Nvidia's Tom Peterson has updated the company's blog with news of a new technology aimed to fix the problems related to V-SYNC. With it off, many games have fast frame rates but suffer annoying, visual tearing, whereas when V-SYNC is turned on, many games stutter and lag. This has been a problem since the early '90s; the GPU company has embarked on a way to figure out a way around stuttering problems related to monitor refresh rates.
"We brought together about two dozen GPU architects and other senior guys to take apart the problem and look at why some games are smooth and others aren't," he writes. "It turns out that our entire industry has been syncing the GPU's frame-rendering rate to the monitor's refresh rate – usually 60 Hz – and it's this syncing that's causing a lot of the problems."
He said that because of historic reasons, monitors have fixed refresh rates at 60 Hz. That's because PC monitors originally used TV components, and here in the States, 60 Hz has been the standard TV refresh rate since the 1940s. Back then, the U.S. power grid was based on a 60 Hz AC power grid, thus setting the TV refresh rate to the same 60 Hz that made it easier to build for TVs. The PC industry simply inherited the refresh rate.
That's where the G-SYNC module comes in. The device will be built inside a display and work with the hardware and software in certain Kepler GeForce GTX GPUs. Thanks to the module, the monitor begins a refresh cycle right after each frame is completely rendered on the GPU. And because the GPU renders with variable time, the refresh of the monitor now no longer has a fixed rate.
"This brings big benefits for gamers. First, since the GPU drives the timing of the refresh, the monitor is always in sync with the GPU," Peterson writes. "So, no more tearing. Second, the monitor update is in perfect harmony with the GPU at any FPS. So, no more stutters, because even as scene complexity is changing, the GPU and monitor remain in sync. Also, you get the same great response time that competitive gamers get by turning off V-SYNC."
According to Nvidia's separate press release, many monitor manufacturers have already included G-SYNC technology in their product roadmaps for 2014. Among the first planning to roll out the technology are ASUS, BenQ, Philips and ViewSonic. Compatible Nvidia GPUs include GTX 650 Ti Boost, GTX 660, GTX 660 Ti, GTX 670, GTX 680, GTX 690, GTX 760, GTX 770, GTX 780 and GTX TITAN. The driver requirement is R331.58 or higher.
"With G-SYNC, you can finally have your cake and eat it too -- make every bit of the GPU power at your disposal contribute to a significantly better visual experience without the drawbacks of tear and stutter," said John Carmack, co-founder, iD Software.