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FSP Dagger Pro 650W Power Supply Review: Compact and Strong

Load Regulation, Hold-Up Time, Inrush Current, Efficiency and Noise

To learn more about our PSU tests and methodology, please check out How We Test Power Supply Units. 

Primary Rails And 5VSB Load Regulation

The following charts show the main rails' voltage values recorded between a range of 40W up to the PSU's maximum specified load, along with the deviation (in percent). Tight regulation is an important consideration every time we review a power supply, because it facilitates constant voltage levels despite varying loads. Tight load regulation also, among other factors, improves the system’s stability, especially under overclocked conditions. And at the same time, it applies less stress to the DC-DC converters that many system components utilize.

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The load regulation is tight, for the standards of the SFX category, on all rails but 5VSB.

Hold-Up Time

Put simply, hold-up time is the amount of time that the system can continue to run without shutting down or rebooting during a power interruption.

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Thanks to the ACRF topology, the hold-up time is quite long, despite the low-capacity bulk cap.

Inrush Current

Inrush current, or switch-on surge, refers to the maximum, instantaneous input current drawn by an electrical device when it is first turned on. A large-enough inrush current can cause circuit breakers and fuses to trip. It can also damage switches, relays, and bridge rectifiers. As a result, the lower the inrush current of a PSU right as it is turned on, the better.

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The inrush current here is a bit higher than average.

10-110% Load Tests

These tests reveal the PSU’s load regulation and efficiency levels under high ambient temperatures. They also show how the fan speed profile behaves under increased operating temperatures.

Test #12V5V3.3V5VSBDC/AC (Watts)EfficiencyFan Speed (RPM)PSU Noise (dB[A])Temps (In/Out)PF/AC Volts
13.590A1.998A1.990A0.987A64.97283.988%162824.640.14°C0.957
12.079V5.006V3.319V5.068V77.35943.02°C115.12V
28.166A2.999A2.984A1.188A129.46988.351%163524.640.82°C0.980
12.070V5.004V3.317V5.051V146.53944.26°C115.12V
313.143A3.499A3.469A1.390A194.55189.654%187929.541.28°C0.989
12.063V5.003V3.316V5.035V217.00145.63°C115.12V
418.129A4.002A3.984A1.594A259.77789.811%271540.941.73°C0.994
12.056V5.001V3.313V5.019V289.25047.21°C115.12V
522.788A5.006A4.985A1.800A325.06789.553%316944.442.19°C0.997
12.048V4.997V3.310V5.001V362.98948.27°C115.12V
627.396A6.013A5.990A2.007A389.61488.960%348848.542.49°C0.998
12.038V4.992V3.306V4.983V437.96649.52°C115.12V
732.064A7.021A6.998A2.216A454.91388.449%349848.643.53°C0.998
12.032V4.987V3.301V4.966V514.32550.97°C115.12V
836.746A8.034A8.008A2.427A520.22587.739%349548.643.62°C0.998
12.023V4.981V3.297V4.948V592.92451.63°C115.11V
941.843A8.541A8.497A2.432A585.14086.967%348648.544.43°C0.998
12.012V4.978V3.295V4.937V672.82952.88°C115.11V
1046.872A9.050A9.021A2.541A649.88086.033%348048.545.36°C0.998
12.004V4.975V3.292V4.922V755.38154.54°C115.11V
1152.341A9.053A9.025A2.547A714.69384.986%348048.546.54°C0.998
11.988V4.973V3.291V4.911V840.95356.42°C115.10V
CL10.150A14.004A14.001A0.000A116.91481.620%330445.642.52°C0.980
12.076V4.953V3.267V5.073V143.24148.40°C115.13V
CL254.020A1.004A1.002A1.000A661.46886.680%348448.545.52°C0.998
11.998V5.005V3.316V4.988V763.11954.87°C115.11V

Under high temperatures and with 50% of the unit's max-rated-output and above loads, the fan is annoyingly loud. FSP's engineers were conservative, so they opted for an aggressive fan profile, to increase reliability.

20-80W Load Tests

In the following tests, we measure the PSU's efficiency at loads significantly lower than 10% of its maximum capacity (the lowest load the 80 PLUS standard measures). This is important for representing when a PC is idle with power-saving features turned on.

Test #12V5V3.3V5VSBDC/AC (Watts)EfficiencyFan Speed (RPM)PSU Noise (dB[A])PF/AC Volts
11.202A0.500A0.481A0.196A19.64670.406%0<6.00.887
12.095V5.014V3.326V5.102V27.904115.12V
22.462A0.998A0.993A0.393A40.07680.841%0<6.00.926
12.091V5.014V3.325V5.092V49.574115.13V
33.654A1.499A1.475A0.591A59.55784.101%162624.60.952
12.082V5.008V3.321V5.082V70.816115.13V
44.915A1.999A1.987A0.789A79.95386.082%162724.60.961
12.075V5.006V3.319V5.073V92.880115.12V

In only two out of the four light load tests does the fan remain off. The sad part is that once the fan engages, its minimum speed is pretty high. The minimum fan speed is close to 1000 RPM, so FSP could set its starting speed at a much lower level.

Efficiency

Next, we plotted a chart showing the PSU’s efficiency at low loads, and loads from 10 to 110% of its maximum-rated capacity. The higher a PSU’s efficiency, the less energy goes wasted, leading to a reduced carbon footprint, besides lower electricity bills.

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The average efficiency number at normal loads is higher than the SDA600's, but still not high enough to effectively meet the competition. Under light loads, the situation is better.

5VSB Efficiency

Test #5VSBDC/AC (Watts)EfficiencyPF/AC Volts
10.100A0.51167.593%0.128
5.110V0.756115.11V
20.250A1.27772.392%0.240
5.105V1.764115.11V
30.550A2.80373.783%0.345
5.095V3.799115.12V
41.000A5.08173.045%0.409
5.080V6.956115.12V
51.500A7.59572.278%0.442
5.063V10.508115.12V
62.501A12.57370.127%0.476
5.028V17.929115.12V
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It is shame to see such a low-efficiency 5VSB rail in a new power supply. It makes us wonder why FSP didn't use one of the advanced 5VSB circuits the company has in its portfolio.

Power Consumption In Idle And Standby

Mode12V5V3.3V5VSBWattsPF/AC Volts
Idle12.098V5.015V3.326V5.113V6.8590.656
115.2V
Standby0.1250.023
115.2V
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Fan RPM, Delta Temperature, And Output Noise

All results are obtained between an ambient temperature of 37 to 47 degrees Celsius (98.6 to 116.6 degrees Fahrenheit).

The following results were obtained at 30 to 32 degrees Celsius (86 to 89.6 degrees Fahrenheit) ambient temperature.       

The semi-passive operation doesn't last long, once you push the minor rails hard. With up to 240W loads, the PSU's fan is within the 20-25 dB(A) zone, which is quite enough but the transition from passive to active operation could be smoother. With higher than 410W loads, the PSU's fan gets loud.

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