Sign in with
Sign up | Sign in

Power Management: Tests and Theory

Intel Atom CPU Review
By

Power consumption is central to this Intel platform, and they’ve made a lot of efforts in that department. Aside from the chipset, which consumes a lot of power in comparison to the processor, the Atom itself has many attractive functions.

Bus and cache

As we’ve already said, Intel has put a lot of effort into the bus and the cache: A different mode for the bus was developed (CMOS mode) and the cache can be disabled in part depending on how it’s being used. These functions reduce power consumption, as do the use of an in-order architecture and 8T SRAM for the L1 cache.

C6 power state

intel atom

In addition to the low voltage (1.05 V) CPU, the Atom also introduces a new standby mode, C6. As a reminder, the C modes (0 to 6) are low-power states, and the higher the number, the less the CPU consumes. In C6 mode, the entire processor is almost totally disabled. Only a cache memory of a few kB (10.5) is kept enabled to store the state of the registers. In this mode, the L2 cache is emptied and disabled, the supply voltage falls to only 0.3 V, and only a small part of the processor remains active, for wake-up purposes. The processor can go into C6 mode in approximately 100 microseconds, which is quick. In practice, Intel claims, C6 mode is used 90% of the time, which limits overall power consumption (obviously, if you launch a program that requires a lot of CPU power or even watch a Flash video you won’t be in that mode).

We should point out, though, that the two chipsets to be used with the Atom N200s are power users: the Atom 230s use a i945GC that consumes 22 W (4 W for the CPU) and the Atom N270s ship with a i945GSE that burns 5.5 W (2.4 W for the CPU).

In Practice

So is the Atom really low-power in practice? The processor is, yes. For the platform aimed at NetTop (low-cost desktop computers), the answer is yes, but... Why the “but”? Because the chipset used uses a lot of power and the processor is listed at a TDP of 4 W, compared to 2.4 W for the mobile versions. Our test motherboard consumes 59 W in standby, and we reached 62 W under maximum load (with a 3.5" hard disk and a 1 GB DDR2 DIMM). Obviously, these values are what we measured for the complete platform, not only the motherboard, and they don’t take power-supply losses into account (our test model has a yield of approximately 80%). That’s both a little and a lot – it’s not much for a desktop computer, of course, but it’s a lot in absolute terms. We should add that we recently tested a motherboard based on a 1.5 GHz Via C7, and the configuration drew less power with the same components: 49 W at idle and 59 W under load (always measured at the AC outlet).

Ask a Category Expert

Create a new thread in the Reviews comments forum about this subject

Example: Notebook, Android, SSD hard drive

Display all 40 comments.
This thread is closed for comments
  • 1 Hide
    anonymous x , June 6, 2008 1:10 AM
    wow, 107 on 3D mark06
  • 0 Hide
    joefriday , June 6, 2008 2:03 AM
    Celerons have significantly lower frequencies than Atom? umm...no. Only the ULV celeron M has a lower freqency. Modern notebooks start with Celerons at least 1.6GHz, more likely 1.86GHz, and are built on the much more modern Merom architecture, which have at least a 10% IPC advantage over the old Dothan architecture. No, atom is nowhere NEAR a modern Celeron in performance. Nice try though.
  • 4 Hide
    joefriday , June 6, 2008 2:06 AM
    Also, Why not have a Celeron 420 by now? Are you telling me that THG, with all its money, can't budget in a $30 CPU for comparative testing?
  • 4 Hide
    joefriday , June 6, 2008 2:41 AM
    After reviewing the article, I can say I'm thoroughly unimpressed with the Atom platform (at least the current desktop derivative). If anyone can remember, THG did a $300 PC build using now ancient Celeron Ds and AMD Semprons. One thing that I find amazing, is that those old rigs both use LESS power than this Atom desktop rig.
    http://www.tomshardware.com/reviews/the-300-pc,1546-10.html

  • -1 Hide
    randomizer , June 6, 2008 3:48 AM
    Don't you people understand that Atom is not a desktop processor? You can't compare its performance to a desktop processor fairly because that's not what it is designed for.
  • 1 Hide
    joefriday , June 6, 2008 4:26 AM
    This Atom CPU is on a desktop board. That means it's fair game, especially when the processors being compared are also comparable in price.
  • -5 Hide
    randomizer , June 6, 2008 4:43 AM
    It's on a desktop board, woopdedoo. If you could get your mobile phone processor to run on a desktop board would you compare it to an E2160?
  • 1 Hide
    joefriday , June 6, 2008 5:34 AM
    Who cares what the Atom CPU is SUPPOSED to be. It is right now, in this review, on a desktop-oriented package, built to compete with low power consumption desktop computers. It fails miserably in that regard, as it is neither low power consumption, nor competitive. In your ridiculous example, if I had a mobile phone processor on a desktop board, and it ended up consuming more power than an E2160/motherboard combo that costs the same amount of money, all the while performing much worse than the e2160, I would call the mobile phone cpu on a desktop motherboard either A FAILURE or AMD. Take your pick.
  • 1 Hide
    apaige , June 6, 2008 6:35 AM
    So, for the Intel Atom, you do use an updated version of Sandra, but not for the Phenom. You compare it to the VIA C7, a 3 year-old CPU, but not the VIA Nano, which will be available in the same timeframe as the Atom. You don't provide graphics for power consumption, despite the Atom being designed for low power consumption; surprise, the old C7-M system draws less power.

    Biased much?
  • 1 Hide
    Anonymous , June 6, 2008 8:10 AM
    Not sure that Nano's are really available yet, still a newer mini-itx based C7 (say EPIA-M700) would have been better, since you would be looking at even less power than the one used and the VX800 will end up used with the Nano. The D201DLY[2] would have been good to compare to, would also give some idea how the Atom would go paired with SiS chipsets.
  • 0 Hide
    Crazy-PC , June 6, 2008 9:43 AM
    Why not benchmark with other mobile CPUs like Intel X-scale and the mobile CPU from TI etc Atom would be more make sense to use on small mobile device rather than notebook.
  • 3 Hide
    Anonymous , June 6, 2008 10:32 AM
    randomizerDon't you people understand that Atom is not a desktop processor? You can't compare its performance to a desktop processor fairly because that's not what it is designed for.


    His point was that it's not only less powerful than "comparable" desktop CPUs, it also takes more power, which pretty much defeats the meaning of being used as a CPU in portable applications. His point is that this CPU is unimpressive in every area you could apply it versus what's already there. Nice try, Intel.
  • 0 Hide
    Anonymous , June 6, 2008 11:37 AM
    VIA Nano powered by Nvidia GPU in mini-itx play game: Crysis and Bioshock.
  • 1 Hide
    Anonymous , June 6, 2008 12:20 PM
    ??? INTEL ATOM vs. VIA NANO ???
  • 2 Hide
    Wheat_Thins , June 6, 2008 1:27 PM
    Where the heck is the performance / watt comparisons. The entire point of this processors creation is performance / watt and its missing from your benchmarks! Please Add!
  • 0 Hide
    mmc4587 , June 6, 2008 1:59 PM
    Dude, please correct your Cinebench R10 charts, they are screwed up.

  • 0 Hide
    joefriday , June 6, 2008 3:47 PM
    Quote:
    His point was that it's not only less powerful than "comparable" desktop CPUs, it also takes more power, which pretty much defeats the meaning of being used as a CPU in portable applications. His point is that this CPU is unimpressive in every area you could apply it versus what's already there. Nice try, Intel.

    Don't get me wrong...I do think the Atom probably has a decent performance per watt for the CPU itself, but this platform being tested, the entire rig, is where it disappoints. I don't know if it's all in the PSU inefficiency or what, as Anandtech's review of the ASUS Eee Box put power consumption at below 20 watts under load, using a seemingly comparable hardware list (but with a DC power brick, instead of a conventional power supply).
  • 0 Hide
    enewmen , June 6, 2008 6:02 PM
    Good article.
    Still don't know if it's POSSIBLE to run Vista64 on a Atom.
    I'll wait for the next-gen of eee PC clones. Then I'll get a better idea of real-world performance.
  • 0 Hide
    Anonymous , June 6, 2008 7:12 PM
    NVIDIA Tegra is much Better
    It would be interesting to see their response at the Intel Atom Processor Launch Event on June 3rd, 2008*. In the meantime, let's take a look at what the NVIDIA Tegra is all about... why ? lets see
    * an 800 MHz ARM CPU,
    * a HD video processor,
    * an imaging processor,
    * an audio processor,
    * and an ultra-low power GeForce GPU
    for father information plz go to http://www.techarp.com/showarticle.aspx?artno=549&pgno=0
  • 0 Hide
    doomsdaydave11 , June 6, 2008 7:34 PM
    Yay the Poulsbo processor is named after where I live :D . There is only one Poulsbo... so it must be. I'ma go out and buy one now. ;) 
Display more comments