It's a well-known fact that faster memory frequencies have a profound impact on Ryzen's gaming performance. Increasing Ryzen's memory frequency also decreases the Infinity Fabric's latency, which likely plays a big role in the increased gaming performance. However, memory timings and other factors also play a significant role in increased performance, so AMD penned a helpful blog post with its findings.
AMD has already significantly improved Ryzen's memory support and performance through a string of BIOS updates, but the newest AGESA 22.214.171.124 protocol exposes yet more settings for more fine-grained tuning. AMD announced the new AGESA code at the end of May, and motherboard vendors have released a steady cadence of BIOS revisions that support the new code. According to our observations, nearly every vendor now supports the new protocol. AMD tested with the Asus Crosshair VI, but the new settings should apply to almost all motherboards with current firmware/AGESA revisions.
AMD compiled the results into a single master table that boils down the best combination of memory settings for gaming performance. High frequencies, manually tuned timings, disabled GDM and BGS, and single rank memory modules provided the best results in AMD's tests. Let's look at the settings individually.
Single Rank Versus Dual Rank
AMD tested single rank versus dual rank memory modules and found that as a general Ryzen rule, dual rank memory is faster than single rank for gaming.
Automatic Timings Versus Manual Tuning, Frequency Versus Timings
Memory timings are a complicated subject, as anyone who has dived into the more fine-grained settings can attest to. Timings can impact performance, stability, and compatibility, and motherboard vendors have adopted support for easy-to-use profiles, such as XMP, that simplify the experience with pre-defined settings. Though most AMD motherboards don't support XMP directly, some vendors have created AMD-equivalent settings, such as MSI's A-XMP, that simplify memory timing and overclocking adjustments into a one-click operation. But do those settings provide the maximum benefit?
According to AMD's testing, hand-tuned settings can yield incredible performance gains compared to the generic SPD/XMP settings. It may be a time-consuming process, but considering AMD's results, it's clearly worth it.
Perhaps most importantly, AMD found that memory timings have a greater impact on gaming performance than higher frequencies, which fuels a few ideas for our next round of Ryzen gaming tests.
Geardown Mode & BankGroupSwap
The new motherboard firmware's expose the Geardown Mode (GDM) and BankGroupSwap settings. AMD explains the features quite succinctly.
GDM is enabled by default for memory speeds greater than DDR4-2667 per the DDR4 spec. GDM allows the RAM to use a clock that’s one half the true DRAM frequency for the purposes of latching (storing a value) on the memory’s command or address buses. This conservative latching can potentially allow for higher clockspeeds, broader compatibility, and better stability—good for the average user[..]For overclockers, Geardown Mode will be noteworthy because it also tells the memory subsystem to "disregard" the command rate set in the BIOS. As 1T command rates can be beneficial (though tough to maintain) for performance...
BankGroupSwap (BGS) is a new memory mapping option in AGESA 126.96.36.199 that alters how applications get assigned to physical locations within the memory modules; the goal of this knob is to optimize how memory requests are executed after taking DRAM architecture and your memory timings into account. The theory goes that toggling this setting can shift the balance of performance in favor of either games or synthetic apps.
AMD tested both modes, and in a nutshell, the company recommends that most gamers should disable BankGroupSwap. You should also disable Geardown Mode if the memory overclock is already stable with a 1T command rate. As with any settings, your mileage may vary.
And So It Continues...
AMD's continuing refinement of the Ryzen platform has led to big performance increases since launch, and the granular level of control enabled by AEGSA 188.8.131.52 should provide yet another boost. AMD's efforts are two-fold, it also continues to work with game developers to enable more performance-boosting game patches. We've been impressed with AMD's advances as the platform matures, and the continued work on both the hardware and software side should increase performance more in the future.
AMD's blog post is informative and well-written. It dives in a bit deeper on the topics, so we recommend you give it a read. We tested a few of the beta firmwares with the new AGESA but chose to wait until they reached general availability before using them in our test suite. We have a new round of Ryzen testing already underway with the new AGESA versions, so stay tuned.