Page 1:TPG-0850D-R Power Supply Review
Page 2:Packaging, Contents, Exterior, And Cabling
Page 3:A Look Inside And Component Analysis
Page 4:Load Regulation, Hold-Up Time, And Inrush Current
Page 5:Efficiency, Temperature, And Noise
Page 6:Protection Features, Evaluated
Page 7:Cross-Load Tests And Infrared Images
Page 8:Transient Response Tests
Page 9:Ripple Measurements
Page 10:Performance, Performance Per Dollar, Noise, And Efficiency Ratings
Page 11:Pros, Cons, And Final Verdict
Efficiency, Temperature, And Noise
Our efficiency testing procedure is detailed here.
Using the results from the previous page, we plotted a chart showing the TPG-0850D-R's efficiency at low loads, and loads from 10 to 110 percent of its maximum-rated capacity.
The TPG-0850D-R only appears in second-to-last place with normal loads. Under light loads, its performance is significantly better. We can point our finger at the CSH LED platform's efficiency, given the competition Thermaltake faces in this price range.
Efficiency At Low Loads
In the following tests, we measure the TPG-0850D-R's efficiency at loads significantly lower than 10 percent of its maximum capacity (the lowest load the 80 PLUS standard measures). The loads we dialed were 20, 40, 60 and 80W. This is important for representing when a PC is idle with power-saving features turned on.
|Test #||12V||5V||3.3V||5VSB||DC/AC (Watts)||Efficiency||Fan Speed||Fan Noise||PF/AC Volts|
|1||1.202A||0.491A||0.476A||0.195A||19.65||69.19%||0 RPM||0 dB(A)||0.866|
|2||2.430A||0.979A||0.985A||0.396A||39.71||79.12%||0 RPM||0 dB(A)||0.932|
|3||3.665A||1.476A||1.496A||5.036A||59.87||85.20%||0 RPM||0 dB(A)||0.964|
|4||4.887A||1.984A||1.978A||0.795A||79.80||86.41%||0 RPM||0 dB(A)||0.973|
Efficiency isn't as high as we'd expect from an expensive Gold-rated unit under light loads. With 20W, we don't want to see below 70% readings, while at 40W it'd be nice to see measurements above 80%.
You'll find screenshots of the DPSApp software below, which we took under light loads.
Efficiency readings are way off, while the wattage numbers are close to correct for once.
The ATX specification states that 5VSB standby supply efficiency should be as high as possible, recommending 50 percent or higher efficiency with 100mA of load, 60 percent or higher with 250mA of load, and 70 percent or higher with 1A or more of load.
We take four measurements: one each at 100, 250 and 1000mA, and one with the full load the 5VSB rail can handle.
|Test #||5VSB||DC/AC (Watts)||Efficiency||PF/AC Volts|
Contrary to the unit's overall average efficiency, the 5VSB circuit fares better.
Power Consumption In Idle And Standby
In the table below, you'll find the power consumption and voltage values of all rails (except -12V) when the PSU is idle (powered on, but without any load on its rails), and the power consumption when the PSU is in standby mode (without any load, at 5VSB).
Limited vampire power is to thank for the increased efficiency at 5VSB, especially under light loads.
Fan RPM, Delta Temperature, And Output Noise
Our mixed noise testing is described in detail here.
The first chart below illustrates the cooling fan's speed (in RPM), and the delta between input and output temperature. The results were obtained at 37°C (98.6°F) to 48°C (118.4°F) ambient temperature.
The next chart shows the cooling fan's speed (again, in RPM) and output noise. We measured acoustics from one meter away, inside a small, custom-made anechoic chamber with internals completely covered in sound-proofing material (be quiet! Noise Absorber kit). Background noise inside the chamber was below 18 dB(A) during testing, and the results were obtained with the PSU operating at 37°C (98.6°F) to 48°C (118.4°F) ambient temperature.
The following graphs illustrate the fan's output noise and speed over the PSU's operating range. The same conditions of the above graph apply to our measurements, though the ambient temperature was between at 28°C (82.4°F) to 30°C (86°F).
The PSU's fan is dead silent with 500 to 550W loads. It starts to spin at higher loads, but remains quiet until the load hits 800W. In general, this is a very quiet PSU that will satisfy enthusiasts who dislike noisy components.
As you can see from the graph above, the fan's speed doesn't exceed 1200 RPM, even in the worst-case scenario. Up to 650W load, the fan stays below 800 RPM.
- TPG-0850D-R Power Supply Review
- Packaging, Contents, Exterior, And Cabling
- A Look Inside And Component Analysis
- Load Regulation, Hold-Up Time, And Inrush Current
- Efficiency, Temperature, And Noise
- Protection Features, Evaluated
- Cross-Load Tests And Infrared Images
- Transient Response Tests
- Ripple Measurements
- Performance, Performance Per Dollar, Noise, And Efficiency Ratings
- Pros, Cons, And Final Verdict