We divided our performance testing into two sections. On this page, we use a single drive in a desktop system to measure baseline performance. NAS-focused disk drives have become very popular in desktop systems as secondary drives. The increased vibration resistance improves the performance consistency in systems with several fans and other cooling components, like liquid pumps. Vibration will slow all hard disk drives, even those we're testing today, but the additional sensors and firmware optimizations help ensure the best performance.
All of the drives in our tests are built for NAS environments. IronWolf's direct competition comes from Western Digital's Red product line, and we included two largest Red drives in our tests. The Red series products all have a 5,400-RPM spindle speed.
The rest of the drives have faster 7,200-RPM spindle speeds. The 6TB HGST Deskstar NAS and 6TB WD Red Pro are two older models, while the 8TB Toshiba N300 recently came to market.
Sequential Read Performance
On paper, the 12TB and 10TB Seagate IronWolf's share the same 210 MB/s sequential performance rating with the 10TB WD Red. The 8TB Red has a lower 178 MB/s rating. The two Seagate drives deliver more than the claimed 210 MB/s during our sequential read test; we measured up to 258 MB/s of throughput. The IronWolf drives also deliver higher performance on the slower inner tracks. The performance gap between the drives shrinks when the drives encounter those slower tracks.
Sequential Write Performance
IronWolf's sequential advantage carries over to the write test. We measured a peak of 252 MB/s with the 12TB model. The 10TB model wasn't far behind with 244 MB/s. The 10TB Red trails with 220 MB/s.
Random Read Performance
HDD vendors have increased random performance over the last two years with larger DRAM caches and advanced technologies that store data on the fastest area of the platters for a short time. The drive later migrates the data to other areas of the disk for long-term storage.
At low queue depths, the 12TB IronWolf only has a small advantage over the other products, but the gap increases as we ramp up the queue depth. Even during heavy use, you will not reach QD32 often. But you will reach higher queue depths more frequently with an HDD than you will with an SSD.
Random Write Performance
The 12TB IronWolf distances itself from the 10TB model in the random write test even though both have a 256MB DRAM cache. Like the sequential tests, random write performance doesn't scale as we increase queue depth.
80% Mixed Sequential Workload
The IronWolf's leading sequential write throughput doesn't carry over to the mixed workload test. This is disappointing because most of the data you'll store on these drives comes in the form of large files. It's important to be able to read and write data simultaneously without losing performance. You'll encounter those situations more often if you share a NAS with your family or use one in an office environment.
80% Mixed Random Workload
The 12TB IronWolf fares better in the mixed random test. It joins the two largest Red HDDs (10TB and 8TB). The two WD drives have slower spindle speeds but manage to beat the 10TB IronWolf in this workload. That's a surprising outcome. Low performance in the mixed random test often carries over to the application tests.
Sustained Mixed Sequential Workload
This test measures performance in eleven different sequential mixtures. Given the large sequential read and write advantage, we expect the 12TB IronWolf to dominate in the middle where the mixture is evenly split. The results are much closer than we expected.
The Western Digital Reds (10TB and 8TB) deliver dominating bandwidth and performance consistency during the sustained random write workload.
PCMark 8 Real-World Software Performance
For details on our real-world software performance testing, please click here.
The IronWolf HDDs distance themselves from the other products. We did have an odd outlier with the 12TB model in the Excel test. We ran the full test suite three times and recorded the same offbeat result every time. This is most likely a corner case in the firmware of our early product sample.
Application Storage Bandwidth
The Seagate drives stand out from the others we tested today. The Seagate 12TB and 8TB IronWolf are very good choices if you want to use a small SSD for a boot volume and install application software on a secondary drive.
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