Sharp Edges vs. Anti-Aliasing
Nvidia and AMD build their OpenGL drivers using unique strategies, each with its own pros and cons. The resulting visual differences aren’t solely a result of hardware architecture, since they also show up on boards based on the older VLIW4 and Fermi GPUs.
Meanwhile, there are hardly any differences in the way these competitors output DirectX content, aside from somewhat darker shadows on the FirePro cards.
Let’s compare two scenes from Maya that illustrate both companies' philosophies well. These pictures diverge in the same way we’re used to seeing from older titles like LightWave.
Maya 2013: Shaded
Maya 2013: Shaded + SSAO + MSAA
Regardless of whether MSAA is turned on or not, the FirePro workstation graphics cards produce sharper edges and some additional detail (z-buffer). Then again, transitions aren’t as smooth as those produced by Nvidia's Quadro cards, instead suffering from unsightly “flashes.”
Once movement is added to the scene, the flashes turn into flickering that even AMD’s MSAA technology can’t fully get rid of. Nvidia’s MSAA implementation doesn’t have this problem. However, if the camera is positioned in such a way that polygons are stacked closely together, the z-buffer loses track and smaller surfaces can get lost with Nvidia’s MSAA.
Looking at the output from NX 8.0, there are some easily-noticeable differences that you'd spot right away, depending on the output options you use. These are consistent with the observations we just made, validating our impressions so far.
NX 8.0: Shaded
NX 8.0: Shaded + Edges + AA
Aliased edges are more tolerable in the workstation space, as opposed to the realism-dependent gaming market, so long as they're the price you pay for additional detail. Creo 2 makes a good example. There are significant differences between AMD and Nvidia in some places. My preference is the FirePro's wireframe output, which is sharper than Nvidia’s smooth picture.
Consumer Graphics Cards with Gaming Drivers
Time and time again, we've shown that desktop graphics cards with their gaming-optimized drivers don’t fare well when it comes to professional tasks. They're sometimes able to skate by in the private and semi-professional sector, depending on the application (and especially if it's DirectX-based). But as soon as you start messing with complex OpenGL applications, it's over.
AMD’s Catalyst driver fails miserably twice in a row. Nvidia’s GeForce driver doesn't run into those egregious display errors. However, it slows down so much that performance simply isn't usable.
In the example below, AMD completely drops the ball in a Creo 2 scene with transparent backgrounds. Our first example shows how parts of previous frames are retained in later frames.
The second example illustrates how the wireframe display doesn’t work when it comes to hiding invisible polygons (hidden), or anti-aliasing.
At this point, we'd like to speak up in defense of more entry-level workstation graphics cards, which often look weak in benchmark charts next to the highest-end boards. Most folks won't use models as complex as the ones tested in SPECviewperf 12, using all of the high-detail settings we benchmarked. Under less taxing conditions, it's often better to use a slower pro card than to try shoehorning a gaming board into a business machine.
- Introducing Our Benchmark System
- CATIA V6 R2012
- Results: CATIA V6 R2012
- Creo 2
- Results: Creo 2
- Results: Energy
- Maya 2013
- Results: Maya 2013
- Results: Medical
- Showcase 2013
- Results: Showcase 2013
- Siemens NX 8.0
- Results: Siemens NX 8.0
- SolidWorks 2013
- Results: SolidWorks 2013
- CPU Scaling
- Image Quality And Desktop Drivers
- SPECviewperf 12: A Much-Needed And Welcome Update