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Asus Maximus Extreme

X38 Comparison Part 2: DDR3 Motherboards
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The best-equipped DDR3 board from Asus, the Maximus Extreme looks a lot like the DDR2-compatible Maximus Formula we tested two weeks ago. Don't let the good looks fool you, though, as this is a completely different animal.

The biggest improvement Asus made to its Maximus Extreme was the addition of a third PCI Express x16 slot, made possible by its Crosslinx PCI Express hub. A huge blue sink covers both the Southbridge and Crosslinx controller, and twin heatpipes connect it to the Asus Fusion liquid-cooling block.

The Crosslinx controller is able to split the second x16 slot's PCI Express lanes into two x8 connections, so the second slot drops to x8 mode when the third slot is used. This also drops the second slot out of PCI Express 2.0 mode, but most cards get adequate performance from traditional x8 transfers.

Speaking of big changes, the Maximus Extreme is an inch wider than the full ATX specification, and could be a tight squeeze into many standard-sized cases. Adding to the problem is that Asus faces all six of its internal SATA connectors toward the case's front, where the lower drive cages of many cases will block the insertion of cables. The design does allow long cards to pass over the top of cable connectors without interference, but even the enormous 8800GTX is nearly an inch shorter than the Maximus Extreme's extreme width.

Like the Maximus Formula, the Maximus Extreme moves its DIMM slots "south" by around 1.5" from the traditional orientation. This was probably done to bring the northbridge closer to the center of the memory slots for decreased trace length and increased high-frequency stability, but it also puts the top PCI Express x16 slot in Position 3 with a traditional PCI and an x1 slot above it.

The power and reset buttons are handy for bench testing an uninstalled board, and Asus expands on this convenience further by moving the buttons toward the Maximus Extreme's center for easier access once it's installed. Other conveniences focus on cable management, including a floppy connector located directly behind the external 3.5" bay(s) of most ATX cases, an IEEE-1394 FireWire port and two of the three USB headers moved forward to the lower front edge, an ATX/EPS main power connector near the top of the front edge, and an ATX12V/EPS12V connector near the top of its rear edge.

Asus Maximus Extreme (Revision 2.01G)
Northbridge Intel X38 Express MCH
Southbridge Intel ICH9R
Voltage Regulator Eight Phases
BIOS 0501 (10/30/2007)
333.3 MHz (FSB1333) 334.0 MHz (+0.2%25)
Connectors and Interfaces
Onboard 3x PCIe x16 (Modes: 2x x16 or 1x x16 + 2x x8)
2x PCIe x1 (1x dual-function w/Audio Riser)
2x PCI
3x USB 2.0 (2 ports per connector)
1x IEEE-1394 FireWire
1x Floppy
1x Ultra ATA (2 drives)
6x Serial ATA 3.0Gb/s
1x S/P-DIF Out
1x Fan 4 pins (CPU)
7x Fan 3 pins (System)
3x thermal sensor connector
1x Internal Power Switch
1x Internal Reset Switch
1x Clear CMOS button Enable/Disable switch
1x Rear Panel Light Connector
1x LCD Diagnostics Display Module connector
IO panel 1x PS2 (keyboard )
2x RJ-45 Network
6x USB 2.0
2x External SATA
1x Clear CMOS Button
2x Digital Audio Out (S/P-DIF optical + coaxial)
1x IEEE-1394 FireWire
Mass Storage Controllers
Intel ICH9R 6x SATA 3.0 Gb/s (RAID 0,1,5,10)
JMicron JMB363 1x Ultra ATA-133 (2-drives)
2x External SATA 3.0Gb/s
Network
2x Marvell 88E8056-NNC1 PCI-E 2x Gigabit LAN Connection
Audio
HDA (Azalia) Controller Interface ADI 1988B 8-channel riser card
FireWire
VIA VT6308P 2x IEEE-1394a (400 Mbit/s)

The Maximus Extreme makes full use of PCI Express bandwidth for its network and added-in Ultra ATA / eSATA controller, allowing simultaneous upstreams and downstreams at each chip's highest capabilities.

Asus hasn't included a PS/2 mouse port on any of its high-end boards for a while, instead putting two USB 2.0 ports in its place. The Maximus Extreme adds two External SATA ports and a CLR_CMOS button where other legacy ports used to go. Anyone fearing an accidental loss of their custom BIOS configuration can disable the button using an internal switch.

Also missing from the rear panel are any analog audio ports, which Asus has instead moved to its SupremeFX II riser card. This design allowed Asus to shift the audio codec away from noise-inducing circuits, and the riser card is further shielded to reduce EMI from any cards beneath. Though the SupremeFX II module uses a proprietary interface, the Maximus Extreme's audio riser slot is also compatible with PCI Express x1 cards. Users who don't like integrated audio solutions will be pleased that they can do away with any "onboard" analog ports.

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