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Thermaltake Toughpower Grand RGB 850W Platinum Power Supply Review

The Toughpower Grand RGB 850W achieves high performance and has lots of RGB lighting modes, to choose from.

(Image: © Thermaltake)

To learn more about our PSU tests and methodology, please check out How We Test Power Supply Units. 

Primary Rails And 5VSB Load Regulation

The following charts show the main rails' voltage values recorded between a range of 40W up to the PSU's maximum specified load, along with the deviation (in percent). Tight regulation is an important consideration every time we review a power supply because it facilitates constant voltage levels despite varying loads. Tight load regulation also, among other factors, improves the system’s stability, especially under overclocked conditions and, at the same time, it applies less stress to the DC-DC converters that many system components utilize.

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(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Results 1-8: Load Regulation

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The load regulation is tight on all rails. 

Hold-Up Time

Put simply; hold-up time is the amount of time that the system can continue to run without shutting down or rebooting during a power interruption.

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Results 9-12: Hold-Up Time

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The hold-up time is longer than 17ms, while the power-ok signal is accurate. 

Inrush Current

Inrush current, or switch-on surge, refers to the maximum, instantaneous input current drawn by an electrical device when it is first turned on. A large enough inrush current can cause circuit breakers and fuses to trip. It can also damage switches, relays, and bridge rectifiers. As a result, the lower the inrush current of a PSU right as it is turned on, the better.

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Results 13-14: Inrush Current

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The inrush current is low, with both voltage inputs. 

10-110% Load Tests

These tests reveal the TPG-0850F1FAP's load regulation and efficiency levels under high ambient temperatures. They also show how the fan speed profile behaves under increased operating temperatures.

Test #12V5V3.3V5VSBDC/AC (Watts)EfficiencyFan Speed (RPM)PSU Noise (dB[A])Temps (In/Out)PF/AC Volts
15.275A1.980A1.972A0.992A84.97187.683%0<6.0 45.25°C0.971
12.038V5.053V3.279V5.040V96.907 40.07°C115.15V
211.518A2.974A2.973A1.192A169.46491.016%0<6.0 46.22°C0.991
12.038V5.049V3.294V5.035V186.191 40.21°C115.15V
318.169A3.472A3.475A1.393A254.61592.107%0<6.0 47.29°C0.995
12.031V5.045V3.310V5.028V276.433 41.01°C115.15V
424.815A3.969A3.990A1.593A339.83491.741%139239.0 41.98°C0.997
12.034V5.041V3.309V5.022V370.429 48.86°C115.15V
531.138A4.966A4.976A1.794A425.12491.926%79221.7 42.01°C0.997
12.033V5.038V3.300V5.017V462.461 49.49°C115.17V
637.403A5.957A5.987A1.996A509.64091.669%83623.5 42.26°C0.997
12.027V5.035V3.307V5.011V555.954 50.29°C115.17V
743.719A6.961A7.009A2.199A594.97190.952%138838.8 43.28°C0.997
12.028V5.030V3.296V5.004V654.157 51.78°C115.16V
850.038A7.960A8.016A2.401A680.32190.178%139439.2 43.89°C0.998
12.029V5.026V3.294V4.999V754.420 52.78°C115.17V
956.785A8.463A8.507A2.402A765.24389.699%139639.2 44.54°C0.998
12.023V5.023V3.292V4.997V853.127 53.89°C115.19V
1063.293A8.968A9.028A3.011A850.05689.166%140139.2 45.57°C0.998
12.013V5.019V3.290V4.983V953.337 55.88°C115.18V
1170.417A8.976A9.032A3.013A934.87188.669%140339.3 46.63°C0.998
12.002V5.016V3.288V4.980V1054.334 57.74°C115.19V
CL10.157A12.001A12.002A0.000A102.11283.317%1374 38.5 41.84°C0.831
12.031V5.043V3.308V5.061V122.558 49.73°C115.19V
CL270.841A1.004A1.000A1.000A865.07389.591%1401 39.2 45.28°C0.998
12.023V5.025V3.294V5.014V965.580 55.39°C115.18V

With 40% load the fan spins at high speeds, to remove the excess heat from the internals, while with 50% load it drops to much lower speeds. This is not an optimal fan speed profile and we would highly prefer the fan to engage sooner, rather than latter and at such high speeds. 

Thanks to the digitally controlled PFC the PF readings are high, even at lower loads. Moreover, the PSU meets the 80 PLUS Platinum requirements with 20% and 100% load levels, and it is very close with 50%. Under lower operating temperatures you should expect even higher efficiency levels. 

20-80W Load Tests

In the following tests, we measure the TPG-0850F1FAP's efficiency at loads significantly lower than 10% of its maximum capacity (the lowest load the 80 PLUS standard measures). This is important for representing when a PC is idle with power-saving features turned on.

Test #12V5V3.3V5VSBDC/AC (Watts)EfficiencyFan Speed (RPM)PSU Noise (dB[A])PF/AC Volts
11.202A0.495A0.483A0.198A19.59268.289%0<6.00.720
12.053V5.058V3.312V5.056V28.690115.15V
22.463A0.989A0.996A0.396A39.98979.457%0<6.00.789
12.054V5.056V3.312V5.053V50.328115.15V
33.674A1.484A1.449A0.594A59.52084.671%0<6.00.813
12.039V5.055V3.304V5.049V70.296115.16V
44.953A1.980A1.912A0.793A79.91686.895%0<6.00.827
12.039V5.053V3.285V5.044V91.968115.17V

The fan doesn't engage at all, at light loads. It would be nice to see higher than 70% efficiency with 20W load, and over 80% with 40W. 

2% or 10W Load Test

Intel plans on raising the ante at efficiency levels under ultra-light loads. So from July 2020, the ATX spec will require 70% and higher efficiency with 115V input. The applied load is only 10W for PSUs with 500W and lower capacities, while for stronger units we dial 2% of their max-rated-capacity.

Test #12V5V3.3V5VSBDC/AC (Watts)EfficiencyFan Speed (RPM)PSU Noise (dB[A])PF/AC Volts
11.202A0.495A0.483A0.198A19.59268.289%0<6.00.720
12.053V5.058V3.312V5.056V28.690115.15V
22.463A0.989A0.996A0.396A39.98979.457%0<6.00.789
12.054V5.056V3.312V5.053V50.328115.15V
33.674A1.484A1.449A0.594A59.52084.671%0<6.00.813
12.039V5.055V3.304V5.049V70.296115.16V
44.953A1.980A1.912A0.793A79.91686.895%0<6.00.827
12.039V5.053V3.285V5.044V91.968115.17V

With 2%, of the PSU's max-rated-capacity we measure well over 60% efficiency. Still the ATX spec will require for more than 70%, from July 2020. 

Efficiency

Next, we plotted a chart showing the TPG-0850F1FAP’s efficiency at low loads, and loads from 10 to 110% of its maximum rated capacity. The higher a PSU’s efficiency, the less energy goes wasted, leading to a reduced carbon footprint and lower electricity bills.

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Results 15-18: Efficiency

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The unit fares well against the similar spec competition, in all load levels (super light, light and normal). 

5VSB Efficiency

Test #5VSBDC/AC (Watts)EfficiencyPF/AC Volts
10.100A0.50275.831%0.053
5.016V0.662115.16V
20.250A1.25477.743%0.124
5.013V1.613115.16V
30.550A2.75578.356%0.238
5.008V3.516115.16V
41.000A5.00077.375%0.349
4.999V6.462115.16V
51.500A7.48677.319%0.415
4.989V9.682115.16V
63.001A14.88076.899%0.492
4.959V19.350115.16V
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Results 19-20: 5VSB Efficiency

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We have seen better 5VSB circuits from CWT. This is a high-end platform, so we expected one of CWT's "good" 5VSB regulator circuits to be utilized. 

Power Consumption In Idle And Standby

Mode12V5V3.3V5VSBWattsPF/AC Volts
Idle12.072V5.060V3.312V5.061V8.3660.429
115.2V
Standby0.0380.003
115.2V
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Results 21-22: Vampire Power

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The vampire power levels stay low, with both 115V and 230V input. 

Fan RPM, Delta Temperature, And Output Noise

All results are obtained between an ambient temperature of 37 to 47 degrees Celsius (98.6 to 116.6 degrees Fahrenheit).

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

The fan speed profile registers a peak with a 340W load, at 42 degrees Celsius, and it drops at lower speeds with up to 510W load. With higher loads and with the ambient temperature exceeding 43 degrees Celsius, the fan spins at full speed, with the noise output being close to 40 dB(A).

The following results were obtained at 30 to 32 degrees Celsius (86 to 89.6 degrees Fahrenheit) ambient temperature.       

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

(Image credit: Future)

The fan speed profile is not optimal, even at normal operating temperatures. There is no need for the fan to spin at full speed, right after the end of its passive mode. It is way better for the passive mode to last less time and engage the fan at lower speeds afterward.

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