Core i5-9600 and -9500(F) feature much lower base frequencies than their more expensive i5 counterparts, but boost frequencies remain relatively high at 4.6 and 4.4 GHz, respectively.
There's a $49 price gap between the $262 Core i5-9600K and the $213 Core i5-9600, the biggest gap of the i5 series, meaning the -9600 could be the chip to get for mainstream gamers and enthusiasts that aren't interested in overclocking. AMD's Ryzen 5 2600X looms large in this price bracket, though, with six cores and twelve threads for ~$180.
9th-Gen Intel Core i3 Series
|Core i3 Series||Base / Boost||Cores / Threads||TDP||PCIe Lanes||Unlocked||L3 Cache||Memory Support||Integrated Graphics||RCP|
|Core i3-9350K||4.0 / 4.6||4 / 4||91W||16||Yes||8MB||DDR4-2400||Yes||$173|
|Core i3-9350KF||4.0 / 4.6||4 / 4||91W||16||Yes||8MB||DDR4-2400||No||$173|
|Core i3-9320||3.7 / 4.4||4 / 4||62W||16||No||8MB||DDR4-2400||Yes||$154|
|Core i3-9300||3.7 / 4.3||4 / 4||62W||16||No||8MB||DDR4-2400||Yes||$143|
|Core i3-9100||3.6 / 4.2||4 / 4||65W||16||No||6MB||DDR4-2400||Yes||$122|
|Core i3-9100F||3.6 / 4.2||4 / 4||65W||16||No||6MB||DDR4-2400||No||$122|
Intel's Core i3 series has undergone perhaps the most radical changes over the last few years, with Intel's addition of two more cores enabling an impressive boost to performance with the initial Coffee Lake chips. Intel adds in support for Turbo Boost with these refresh chips, which should boost performance further. That's a much-needed addition here on the low end of the stack, primarily because AMD's full Ryzen 3 lineup comes with unlocked multipliers and are widely available.
9th-Gen Intel Core Pentium and Celeron Series
|Pentium and Celeron||Base / Boost||Cores / Threads||TDP||PCIe Lanes||Unlocked||L3 Cache||Memory Support||Integrated Graphics||RCP|
|Pentium Gold G5620||4.0 / -||2 / 4||54W||16||No||4MB||DDR4-2400||Yes||$86|
|Pentium Gold G5600T||3.3 / -||2 / 4||35W||16||No||4MB||DDR4-2400||Yes||$75|
|Pentium Gold G5420||3.8 / -||2 / 4||54 / 58W||16||No||4MB||DDR4-2400||Yes||$64|
|Pentium Gold G5420T||3.2 / -||2 / 4||35W||16||No||4MB||DDR4-2400||Yes||$64|
|Celeron G4950||3.3 / -||2 / 2||54W||16||No||2MB||DDR4-2400||Yes||$52|
|Celeron G4930||3.2 / -||2 / 2||54W||16||No||2MB||DDR4-2400||Yes||$42|
|Celeron G4930T||3.0 / -||2 / 2||35W||16||No||2MB||DDR4-2400||Yes||$42|
As we've recently covered, Intel's Pentium and Celeron lineup now support Optane Memory, which is helpful as Intel's Optane H10 Series SSDs come to address the value segment. These dual-core chips span from 54W down to 35W, with the three least-expensive models coming without Hyper-Threading. As with all of Intel's Pentium and Celeron chips, these models don't come with Turbo Boost and step back to DDR4-2400 memory support.
Core i3 and Pentium chips have suffered the most at the hands of Intel's 14nm shortage, largely because the company is prioritizing higher-margin models during the squeeze, so we might continue to see limited availability.
9th-Gen Intel Core T-Series
|T-Series||Base / Boost||Cores / Threads||TDP||PCIe Lanes||Unlocked||L3 Cache||Memory Support||Integrated Graphics||RCP|
|Core i9-9900T||2.1 / 4.4||8 / 16||35W||16||No||16MB||DDR4-2666||Yes||$439|
|Core i7-9700T||2.0 / 4.3||8 / 8||35W||16||No||12MB||DDR4-2666||Yes||$323|
|Core i5-9600T||2.3 / 3.9||6 / 6||35W||16||No||9MB||DDR4-2666||Yes||$213|
|Core i5-9500T||2.2 / 3.7||6 / 6||35W||16||No||9MB||DDR4-2666||Yes||$192|
|Core i5-9400T||1.8 / 3.4||6 / 6||35W||16||No||9MB||DDR4-2666||Yes||$182|
|Core i3-9300T||3.2 / 3.8||4 / 4||35W||16||No||8MB||DDR4-2400||Yes||$143|
|Core i3-9100T||3.1 / 3.7||4 / 4||35W||16||No||6MB||DDR4-2400||Yes||$122|
Intel's T-Series models are designed for the space-constrained systems that need to sip the least amount of power possible to facilitate lesser thermal solutions. All of these models come with a 35W TDP and span from four cores up to eight. The flagship T-Series Core i9-9900T is the only model to come with Hyper-Threading active, meaning the chip wields 16 threads. Pricing also runs the gamut from $122 for the Core i3-9100T (which only supports DDR4-2400) to $439 for the Core i9-9900T.
Intel says the full lineup will be available today at major retailers, but we wouldn't be surprised to see sporadic shortages. We'll keep an eye on availability and update accordingly.
the last substantive change to the intel chip design was when they went from broadwell to skylake (and that was mostly to the memory subsystems, the overall design was so close as to almost qualify as a refresh). Every update since has been a "refresh" or a "refresh with more cores". zero progress on node shrink, or design update in almost 4 whole years now, this is like the Pentium 4 days when intel would release revision after revision of the same chip with slightly higher clock speeds or more cores.
Unlike with the p4 I don't see a new chip design like the core design coming down the pike to break them out of this nonsense.
Edit: I see the table is fixed now, but I wondering if the comment that it will still need "a beefy cooler and motherboard" is valid given that it's locked and limited to 65W.
AMD was well behind Intel, not releasing 14nm zen chips until 2017. The times have changed. AMD has already launched a couple of 7nm GPUs including the gaming-focused Radeon Vii and other data crunching Instinct GPUs. AMD's current gaming CPUs are based on 12nm and are soon getting an upgrade to 7nm. AMD has already announced 7nm EPYC ROME (what a stupid name) server CPUs.
Intel has been based on 14nm for ages and these new CPUs are rather uninteresting and quite similar to Skylake chips from 5 years ago.
It has been 55 months since the 5th of September, 2014 when Intel first announced 14nm CPUs. That is nearly 5 years! Intel has been delaying 10nm ( roughly = to AMD 7nm) for a while with no 10nm CPUs in sight for anytime soon.
I really hope we have some friendly competition from both teams red and blue.
Thanks for the heads up! Nice to see your comments back on the articles! about time.
Thanks for that. Intel's docs for this launch are a bit of a mess, I thought i had caught all of the errors when i made the tables. missed this one, though.