Skip to main content

Thermaltake Toughpower PF1 650W Power Supply Review

Thermaltake Toughpower PF1 650W
(Image: © Tom's Hardware)

Advanced Transient Response Tests

For details about our transient response testing, please click here.

In the real world, power supplies are always working with loads that change. It's of immense importance, then, for the PSU to keep its rails within the ATX specification's defined ranges. The smaller the deviations, the more stable your PC will be with less stress applied to its components. 

We should note that the ATX spec requires capacitive loading during the transient rests, but in our methodology, we also choose to apply a worst case scenario with no additional capacitance on the rails. 

Advanced Transient Response at 20% – 20ms

VoltageBeforeAfterChangePass/Fail
12V12.103V11.620V3.99%Pass
5V5.071V4.985V1.70%Pass
3.3V3.334V3.221V3.39%Pass
5VSB5.072V5.028V0.87%Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 20% – 10ms

VoltageBeforeAfterChangePass/Fail
12V12.088V11.596V4.07%Pass
5V5.070V4.984V1.70%Pass
3.3V3.333V3.220V3.39%Pass
5VSB5.072V5.007V1.28%Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 20% – 1ms

VoltageBeforeAfterChangePass/Fail
12V12.083V11.583V4.14%Pass
5V5.069V4.976V1.83%Pass
3.3V3.333V3.215V3.54%Pass
5VSB5.072V5.006V1.30%Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 50% – 20ms

VoltageBeforeAfterChangePass/Fail
12V12.086V11.881V1.70%Pass
5V5.065V4.975V1.78%Pass
3.3V3.324V3.204V3.61%Pass
5VSB5.026V4.971V1.09%Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 50% – 10ms

VoltageBeforeAfterChangePass/Fail
12V12.080V11.894V1.54%Pass
5V5.064V4.975V1.76%Pass
3.3V3.324V3.205V3.58%Pass
5VSB5.026V4.964V1.23%Pass

Advanced Transient Response at 50% – 1ms

VoltageBeforeAfterChangePass/Fail
12V12.070V11.840V1.91%Pass
5V5.063V4.976V1.72%Pass
3.3V3.324V3.207V3.52%Pass
5VSB5.027V4.971V1.11%Pass
Image 1 of 8

Results 25-29

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Results 25-29: Transient Response

Image 2 of 8

Results 25-29

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
Image 3 of 8

Results 25-29

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
Image 4 of 8

Results 25-29

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
Image 5 of 8

Results 25-29

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
Image 6 of 8

Results 25-29

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
Image 7 of 8

Results 25-29

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
Image 8 of 8

Results 25-29

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

The PSU doesn't have a good transient response at 12V, which is the rail that will have to deal with the heaviest loads. On the other hand, the minor rails perform well here. 

Turn-On Transient Tests

In the next set of tests, we measure the PSU's response in simpler transient load scenarios—during its power-on phase. Ideally, we don't want to see any voltage overshoots or spikes since those put a lot of stress on the DC-DC converters of installed components.

Image 1 of 3

Turn On Transient

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Turn-On Transient Response Scope Shots

Image 2 of 3

Turn On Transient

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
Image 3 of 3

Turn On Transient

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

There are no notable voltage overshoots and voltage spikes during the PSU's turn-on phase. 

Power Supply Timing Tests

There are several signals generated by the power supply, which need to be within specified, by the ATX spec, ranges. If they are not, there can be compatibility issues with other system parts, especially mainboards. From year 2020, the PSU's Power-on time (T1) has to be lower than 150ms and the PWR_OK delay (T3) from 100 to 150ms, to be compatible with the Alternative Sleep Mode.

PSU Timings Table
T1 (Power-on time) & T3 (PWR_OK delay)
LoadT1T3
20%83ms297ms
100%84ms299ms

The PWR_OK delay is out of the 100-150ms region, so the PSU does not support the alternative sleep mode, which is recommended by the ATX spec.

Ripple Measurements

Ripple represents the AC fluctuations (periodic) and noise (random) found in the PSU's DC rails. This phenomenon significantly decreases the capacitors' lifespan because it causes them to run hotter. A 10-degree Celsius increase can cut into a cap's useful life by 50%. Ripple also plays an important role in overall system stability, especially when overclocking is involved.

The ripple limits, according to the ATX specification, are 120mV (+12V) and 50mV (5V, 3.3V, and 5VSB).

Test12V5V3.3V5VSBPass/Fail
10% Load6.2 mV6.7 mV8.6 mV4.3 mVPass
20% Load8.3 mV7.4 mV8.7 mV4.2 mVPass
30% Load8.4 mV8.4 mV9.1 mV4.9 mVPass
40% Load8.3 mV9.2 mV9.5 mV5.6 mVPass
50% Load11.6 mV11.2 mV10.4 mV5.8 mVPass
60% Load12.0 mV12.7 mV11.3 mV6.6 mVPass
70% Load12.1 mV13.7 mV12.9 mV8.1 mVPass
80% Load11.8 mV14.6 mV13.7 mV8.2 mVPass
90% Load12.6 mV15.9 mV14.4 mV8.9 mVPass
100% Load18.5 mV17.1 mV14.3 mV11.1 mVPass
110% Load19.5 mV17.7 mV15.7 mV13.3 mVPass
Crossload 112.0 mV10.5 mV13.8 mV6.2 mVPass
Crossload 217.8 mV14.9 mV11.5 mV10.0 mVPass
Image 1 of 4

Results 30-33

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Results 30-33: Ripple Suppression

Image 2 of 4

Results 30-33

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
Image 3 of 4

Results 30-33

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
Image 4 of 4

Results 30-33

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Ripple suppression is excellent on all rails. 

Ripple At Full Load

Image 1 of 4

Ripple 100%

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Ripple Full Load Scope Shots

Image 2 of 4

Ripple 100%

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
Image 3 of 4

Ripple 100%

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
Image 4 of 4

Ripple 100%

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Ripple At 110% Load

Image 1 of 4

Ripple 110

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Ripple 110% Load Scope Shots

Image 2 of 4

Ripple 110

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
Image 3 of 4

Ripple 110

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
Image 4 of 4

Ripple 110

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Ripple At Cross-Load 1

Image 1 of 4

Ripple CL1

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Ripple CL1 Load Scope Shots

Image 2 of 4

Ripple CL1

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
Image 3 of 4

Ripple CL1

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
Image 4 of 4

Ripple CL1

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Ripple At Cross-Load 2

Image 1 of 4

Ripple CL2

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

Ripple CL2 Load Scope Shots

Image 2 of 4

Ripple CL2

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
Image 3 of 4

Ripple CL2

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)
Image 4 of 4

Ripple CL2

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

EMC Pre-Compliance Testing – Average & Peak EMI Detector Results

Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) is the ability of a device to operate properly in its environment without disrupting the proper operation of other nearby devices.

Electromagnetic Interference (EMI) stands for the electromagnetic energy a device emits, and it can cause problems in other nearby devices if too high. For example, it can be the cause of increased static noise in your headphones or/and speakers.

(Image credit: Tom's Hardware)

A single spur exceeds the limit with the average detector, but everything is in control with the peak detector. 

MORE: Best Power Supplies

MORE: How We Test Power Supplies

MORE: All Power Supply Content