Overclocking Gets Smart with Turbo Boost
Intel has equipped all of its i7 processors with an overclocking feature it calls "Turbo Boost." In the Intel board’s BIOS, the functionality is called "Dynamic Speed Technology." According to Intel, this feature allows the CPU’s multiplier to be adjusted depending on the processor load, effectively allowing dynamic overclocking. The processor can detect how many cores are actually being used, and can then automatically select a pre-defined multiplier. Accordingly, there are four different multipliers for load scenarios involving one, two, three or four cores.
The feature is meant to reduce power consumption when overclocking. For example, if a single-threaded application only taxes one of the cores, the CPU does not need to overclock the other three cores as well. Thus, they can either run at their default clock speed or even at a reduced clock frequency. The same applies when two or three cores are being stressed. Consider this SpeedStep Technology in reverse. In fact, on the Intel platform, enabling Turbo mode requires that SpeedStep also be turned on!
Chris Angelini: There seem to be two issues at play in the discussion of overclocking Core i7 processors: Overspeed Protection and Turbo mode. We addressed the first idea in the preceding two pages, having determined that there is an artificial lock in place, but that it can be adjusted on Core i7 965 Extreme or bypassed altogether on any Core i7 processor paired to a motherboard with the right BIOS.
The second is Turbo mode and its effects. No wonder there’s some confusion out there, too. Both of the boards we tested seemed to implement this feature in different ways. Let’s start with ASUS’ Rampage II Extreme, the platform used to conduct the rest of our overclocking tests.
The first two images of the Core i7 965 running Cinebench’s multi-threaded test in a loop. Turbo mode is enabled on both setups—one running stock voltage and the other cranked up to 1.5V. No matter what sort of current is drawn, ASUS’ configuration always gives you one "tick" with Turbo turned on. We were never able to get more than 133 MHz out of the setting, even at idle, and there is no BIOS option to adjust the sensitivity of Turbo mode on the board. On the flip-side, ASUS can adjust multiplier settings, so there’s no reason to mess with Turbo mode at all when you can adjust upward several notches and get your overclock that way.
The bottom two images are of just one core rendering the benchmark and simply show that even when the other three cores are idle, the Rampage II Extreme doesn’t know to adjust clock speed upward given the additional thermal headroom.
These shots are taken on Intel’s platform, which exhibits drastically different behavior and must be overclocked in a completely different way. As mentioned, you cannot increase the processor multiplier on this board, even with an Extreme chip installed. You instead have to rely on the Turbo mode. In the first two images, you see Turbo disabled and a stock speed of 3.2 GHz. In the other Turbo is turned on, and all four cores are set to a 28x multiplier. We bumped the amperage and consumption ceilings up to 200 W to prevent Overspeed from kicking in—lo and behold a steady 3.7 GHz.
Just to be sure the CPU VR Current Limit Override feature was working as promised by Intel, we enabled it and dropped our limits to 50A/50W. Same thing—3.73 GHz, no problem.
Of course, for each of these configurations we took scores from the pictured Cinebench tests to ensure that CPU-Z was not, in fact, misrepresenting the clock speed. Using the Turbo mode technique to tweak our Intel board from 3.2 to 3.73 GHz, scores jumped from 4262 to 4993 x1 CPU and 18521 to 20918 x8 CPU. The ASUS board maintained the same performance level no matter how much voltage we applied, which makes sense, since its Turbo mode does not appear to be at all dynamic at this time.
Hopefully this puts to rest any confusion generated by our initial report of Intel’s Core i7 overclocking capability. Certainly, it’ll make motherboard reviews more interesting as we hash out the details of how each vendor handles the processor’s new limitations and features. As before, we’ll be active in the comments section to address any additional questions or concerns about our follow-up here. End update
New Reference Cooler for Socket 1366
Due to the new socket’s larger dimensions, Intel is including a new model of the stock cooler with its boxed processors.
At first glance, the new model looks practically identical to the Core 2 version. However, a look at the cooler’s underside reveals the differences.
The cooler’s copper core is now smaller, and the size of the cooling fins has increased; with the new design, more air reaches the socket. Despite its larger size, the new cooler weighs less: 496 grams compared to the 532 grams of its predecessor. Like all recent box coolers shipped by Intel, it features pulse width modulation (PWM) fan speed regulation.
- Size Comparison--Bigger Die, Fewer Transistors
- SSE 4.2 And The Technical Nitty-Gritty
- 8 MB L3 Cache And Hyper-Threading
- Memory Interface--Tri-Channel And DDR3-1600
- X58 Chipset With ICH10
- UPDATED: Overclocking--Overspeed Protection, Explained
- UPDATED: Overclocking Up To 3.80 GHz
- UPDATED: Extreme Edition Gets Unlocked Turbo Boost
- Platform Power Consumption--Higher Than Core 2
- Analysis--Core i7 16% Faster Than Core 2
- Analysis--Hyper-Threading Yields 6% Speed-Up
- Analysis--Triple-Channel Memory Does Not Impact Performance
- Test Bed Systems And Drivers
- Benchmarks And Settings
- The Hardware
- Benchmarks--Sandra CPU
- Benchmarks--Sandra Multimedia
- Benchmarks--Sandra Memory
- Benchmarks--Everest Memory
- Benchmarks--Everest Memory
- Benchmarks--PCMark Vantage
- Benchmarks--PCMark And 3DMark Vantage
- Benchmarks--3DMark Vantage
- Benchmarks--Crysis And UT3
- Benchmarks--World In Conflict And Supreme Commander
- Benchmarks--AVG And WinRAR
- Benchmarks--Winzip 11 And Acrobat 9 Pro
- Benchmarks--Photoshop And iTunes
- Benchmarks--Lame And Studio 12
- Benchmarks--Divx And Xvid
- Benchmarks--MainConcept And Premiere
- Benchmarks--Blu-ray And Cinema4D
- Benchmarks--3DStudio Max 9 And Fritz 12
- Benchmarks--Nero 8
- Models And Pricing
- Conclusion--Screaming Fast With Overclocking "Protection"