Undervolting AMD's Radeon R9 Fury For Better Efficiency

AMD's Radeon R9 Fury has been called everything from a hot plate to a space heater. This doesn't have to be the case, though. We massively improved the card's efficiency by undervolting it.

Sapphire recently sent us a sample of its Nitro-branded Radeon R9 Fury card, and the timing couldn't be better. A few weeks ago, AMD opened the door to voltage adjustments on these cards, which prompted us to exploit the feature in a way you probably wouldn't expect. Our analysis won't focus on overclocking. After all, the card is already pushing its limits. We'll instead try to get it to a more sensible place.

Undervolting With MSI Afterburner

MSI's Afterburner tool, which is still based on Riva Tuner, now allows enthusiasts to adjust the voltage up or down on a number of AMD graphics cards that couldn't be tweaked previously. How many millivolts can be pared back before the card becomes unstable? How does that impact performance? How much power consumption can we shave off in the process?

What we're doing is often called undervolting. However, we generally prefer the more exact description, since voltage isn't actually changed; instead, the firmware is given an offset. This doesn't result in a fixed voltage adjustment, but rather a modification of how the telemetry regulates the voltage supply.

To this end, we're comparing our Sapphire Radeon R9 Fury Nitro to MSI's GTX 980 Gaming 4G. The two graphics cards offer very similar performance. Before we started our experiment, we downloaded and installed the current version of MSI Afterburner, which looks like this:

The first slider is what we're looking for—it adjusts the voltage offset. Don't be surprised if the number changes once you enter it. The figure needs to be a multiple of six. This means -100mV isn't possible so you're stuck with -96mV (-6mV x 16).

Note: Every GPU is unique. This means that the lowest number at which a processor still functions without errors can be different from one to the next. What's more, errors don't always become apparent immediately. All of a graphics card's features need to be used for a prolonged period of time to determine if the configuration is stable.

Cards made during AMD's early production cycle are particularly prone to display problems after undervolting. These GPUs were only made into Furies by a somewhat adventurous unlocking process. The newer ones are a lot easier to undervolt. However, even with these, your mileage will vary.

Our review sample managed -96mV stably enough, other than an occasional drop under extreme load. Values from -48mV to -72mV should be possible for any newer GPU. However, older cards, which we tried with the help of forum members, couldn't achieve the same low numbers. These graphics cards were almost exclusively bought right after the launch, and could have been unlocked.


When we compare the different voltage targets to MSI's GTX 980 Gaming 4G, for instance, in a Metro: Last Light loop running at 4K, then the value of our endeavor is plain to see. The Sapphire Radeon R9 Fury X Nitro's power consumption plummets from 279W all the way down to a much more moderate 213W. Of course, that only works when your GPU is willing to cooperate at such a low voltage.

If you're aggravated and want to see the same gains from Nvidia's GPU, get ready for disappointment. Lowering the GPU's voltage just isn't in the cards because it's achieved by decreasing the internal power target. Since GPU Boost is a very fragile system, every little drop has a negative impact on clock rate. In turn, this results in a massive performance hit. It's not something to complain about, per se. Nvidia simply has its mechanism optimally balanced, so there's practically no room for improvement. Consequently, MSI Afterburner doesn't even offer the option to lower the voltage. It can only be increased.

Power Consumption With Different Games

We're using our usual graphics test system, per the following table:


Test Method
Contact-free DC Measurement at PCIe Slot (Using a Riser Card)
Contact-free DC Measurement at External Auxiliary Power Supply Cable
Direct Voltage Measurement at Power Supply
Real-Time Infrared Monitoring and Recording

Test Equipment
2 x Rohde & Schwarz HMO 3054, 500 MHz Digital Multi-Channel Oscilloscope with Storage Function
4 x Rohde & Schwarz HZO50 Current Probe (1 mA - 30 A, 100 kHz, DC)
4 x Rohde & Schwarz HZ355 (10:1 Probes, 500 MHz)
1 x Rohde & Schwarz HMC 8012 Digital Multimeter with Storage Function
1 x Optris PI650 80Hz Infrared Camera + PI Connect

Test System
Intel Core i7-5930K @ 4.2GHz, Water-Cooled
Crucial Ballistix Sport, 4x 4GB DDR4-2400
MSI X99S XPower AC
1x Crucial MX200, 500GB SSD (System)
1x Corsair Force LS 960GB SSD (Applications, Data)
Be Quiet! Dark Power Pro, 850W Power Supply Unit
Windows 10 Pro (All Updates)
Water Cooler
Alphacool VPP655 Pump (Lowered Speed)
Alphacool NexXxos CPU Cooler
Phobya Balancer
Alphacool 24cm Radiator
2x 12cm Noiseblocker eLoop Fan @ 400 RPM
Drivers
AMD: Crimson Edition 16.1
Nvidia: ForceWare 361.43 WHQL

Since the curve in the graph above already shows power consumption at different levels, we're limiting the following results to just those for the -96mV maximum offset, the -48mV medium offset, the stock value and the Nvidia card's stock value. We measured all of this using a total of nine games with very unique performance requirements.

Gaming Performance


A comparison of the two competing graphics cards shows that their 4K performance is similar. Sapphire's Radeon R9 Fury Nitro does edge out Nvidia's offering, but the differences are marginal except for The Witcher 3Shadow of Mordor and Thief.

Efficiency With Watt Per FPS


AMD's GPU can be almost as efficient as Nvidia's when the company isn't flogging it. Fiji even edges out GM204 in a couple of games, namely The Witcher 3 and Thief. This result is more than acceptable. No more hot plate!

Nvidia's GeForce GTX 980 beats AMD's Radeon R9 Fury at Full HD. However, the enthusiasts buying either graphics card are bound to use it for higher resolutions than that, either due to a monitor with a higher native resolution or downsampling. Since AMD's GPU starts pulling ahead at QHD and WGHD, our measurements should be representative of real-world results. The only exceptions would be games lacking good driver optimization.

Lowering the voltage using a suitable tool is something to most definitely take into consideration. The fact that AMD tends to set extremely high voltage targets for its graphics cards' GPUs can almost be considered standard at this point. Its strategy does maximize the number of GPUs that can be used, especially at the beginning of its production cycle, thereby increasing yield. However, as nice as that might be for AMD's bottom line, it does hurt the company's image with customers since they're the ones measuring higher power numbers and coping with more heat.

On the next page, we'll take a closer look at undervolting and its consequences. This analysis yields some interesting results. We strongly recommend reading this part to achieve a better understanding of and appreciation for the results, even though we've already gone over them at a high level. Believe us, it's worth the read.

MORE: Best Graphics Cards For The Money
MORE: All Graphics Content
MORE: Graphics Cards in the Forum

Create a new thread in the Reviews comments forum about this subject
This thread is closed for comments
39 comments
    Your comment
    Top Comments
  • TechyInAZ
    That's pretty awsome! I've always wondered how well an undervolted R9 would do. 200W (almost) is pretty amazing for that specific card.

    I hope GPU vendors start getting smart (no pun intended) by making specfic models that automatically come with an undervolted GPU, but these GPUs would cost more since the vendors would have to take their best GPUs from production, test them, and then undervolt them. Similar to how EVGA picks out their GPUs with higher ASIC quality...but in this situation, it would be for power efficiency, not overclocking.
    11
  • Other Comments
  • CaptainTom
    Can we get rid of these garbage graphs?!

    Please just show bar graphs or more normalized line graphs that compare multiple cards' power usage. I don't need to see the raw data guys.
    -3
  • TechyInAZ
    That's pretty awsome! I've always wondered how well an undervolted R9 would do. 200W (almost) is pretty amazing for that specific card.

    I hope GPU vendors start getting smart (no pun intended) by making specfic models that automatically come with an undervolted GPU, but these GPUs would cost more since the vendors would have to take their best GPUs from production, test them, and then undervolt them. Similar to how EVGA picks out their GPUs with higher ASIC quality...but in this situation, it would be for power efficiency, not overclocking.
    11
  • Math Geek
    what other cards can take advantage of this? you state some others can but don't share which ones :)

    just wondering if any of the cards i have could benefit from this.
    4
  • jkhoward
    It appears that AMD doesn't spend nearly as much time on their testing to dial in a perfect voltage like NVIDIA does. Which I'm not to surprised about considering the money NVIDA has in comparison to AMD. Great find!
    9
  • jimmysmitty
    Anonymous said:
    It appears that AMD doesn't spend nearly as much time on their testing to dial in a perfect voltage like NVIDIA does. Which I'm not to surprised about considering the money NVIDA has in comparison to AMD. Great find!


    nVidia can afford to lose a few chips by binning. AMD cannot, they need to be able to sell all of the chips they can.

    That said, nVidia probably does spend more time optimizing their uArch since all they handle is GPUs.

    Interesting to see but it tells me that AMDs Radeon group needs to start kicking it up a notch to become more competitive. Power isn't the end all but it is pretty big when you have to consider the amount of extra heat your case now has to clear out.
    5
  • Eggz
    CORRECTION:

    The graph labeled "Gaming - Performance - UHD" may have incorrectly labeled the the graphics cards as "Sapphire Radeon R9 Fury Nitro" and "Sapphire's Radeon R9 Fury Nitro -48 mV." These are both AMD cards.

    But the paragraph under that graph mentions that "Sapphire's Radeon R9 Fury Nitro does edge out Nvidia's offering," as if the graph meant to compare an AMD and an Nvidia card - not two AMD cards.

    I think the label is wrong on the graph because the bars in the graph are red and green, suggesting an AMD-Nvidia comparison.
    4
  • mlga91
    Pretty cool article, its really impresive to see that card shaving almost 80W in consumption, but the fan curve didn't help much with the temps, why don you set the fan at a constant speed while doing the tests? That way will give you a better undestanding of how much the temp can decrease.
    0
  • FormatC
    The fan is controlled by the arbitrator and it was important to show, how this Power Tune construction works. The temps are in both cases ok, but the goal was a quieter, not a cooler card. Nobody will decrease the temps if they are acceptable, but the fan noise is killing the customers (and me) ;)

    @Eggz:
    This is a translation and the original text was a little bit different. Ok, It might be better to use other colors, you are right, but it was understandable here.

    BTW:
    Something was going wrong with this CMS system. I get another (empty) thread for this review:
    http://www.tomshardware.co.uk/forum/id-2965949/undervolting-amd-radeon-fury-efficiency.html

    Anonymous said:
    what other cards can take advantage of this? you state some others can but don't share which ones :)
    just wondering if any of the cards i have could benefit from this.


    I've tried also a MSI R9 390X Gaming 8GB. I got -100mV and 48 Watts less. The cheaper R9 380X can't be undervolted, because the VR chips are not adjustable. The voltage is mostly pin-coded and you need the specs to make a hard mod.
    4
  • jacklongley
    To summarize the article: if you want better efficiency, buy Nvidia instead.
    -8
  • Ck1v1
    I did this with my R9 Nano, and set a fan curve in afterburner to where the fan spins 100% speed at 80c and 50% at 60c, and 20% at 20c.

    i undervolted the card and with the fan spinning a bit higher, i was able to get a 15c lower temp and get higher score in 3dmark because of no throttling.
    7
  • Eggz
    Anonymous said:
    @Eggz:
    This is a translation and the original text was a little bit different. Ok, It might be better to use other colors, you are right, but it was understandable here.


    Thanks for replying. Was it meant to be an AMD-AMD comparison or an AMD-Nvidia comparison?
    0
  • Myrmidonas
    This is an amazing and very interesting review. I love it and I hope more like this come in the future. However i missed the point where it "sais" :

    ".......The fact that AMD tends to set extremely high voltage targets for its graphics cards' GPUs can almost be considered standard at this point. Its strategy does maximize the number of GPUs that can be used, especially at the beginning of its production cycle, thereby increasing yield......"

    Can someone elaborate please? Thank you in advance.
    0
  • Eggz
    Anonymous said:
    This is an amazing and very interesting review. I love it and I hope more like this come in the future. However i missed the point where it "sais" :

    ".......The fact that AMD tends to set extremely high voltage targets for its graphics cards' GPUs can almost be considered standard at this point. Its strategy does maximize the number of GPUs that can be used, especially at the beginning of its production cycle, thereby increasing yield......"

    Can someone elaborate please? Thank you in advance.


    Someone else please correct me if I'm wrong, but I think the quoted language means to get at this: When a high voltage is applied to all cards, more cards will break, and people will need to buy new cards. If not, I think the major point is that (based on whatever motivation), AMD will sell more cards if it sets voltages high. The part about "especially at the beginning of its production cycle" could be a reference to the fact that AMD didn't originally allow voltages to be adjusted. From then until now, people who bought early faced a higher chance of their card dying from the voltage being too high. . . . This is based on interpretation and background knowledge, so it's just my best attempt to unpack the language you quoted. I'm open to other possible interpretations if there are any.
    -3
  • jlake3
    Quote:
    This is an amazing and very interesting review. I love it and I hope more like this come in the future. However i missed the point where it "sais" :

    ".......The fact that AMD tends to set extremely high voltage targets for its graphics cards' GPUs can almost be considered standard at this point. Its strategy does maximize the number of GPUs that can be used, especially at the beginning of its production cycle, thereby increasing yield......"

    Can someone elaborate please? Thank you in advance.


    The minimum amount of voltage a chip needs to remain stable at a given speed varies from chip to chip due to tiny variations within the manufacturing process. A high target increases the amount of imperfections that a chip can have and still be stable (and thus can be sold) at the reference speed and voltage, at the cost of higher power draw and heat for the whole line.
    5
  • Cryio
    The Fury is faster than a 980 while using slightly more power? I see nothing wrong there. Same efficiency basically.
    4
  • Gregsvn
    I undervolted my XFX R9 390 a few days ago currently it's at -100mV 1050/1600mhz and has not crashed/shown artifacts in 3 days. I've been playing mostly Witcher 3 and CS:GO both on max settings at 2560x1080p, and the temps are amazing they dropped from high 70s to mid-low 60s which is perfect as far as i'm concerned. I had the card at 1100/1700 before and i've not noticed an fps drop in realtime gaming and the tiny coil whine my card had completely disappeared! Definitely recommend undervolting on the R9 series.
    2
  • TJ Hooker
    @Math Geek
    "what other cards can take advantage of this? you state some others can but don't share which ones :)

    just wondering if any of the cards i have could benefit from this."

    I have a MSI R9 380 4GD5T OC and undervolted by 50 mV, and it's stable at stock clocks (980/1375 core/memory). Using default fan curve, I think fans stayed about 5-10% lower than at stock voltage when running Unigine Valley. Alternatively, I tried locking the fans at 50% (point at which they become quite noticeable for me), and temps dropped 5 C.
    0
  • CrisisCauser
    I have a Fury Tri-X partially unlocked (3584->3840 shaders). I found 1066/550 to be stable overclock without overvolting (experieced instability at 1072 or 560, so I dialed it back a bit since I don't want to toe the line). Gonna try -48mv for a while, after a 50 minute Rise of the Tomb Raider test it has been stable, so now to see if it keeps long term.
    0
  • FormatC
    Anonymous said:
    Thanks for replying. Was it meant to be an AMD-AMD comparison or an AMD-Nvidia comparison?


    The charts label is wrong, it is already corrected in German version. Sorry for that, the review was written within two days ;)
    0
  • Ra_V_en
    No after reading all of this I'm starting to wonder why AMD didn't do it in the first place? Most of the current accusations towards them was "hot power hog", and now you are showing that getting close 980 in terms of performance per Watt... how the hell did they missed it? Now ok you are not holding the reference card... that might not work that well and that might be explanation, but in that case why Sapphire also missed that fact?
    2