PeaceKeeper, Acid3, And DOM
PeaceKeeper is a free online synthetic browser benchmark by Futuremark, the maker of popular Windows benchmarking software 3DMark. It tests browser performance independent of your network connection and creates a synthetic number representing the accumulated results of the tests. PeaceKeeper is cross-platform and can be used to compare scores between various browsers across different operating systems. We ran PeaceKeeper three times and averaged the results to achieve a final score.
Opera dominates the PeaceKeeper tests, followed closely by Chrome. Safari and Firefox place a very close third and fourth while Internet Explorer wheezes to the finish line with a score of nearly one fourth that of Mozilla and Apple.
The Acid3 test isn't a performance benchmark. Acid3 checks a browsers adherence to Web standards. Since the outcome will remain the same on each run, we only needed to run this test once per browser.
The images below show how a successfully-completed Acid3 test is supposed to look, followed by the Firefox and the IE results.
Both Opera and Safari score 100% in our Acid3 tests, but not as quickly or as smoothly as Chrome. Safari experiences a brief hangup at 69% before completing the test with a perfect score. Opera also hangs, but at 26%. Because Acid3 requires not only a final score of 100%, but also an exact and smooth render, we have to declare Chrome the winner of this test, even though Opera and Safari also score 100%.
Mozilla Dromaeo DOM
This is the full DOM portion of the Mozilla Dromaeo Benchmark. This test takes the longest to complete by far, so we ran it three times instead of our usual five. The average of the three runs became our final score.
Both Opera and Internet Explorer twice locked up during the DOM Query portion of Mozilla's DOM Tests. A simple pause and subsequent re-run got the test going both times. However, IE eventually skipped at only 80% complete before moving on to the next portion of the test. Opera eventually skipped at around 95%. This occurred on all three iterations of this benchmark in both browsers.
Dromaeo DOM puts Chrome and Safari in a near tie for first, while Opera places third, despite it's errors. Firefox takes fourth, and IE predictably comes in last.
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Well i was beginning to feel the lack of many tests such as security and UI customizations but the last para covered it well.. I too felt that chrome has got the speed advantage over the competition.. Not only for a single tab but also with multiple tabs.. The slowest i feel is firefox (with multiple tabs).. So, may be a bit incomplete but nice article..Reply
Great article guys! Good to show the fanboys the real numbers behind the browsers...Reply
Although I bet the replies will soon be streaming in with posts saying how the tests aren't correct etc...
In any case, great read.
well this makes me feel better. ive asserted that opera is the best web browser for a whil now.Reply
and give the inherent spyware nature of anything google, i think this justifies that.
sure google chrome may have some nifty features, but have you READ the T&Cs?...
Was using Chrome and Firefox for quite a while...Reply
I will try OPERA now!!
Chrome has a clumsy system to open bookmarks. Instead of a pull down menu you have to click a spanner then select bookmark manager which opens up a bookmark browser so you can then click the frequently used site.Reply
Now all we need is a Google Operating System!Reply
The benches are nothing new, however the runs are complete and the picture they draw is accurate. I myself would probably switch to Chrome too... if performance was the only consideration.Reply
Let's get things straight: although Firefox put the hurt on IE for performance reasons when it came out, Gecko is *by design* not made for speed - but versatility.
Firefox uses Gecko for everything: the UI, page rendering, running add-ons, etc. It is actually a complete, highly versatile, and highly complex piece of software, indeed a programming environment that can run on pretty much anything (Firefox 3.6 can still run comfortably on a computer with 128 Mb of RAM, due to its memory manager) - and it shows: everything you see is actually interpreted code. If there's RAM to spare, Firefox will cache precompiled elements for fast reuse later on. If not, it'll recompute at need - including the UI. And since it's not exactly slow either, performance on memory-limited scenarii is best in Firefox than in many other browsers. It's also rather small to download (8 Mb for the 32-bit Windows version). Mozilla knows very well what's wrong with Firefox: Gecko, as it currently stands, is more than 10 years old (and actually predates most of the Web Standards) - and some design decisions no longer make any sense. Gecko 2 (which is in the planning stage) should solve most of these problems, but it's not there yet. So, for now, we get a patched and streamlined Gecko 1.9.x.
What about the competition?
Safari (based on Webkit) has a plain C++ interface, and is a 45 Mb download. What they put in this, I have no idea: not developer tools, that's for sure. I don't know how it can be that fast in your benches, but I know one thing for sure: on my XP box, it's slow - even slower than IE. And it's for Mac and Windows (XP and up, not 2k) only. Moreover, its interface is frozen: no way to customize your experience, not even skins. You get Safari, you get Apple's way. Some enjoy that, I sure don't.
Chrome is FAST. No question about that. Also built upon Webkit (which is no slouch at HTML and CSS rendering), its V8 engine is just damn fast. While it uses process separation and sandboxing, it is also very light (no bigger than Firefox to download). The Chromium project (the open source version, that retains most of Chrome's advantages apart from phoning Google home and h.264 decoding) also makes it free software. While Google didn't go as far as Apple to freeze the interface (on the Linux build of Chromium, for example, you may have the browser using the system's theme and window decorations), it is also quite frozen in its design. For no-nonsense browsing, I recommend it. But it doesn't sit well with me: too frozen for my tastes (but I don't mind using it, contrary to Safari).
Opera is a case appart: it's the only completely closed browser that is also found on any platform you may want. Mobile builds, 32- and 64-bit builds, Mac, Windows, Linux, BSD, Solaris ports... The only browser with more versions is Firefox, and even then, that's debatable. It also packs many features, is very light (the Windows version is smaller than Firefox's) and rather quick. It is also the only browser apart from Firefox that will do 'proper' XML parsing. It is, however, so unlike the competition that using it is an acquired taste: you either can't stand it for long, or you swear by it. I fall in the former, but I perfectly understand those in the latter category.
Internet Explorer. Why is it still used by 60% of the net denizens? Performance ain't the reason. The interface? Let's not go there. Packed features? A joke. Security? Chrome has it for lunch. Extensions? Firefox is so far above IE can't see it any more with a telescope. Interface? Yeah, right. Portability? It's Windows only. Developer tools? They are basically a rewrite of an older version of Firebug.
Could it be "bundling"? As in, forced installs? Maybe the EC has something here.
So, why do I remain in Firefox? Extensions first. I use a few, that don't all have equivalent tools in other browsers, but that's not exactly the reason. Portability? Not that either, as Chrome(ium) and Opera run on the same OSes I use. Speed? Obviously not (I find it rather slow sometimes myself). Habit? There's definitely some of that, but if that were the case, I'd merely try to break a 'bad' habit. Compatible? Actually no, since it probably boasts the least compatible support for Web technologies apart from IE: Mozilla implemented standards with very few proprietary extensions, whether their own or their competitors', and they are late in implementing modifications in said standards (thus the 'low' Acid3 score).
No, what I enjoy most about Firefox is that I can truly make it my own. It is the most versatile browser out there, bar none. I can make websites with it, I can make it 'pretty', I can load extensions for meaningful features (NoScript and Adblock are GREAT), I can run it on any system I have (even the 10 year old box I keep in my kitchen), I can take it with me (mobile versions), it works on any website I use it on... Something no other browser can do yet.
And I like robots.
What about the "Privacy" test? Chrome records everything you type in the search bar and sends it back to Google. If you want big brother get Chrome. If you want control and customization FF or Opera. FF wins for me the addons alone make up for the relative lack of speed. Adblock and Cooliris are invaluable, can you imagine Google ever allowing an Adblock addon for Chrome?Reply
Google "Adblock for chrome" the first result is a link to the Adblock for Chrome extension download. Which is hosted at chrome.google.com. So I can imagine an Adblock addon for Chrome.Reply
A good set of tests that has generated some intriguing results. Especially this comparison:Reply
Overall page load times is a big part of the user experience. What I cannot understand is WHY Firefox wins the page load times, so there must be other factors involved. One aspect is maybe the efficient memory usage. Another aspect may be in parallel processing and for online usage perhaps Firefox has better pipelining, sockets usage etc.