Page 1:Corsair RM650x Power Supply Review
Page 2:Packaging, Contents, Exterior, And Cabling
Page 3:A Look Inside And Component Analysis
Page 4:Load Regulation, Hold-Up Time And Inrush Current And Protections
Page 5:Efficiency, Temperature And Noise
Page 6:Evaluating Protection Features
Page 7:Cross-Load Tests And Infrared Images
Page 8:Transient Response Tests
Page 9:Ripple Measurements
Page 10:Performance, Performance Per Dollar, Noise And Efficiency Ratings
Page 11:Pros, Cons And Final Verdict
Transient Response Tests
Advanced Transient Response Tests
For details on our transient response testing, please click here.
Ιn these tests, we monitor the PSU's response in two different scenarios. First, a transient load (10A at +12V, 5A at 5V, 5A at 3.3V and 0.5A at 5VSB) is applied for 200 ms while the PSU works at 20 percent load. In the second scenario, the PSU is hit by the same transient load while operating at 50 percent load. In both tests, we use our oscilloscope to measure the voltage drops caused by the transient load. The voltages should remain within the ATX specification's regulation limits.
These tests are crucial because they simulate the transient loads a PSU is likely to handle (such as booting a RAID array or an instant 100 percent load of CPU/GPUs). We call these tests "Advanced Transient Response Tests," and they are designed to be very tough to master, especially for a PSU with a capacity of less than 500W.
Advanced Transient Response at 20 Percent
Advanced Transient Response at 50 Percent
The +12V rail performs amazingly in these tests. Even the 3.3V rail, which usually exceeds 3% deviation, stayed close to 2% in this case. Corsair's platform is great here, and with slightly tighter +12V load regulation it could give the competition serious headaches (not that it hasn't already).
Here are the oscilloscope screenshots we took during Advanced Transient Response Testing:
Transient Response At 20 Percent Load
Transient Response At 50 Percent Load
Turn-On Transient Tests
In the next set of tests, we measured the response of the PSU in simpler transient load scenarios—during the PSU's power-on phase.
For the first measurement, we turned off the PSU, dialed in the maximum current the 5VSB could output and switched on the PSU. In the second test, we dialed the maximum load the +12V could handle and started the PSU while it was in standby mode. In the last test, while the PSU was completely switched off (we cut the power or switched the PSU off by flipping its on/off switch), we dialed the maximum load the +12V rail could handle before switching the PSU on from the loader and restoring power. The ATX specification states that recorded spikes on all rails should not exceed 10 percent of their nominal values (+10 percent for 12V is 13.2V, and 5.5V for 5V).
There are no spikes or voltage overshoots here. With a slightly smoother slope in the last test, the result would be perfect.
- Corsair RM650x Power Supply Review
- Packaging, Contents, Exterior, And Cabling
- A Look Inside And Component Analysis
- Load Regulation, Hold-Up Time And Inrush Current And Protections
- Efficiency, Temperature And Noise
- Evaluating Protection Features
- Cross-Load Tests And Infrared Images
- Transient Response Tests
- Ripple Measurements
- Performance, Performance Per Dollar, Noise And Efficiency Ratings
- Pros, Cons And Final Verdict