Samsung 850 Pro SSD Review: 3D Vertical NAND Hits Desktop Storage

Testing The DevSlp Power State With Some New Gear

Sometimes I find it unfortunate that most of our storage analysis is in the context of desktop PCs, where the power consumption of an SSD doesn't really matter. The topic is far more meaningful in the enterprise and mobile spaces though, so I find it critically important to benchmark power thoroughly and as precisely as possible.

On a laptop, every milliwatt matters. So much so, in fact, that Intel's Haswell-based CPUs and corresponding chipsets on the mobile side support a new mode for reducing SSD power consumption. DevSlp, or device sleep, is a sideband signal sent to the storage device to indicate that it should drop into a super-low power state. Essentially, everything that can be off is.

This is a great way to get a little extra battery life out of an Ultrabook (particularly in light of Intel's targets for runtime and standby connectivity). But you do pay a price: it takes longer to enter and exit the DevSlp state. Granted, the delay is less than powering the SSD down and back up as needed, a process that can take seconds. Worse, an drive may use substantial amounts of power as it's readied again. DevSlp should need only 50 ms in contrast, along with a few milliwatts.

To measure power consumption in a DevSlp state, we need two things. First is an Ultrabook with a Haswell-based CPU on a compatible platform. I'm using Lenovo's ThinkPad T440s. It's reasonably versatile, including a 2.5" SATA bay and two M.2 slots (for M.2 2242s) wired to the PCH's SATA ports. I typically don't need more than one slot, but it's nice to have the option at least.

The second item is a test platform able to initiate the DevSlp command, measure the current draw, and record the results. To do that, ULINK Technologies sent over some hardware designed expressly for this purpose. I've been using the company's DriveMaster software and SATA/SAS power hubs for a year now, and they confer a spectacular amount of control over what drives under test do. In this case, DevSlp testing is made possible in a way that's informative and easy to manage.

Using a test script to record amperage and issue the appropriate commands, this is what we end up with:

This is an example from my Plextor M6S review. The test script begins at active idle, then issues write commands (the first big increase in power). After 20,000 I/Os, the drive gets issued the DevSlp signal (denoted by the vertical purple bars). In this DevSlp zone, it takes a few tens of milliseconds before the drive enters DevSlp as commanded, but it stays at the state using just 2.5 mW until DevSlp exits (noted by the second purple bar). More I/O is then issued, and then it's back to idle before the script ends. The results are recorded in milliamps, and I convert to watts.

Power Testing With DevSlp

I'll keep it short and sweet this time around, mostly since the next page is going to include all of the power testing. For now, here are some DevSlp and slumber figures for a handful of drives in the lab.

The ULINK DevSlp test platform's instrumentation is sensitive enough to measure thousandths of an amp. Multiply the 2.5" SSDs by an estimate of the PSU's 5 V rail and we get mW from mA. For mSATA- and M.2 SATA-based SSDs, we multiply by the 3.3 V rail's estimated current value. 

In order to get into DevSlp, my DriveMaster 2012 script first enables the device sleep feature bit. From there, it steps through power management modes, finally entering DevSlp from slumber. This has a specific name: DESO. It stands for DevSlp Entry from Slumber Only. So, the last stop before DevSlp is slumber.

DevSlp Measurements

First up, here's the wattage these drives consume in DevSlp. Actually, make that mW; there are way too many zeros involved if I try to report the figures in watts. Remember that when you compare these numbers to the measurements on the next page.

Samsung's spec claims the 850 Pro drops to 2 mW in DevSlp. But that's for the 256 GB model, I suspect. Our tools measure just 1 mW (.2 mA) on the 128 GB version and 2.5 mW on the 1 TB drive.

Compare that data to the 1 TB 840 EVO in mSATA trim (the 2.5" 840 EVOs don't support DevSlp). With the same controller, I get 15.3 mW (5.1 mA * ~3.3 V). Clearly, DevSlp is something vendors are starting to optimize for now. The other handful of drives we have on-hand with support range from 2.5 to 5 mW. I didn't even know the M500 supported DevSlp, but it does, and it works.

Lowest Slumber

This is arguably a more relevant measurement, since it affects a greater number of users. Lowest slumber state power consumption matters to laptops not using connected standby. If DIPM is enabled, these numbers are what you'd see once the host system or device decides to snooze. The same behavior isn't desirable in a desktop setting, which is why we previously only showed active idle numbers.

Not every drive supports every power management trick in the book, so this is the lowest measured non-DevSlp power state.

The Samsungs don't use much power here, either. The two 1 TB MEX-equipped models demonstrate just 38 mW of consumption in slumber, just over twice what the 840 EVO mSATA uses in DevSlp. But that's 38x as much as the 128 GB 850 Pro needs in its deepest sleep state.

Considering that maximum power for the 1 TB drive is around 3000 mW, this is hot stuff. Power management is for real.

This thread is closed for comments
42 comments
    Your comment
  • MoulaZX
    I 'just' ordered 2x Samsung EVO 120GB a few hours ago, then I stumbled onto this article. Damn it! Damn it! Damn it! Every freaking time I run into this, be it Storage, CPU, or GPU.... -_-
  • cryan
    Quote:
    I 'just' ordered 2x Samsung EVO 120GB a few hours ago, then I stumbled onto this article. Damn it! Damn it! Damn it! Every freaking time I run into this, be it Storage, CPU, or GPU.... -_-


    I don't know if this really changes anything for you. Two EVOs are still going to be better than one 850 Pro in [most] every way. But I understand the sentiment!

    Christopher Ryan
  • lp231
    193769 said:
    I 'just' ordered 2x Samsung EVO 120GB a few hours ago, then I stumbled onto this article. Damn it! Damn it! Damn it! Every freaking time I run into this, be it Storage, CPU, or GPU.... -_-

    You just ordered a few hours ago. Just cancel your order if you really want this 850 Pro.
  • tomfreak
    10yrs warranty, may be finally I have a reason to buy SSD. lol
  • g-unit1111
    502873 said:
    10yrs warranty, may be finally I have a reason to buy SSD. lol


    I can guarantee that in 10 years you won't own that drive anymore. :lol:
  • 10tacle
    I still have several 8-10 year old drives laying around between 80GB-150GB. I mostly use them as external drives for backing up USB thumb drives and other files that aren't large volume.
  • helper800
    Hoping for some SATA 12gbs (or more) transfer speeds in the coming years.
  • razor512
    Will overclocking the bus that the sata controller is on impact the performance?

    Can you test on an AMD platform which makes it easier to over clock that bus and some of the connected components?
  • BestJinjo
    Looking forward to future generations of 3D Vertical Nand on M.2 / M.2 Ultra interface. Too bad SATA 3 is all maxed out and the next generation standards are not yet mainstream for the masses which is holding back SSD performance. As far as this drive goes, it's only slightly faster than MX100 but costs double. I don't think it's worth it. MX100 512GB sounds like a perfect stop-gap until M.2/SATAe drives arrive with 1-1.5TB/sec throughput. Perhaps Samsung will give us 95% of the performance for a fraction of the price in the 850 EVO.
  • MoulaZX
    Quote:
    Quote:
    I 'just' ordered 2x Samsung EVO 120GB a few hours ago, then I stumbled onto this article. Damn it! Damn it! Damn it! Every freaking time I run into this, be it Storage, CPU, or GPU.... -_-
    I don't know if this really changes anything for you. Two EVOs are still going to be better than one 850 Pro in [most] every way. But I understand the sentiment! Christopher Ryan


    Not quite. One is for my Desktop, the other is for my Father's Desktop.

    For my Desktop, I'll be stepping up from 2x OCZ Vertex 2 60GB in RAID 0. Hope it'll be worth it...
  • MoulaZX
    Quote:
    Quote:
    I 'just' ordered 2x Samsung EVO 120GB a few hours ago, then I stumbled onto this article. Damn it! Damn it! Damn it! Every freaking time I run into this, be it Storage, CPU, or GPU.... -_-
    I don't know if this really changes anything for you. Two EVOs are still going to be better than one 850 Pro in [most] every way. But I understand the sentiment! Christopher Ryan


    Not quite. One is for my Desktop, the other is for my Father's Desktop.

    For my Desktop, I'll be stepping up from 2x OCZ Vertex 2 60GB in RAID 0. Hope it'll be worth it...
  • cpy
    Why does tom hardware looks like website from 1990? This page is narrow as hell!
  • Flying-Q
    Quote:
    Why does tom hardware looks like website from 1990? This page is narrow as hell!

    That would be to give more room for the sidebar adverts.
  • Novuake
    Impressive, didn't think some of these numbers were possible via SATA3.

    But the limit has now been reached in almost every way.

    Which solution will stick? Anyone care to guess?
  • crawlgsx
    Eh, unimpressed. Sure its a nice bump but when I look at how long the 840 Pro has been on the market and compare it to the increase to the soon coming 850 Pro, to say the least it doesn't make me want to run out and replace my 840's.
  • cryan
    Quote:
    Hmm, what's next for SATA? SATA4? SATA 3.2 (SATA Express) doesn't look like a long term solution. PCI-E is fine, but SATA is still so convenient.


    I disagree. SATA Express melds the convenience of SATA and pcie performance. With NVMe and Gen 3 PCIe, I think there WILL be much to like.

    Christopher Ryan
  • RedJaron
    That much speed for that little power draw? Impressive.
  • arneberg
    SATA Express haw to wide Cables as bad as the old IDE Cables M.2 or PCIE cards
  • xenol
    Part of me doesn't care about bandwidth. I've had Windows 7 load up much faster (as in the throbber didn't get to finish) on a laptop with a SATA 3Gbps interface than a desktop using the 6Gbps interface. And most of the time file accesses are small, but many.

    I'd rather start seeing IOPS crank up to RAM levels.
  • WyomingKnott
    The main reason not to go to SATA 4 and double the throughput rate again is not a signalling issue. SATA was designed for rotating magnetic media. There are limitations that are removed in the rising standards, although the next generation of storage will probably find those brilliant improvements to be a bottleneck!
  • dgingeri
    I like the look of this drive, but it's not quite enough to get me to upgrade from my 840 Pro/ 840 EVO combo, especially at those prices. The warranty is a nice feature, though. This drive looks like the best we can ever expect from SATA3.

    I have a board that has a 2 lane M.2 PCIe slot. Once I see a drive that performs as well or better than this in that form factor at 500-512GB, I'll go for that, and no sooner.
  • coolitic
    It's about dang time.
  • rantoc
    With 10 years warranty Samsung really have belief in the product, guess ill wait a couple of months to see if it has reliability issues before considering striking a deal or two
  • mapesdhs
    MoulaZX writes:
    > For my Desktop, I'll be stepping up from 2x OCZ Vertex 2 60GB in RAID 0.
    > Hope it'll be worth it...

    What model is your motherboard? If your system is just SATA2, the EVO may
    or may not be quicker, kinda depends. I did loads of RAID0 tests using various
    numbers of Vertex2E 120GB drives (tad quicker than the 60GB, but relevant
    nonetheless). See:

    http://www.sgidepot.co.uk/misc/ssd_tests.txt

    Compared to a single 840 250GB or Vector 128GB, the 2xV2E/120 RAID0 was
    quicker for sequential I/O, slower for 4K random read, 2X faster for 4K random
    write, roughly the same for 4K/64-thread read/write (AS-SSD), faster for CDM
    512K read, and slower for CDM 512K write (ignore the ATTO results, they're a
    bit whacko anyway).

    Alas I didn't have time to run the real-world app-start/load tests on the RAID0
    configs, and I've not yet run the same tests with a SATA3 setup. Useful data
    for users of older SATA2 systems though I hope, and here's some extra data
    testing a Vector 256GB with various types of SATA2/3 so you can compare to
    the Vector's SATA2 results above (note that the Vector shows up fairly well
    in the 850 Pro review, so it's a good model for this sort of general testing):

    http://www.sgidepot.co.uk/misc/sata_vector_tests.txt


    Overall, I think you'll be happy with the EVOs, though TBH I'm surprised you
    didn't go for a couple of MX100 256GB units; I would have I think. Mind you,
    for reliability I'd probably change my mind at the last minute & buy Samsungs.

    Ian.