Transient Response Tests
Advanced Transient Response Tests
For details on our transient response testing, please click here.
In these tests, we monitored the response of the PSU in two different scenarios. First, a transient load (10A at +12V, 5A at 5V, 5A at 3.3V and 0.5A at 5VSB) was applied to the PSU for 200ms while the PSU was working at 20 percent load. In the second scenario, the PSU was hit with the same transient load while operating at 50 percent load. In both tests, we used our oscilloscope to measure the voltage drops caused by the transient load. The voltages should have remained within the ATX specification's regulation limits.
These tests are crucial because they simulate the transient loads a PSU is likely to handle (such as booting a RAID array, an instant 100-percent load of CPU/GPUs, etc.). We call these tests "Advanced Transient Response Tests," and they are designed to be exceedingly tough to master, especially for a PSU with a capacity of less than 500W.
Advanced Transient Response at 20 Percent
Advanced Transient Response at 50 Percent
During the first set of tests the deviation on the +12V rail was higher than what we expected from a powerful PSU like this one. Most likely the main cause behind this deviation was the PWM operation of the primary switchers. In the second set of tests with the increased initial load, the +12V voltage drop was much lower, since the primary switchers operated in FM mode. On all the rest of the rails performance was satisfactory but not as high as we would like to have seen.
Here are the oscilloscope screenshots we took during Advanced Transient Response Testing:
Transient Response At 20 Percent Load
Transient Response At 50 Percent Load
Turn-On Transient Tests
In the next set of tests, we measured the response of the PSU in simpler transient load scenarios during the PSU's power-on phase.
For the first measurement, we turned off the PSU, dialed in the maximum current the 5VSB could output and switched on the PSU. In the second test, we dialed the maximum load the +12V could handle and started the PSU while it was in standby mode. In the last test, while the PSU was completely switched off (we cut off the power or switched off the PSU by flipping the on/off switch), we dialed the maximum load the +12V rail could handle before switching on the PSU from the loader and restoring the power. The ATX specification states that recorded spikes on all rails should not exceed 10 percent of their nominal values (+10 percent for 12V is 13.2V and 5.5V for 5V).
At 5VSB we noticed a small voltage overshoot, which is nothing to worry about. In the next two tests the results were amazingly good, with very smooth waveforms despite the huge load that we suddenly applied to the PSU.